BRITISH PATENTS IN 1870

  Year Applications Granted  
        1870                          3.405                   2.180  

*********************************************************

JANUARY 1870

*********************************************************

GB 1                                    Hodgson   Charles

of Richmond, in the county of Surrey, civil engineer. improvements in the manufacture of compound rivetted  bands of iron, steel, or other metal to be used as substitute for wire ropes and in the formation of pullies  to be used therewith.

January  1, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 43                                   Plummer  Hiram

of Brooklyn, in the state of New York, United States of America. Improvements in sewing machines. This Invention is especially designed for sewing braid into bonnets and hats. finger lying over the edge of the fabric carries that down into groove in the bed forming fold through which an eye pointed needle passes, second thread is passed through the loop of needle thread, or looper  is employed. The finger rises after the needle has been drawn back, the feed takes place, and then the finger descends again The needle reciprocates beneath the bed. The feed is made of two surfaces connected together and move jointly by power applied to one surface. For sewing braids the material passes between feeding plates, an guides are provided for the edges of the braids. When the feed is used in an ordinary sewing machine the two clamping surfaces are united by spring bow that allows room for introducing the fabric.

January  5, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 84                                  William  Campion   

of the town and County of the town of Nottingham, sewing machine manufacturer. Improvements  in sewing machines. For this purpose the work plate of the machine is formed with suitable race for the shuttle as heretofore  and connected thereto on the underside are suitable undercut guides to receive slide to which the shuttle carrier is attached. This slide is arranged to work to and fro in horizontal line but with its face in vertical plane, and is connected by link or connecting rod to crank or crank pin mounted on disc carried by an axis revolving below the work plate.

January 11, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 114                                    Lusty  James

of Ipswich, in the county of Suffolk, turner and fitter. Improvements in feed mechanism for sewing machines, to be as follows: my invention relates to silent feed sewing mechanism which is chiefly designed to be applied to the machine commonly known as the Wheeler Wilson's sewing machine on the shaft of the rotating hook of the said machine fix cam which acts on the end of the feed-bar and gives to the same the required to and fro motion. remove the old regulating or adjusting eccentric from the cloth-plate. The new cam which place on the hook shaft remains in contact therewith throughout the entire movement of the feed bar, so that there is no striking of the said cam by the bar to produce this continuous and noiseless action incline the cam laterally upon the shaft. The regulation of the feed or the length of the stitches is effected by varying the inclination of this cam, attach the said cam to its socket or bars (which is fixed on the shaft) by means of pivot or joint on the back or outer side of the cam extending from the said joint is short arm, under which place spring this spring tends continually to incline the cam upon its shaft in one direction, which tendency is opposed by small adjustable eccentric. Printed, 8d. No Drawings.

Provisional protection only.                                                 January 13, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 127                                     Watson  John

of Oldham, in the county of Lancaster. Improvements in the feed-motion of sewing machines. This invention relates to the feed motion of sewing machines which regulates the intermittent motion of the material, and consequently the length of the stitch and applies more particularly to what is known as the silent feed. The invention consists principally in imparting constant motion always to the feed bar, whilst the rising of the finger attached thereto (which acts upon the material may be varied either sooner or later, so as to increase or diminish the length of the stitch. By these means the driver of the feed bar is always in contact with its cam, and hence no sound is produced by the striking of the cam against the driver. Printed, 4d. No Drawings.

Provisional protection only.                                                 January 15, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 140                             Gibbons  Alfred  Robert

of Old Change, in the city of London, buyer, and Umbach Anthony of Sebbon Street, in the county of Middlesex, mechanic. Improvements in machinery or apparatus for ornamenting or embroidering fabrics. This invention relates to certain improvements in the sewing or embroidering machines for which Letters Patent were granted to William Edward Gedge, bearing date the 25th of November 1868, No. 3590, and has for its object the rendering the said machinery or apparatus self-acting or automatic, whereby any given pattern may be embroidered with perfect accuracy without being dependent upon the will of the operator. Printed, 4d. No Drawings.

Provisional protection only.                                                 January 17, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 182                             Lake  William  Robert

of the International Patent Office, Southampton Buildings, London, consulting engineer. A communication from Mary Pemellaia Carpenter, of San Francisco, California. United States of America. Improvements in needles and needle arms for sewing machines. The needle has longitudinal slit or passage extending from below the eye up through the body and out at the top, and has the upper end flattened, and provided with lugs or projections. The arm is divided at its extremity by two intersecting slots terminating in large eye or hole. It thus opens into four parts, forming by means of screw double clamp with an opening formed by the intersection of the slots, the needle is firmly secured in the clamp with the slit open wide enough to allow the thread to be passed down to the eye of the needle. Printed, 6d. Drawing.

January 20, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 207                          Clark  Alexander  Melville

of 53, Chancery Lane, in the county of Middlesex, patent agent. A communication from Gustave Henry Dervieu, merchant, of 13, Boulevart St. Martin, Paris. An improved electro motor for sewing machines. The apparatus consists of triangular framing of metal carrying electro-magnets on either side, above which is mounted wheel provided with armatures. The shaft of this wheel carries band pulley at one end for transmitting the motion to the sewing machine, while at its other end is mounted small roller of non-conducting material having metal contact parts disposed around its periphery. The current from battery being transmitted to the small roller or distributor, alternately opens and closes the circuit, and imparts rotary motion to the pulley shaft. also use commutator for regulating the speed by bringing the apparatus in connection with four or six elements of the pile. The commutator consists of tablet on which is pivoted hand lever brought in contact with one or other of three copper plates for stopping or working at greater or less speed. The electro motor and commutator are both fixed at suitable parts of the sewing machine. Printed, 8d. Drawing.

Provisional protection only.                                                 January 22, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 283                             Johnson  John  Henry

of 47, Lincoln's Inn Fields, in the county of Middlesex, gentleman. A communication from the Grover & Baker Sewing Machine Company, of New York, in the United States of America. Improvements in the construction of sewing machines. This Invention relates to the construction of sewing machines, and consists of certain improvements, which may be divided into three heads. The first head of the Invention has reference more particularly to the construction of that class of sewing machines in which the stitch is formed by the joint operation of an eye pointed needle and reciprocating eye pointed looper, so as to form what is known as the Grover and Baker stitch. The object of this head of the invention is to enable the driving power to be applied to sewing machine of the said class at the side thereof, which is behind the axis of the needle arm, while the needle arm and the looper are constructed so as to operate substantially as in the Grover and Baker family sewing machines now in common use. The second head of this invention relates to improvements in the construction of the following parts of sewing machines, viz'., the feed mechanism, the take up mechanism for the needle thread, the shuttle and its appurtenances, and the construction of the needle arm and of the bearing of the shaft that passes through it and operates the needle. The third head of this invention relates to the construction of the treadle motions for operating sewing machines, and consists essentially of the combination of the crank shaft of the treadle motion with both treadle to be operated by the feet and with handle to be operated by the hand, so that the operator may operate the machine by either his hand or his foot or by both hand and foot, as found expedient. Printed, 3s. Drawings.

January 31, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 284                             Johnson  John  Henry

of 47, Lincoln's Inn Fields, in the county of Middlesex, gentleman. A communication from Hippolyte Fontaine, of Paris, in the Empire of France, engineer. Improvements in motive power engines and steam generators to be used therewith, suitable for domestic purposes. The said invention relates to peculiar construction, arrangement, and combination of boiler and steam engine more particularly adapted as substitute for male or female muscular power in driving machinery for performing either light or heavy work such, for example, as sewing machines, lathes, saws, presses, pumps, blowers or ventilators, kneaders, grinding mills, and other like machines worked by hand or foot power. The combined elements which are necessary for the efficient working of this invention consist as follows: first, steam generator of sufficient capacity to work convenient length of time without attention. Second. The drying and superheating of the steam by the products of combustion before their entrance into the chimney. Third. safety valve actuated by the pressure or the temperature of the boiler and acting directly upon the heating medium. Fourth. The automatic extinction of the heating medium so soon as the water has descended to given level. Fifth. small steam engine composed of the usual elements, but arranged and constructed so as to utilize the steam economically and to the best advantage. Sixth. An engine frame serving as the top of the boiler itself. Seventh. governor or regulator placed inside the fly wheel for preventing or checking any excess of speed in the engine. Printed, 10d. Drawing.

January 31, 1870

*********************************************************

FEBRUARY 1870

*********************************************************

GB 294                             Lake  William  Robert

of the International Patent Office, Southampton Buildings, London, consulting engineer. A communication from George Albert Lloyd, of San Francisco, California, United States of America, gentleman. Improvements in sewing machine needles and needle arms. The said invention relates to certain devices for facilitating the threading of sewing machine needle. The needle has looped spring extending from near the top to below the eye. The arm or bar is provided at its lower end with notch. The needle is secured to the arm in any suitable manner. The operation of threading is performed by simply passing the end of the thread through the loop and then grasping the said thread on each side and sliding or pulling it down between the spring and the body of the needle to the eye. Printed, 6d. Drawing.

February 1, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 395                             Lake  William  Robert

of the International Patent Office, Southampton Buildings, London, consulting engineer. A communication from Nathaniel Wheeler, of Bridgeport, Connecticut, United States of America. Improved apparatus for producing fringe upon woven fabrics. By this invention convert into fringe the parts adjacent to the edges of strips of woven goods, the apparatus acting to destroy the collocation or assemblage of the threads produced by weaving, to draw out the warp and weft threads in lines perpendicular or nearly so to the line of the edge of the strip. This is effected by an instrument having points and shoulders. The points should be sharp and the shoulder should have rounded edge. This instrument may have handle applied to it and be used by hand prefer, however, to mount it in the needle carrier of sewing machine. Printed, 8d. Drawing.

February 10, 1870

*********************************************************

GB 413                                    Isidor Nasch

of Berlin, in the Kingdom of Prussia and Grimme Charles of Brunswick, in the Dukedom of Brunswick, manufacturers. Improvements in sewing machines to produce overcast and button hole hems by means of one single needle. The basis of this invention is common shuttle sewing machine the motion of the needle is  altered while the shuttle operates in the usual manner. While the stuff is being equally moved by the feed bar alternate motion is imparted to the needle, so that it passes once through the stuff and the second time close beside it, but the shuttle passes each time through the loop formed by the needle. On the shaft of the fly wheel there is cog wheel which gears into larger wheel on whose shaft is an eccentric by which an oscillating motion is imparted to lever. The other end of the lever is connected to piece which is coupled to tube by flange through which the needle bar can move. To make the simple quilting stitch, the tube with the needle holder may be adjusted and fixed in the proper position by screws.        

Provisional protection only.                                               February 11, 1870

*********************************************************

MARCH 1870

*********************************************************

 

*********************************************************

APRIL 1870

*********************************************************

 

*********************************************************

MAY 1870

*********************************************************

 

*********************************************************

JUNE 1870

*********************************************************

 

*********************************************************

JULY 1870

*********************************************************

 

*********************************************************

AUGUST 1870

*********************************************************

GB 2.233                          Lake  William  Robert

of the firm of Haseltine, Lake Co., patent agents, Southampton   Buildings, London. A communication from Isidor Nasch of Berlin, in the Kingdom of Prussia, and Charles Grimme, of Brunswick, in the Dukedom of Brunswick, manufacturers. Improvements in sewing machines for producing  over-cast and button-hole hems with single needle.The basis of this invention is common shuttle sewing machine. The motion of the needle is altered while the shuttle operates in the usual manner. While the stuff is being equally moved by the feed bar, alternate motion is imparted to the needle, so that it passes once through the stuff, and the second time close beside it but the shuttle passes each time through the loop formed by the needle. On the shaft of the fly wheel there is cog wheel which gears in larger wheel, on whose shaft is an eccentric, by which an oscillating motion is imparted to lever. The other end of the lever is connected to piece which is coupled to tube by flange, through which the needle bar can move to make the simple quilting stitch. The tube with the needle holder may be adjusted in the proper position by screws.

August  1, 1870

*********************************************************

SEPTEMBER 1870

*********************************************************

 

*********************************************************

OCTOBER 1870

*********************************************************

 

*********************************************************

NOVEMBER 1870

*********************************************************

 

*********************************************************

DECEMBER 1870

*********************************************************

 

*********************************************************

GB 3.405                         Green  Richard  Angell

of the Strand, in the county of Middlesex, jeweller. Improvements in earrings.

December 31, 1870

*********************************************************

  Year Applications Granted  
        1870                          3.405                   2.180  

BRITISH PATENTS IN ...

OLD SERIES

FROM 1617 TO 1852

NEW  SERIES

                           1852   1853   1854   1855   1856   1857   1858   1859

1860  1861  1862   1863   1864   1865   1866   1867   1868   1869

1870  1871  1872   1873   1874   1875   1876   1877   1878   1879

1880  1881  1882   1883   1884   1885   1886   1887   1888   1889

1890  1891  1892   1893   1894   1895   1896   1897   1898   1899

1900  1901  1902   1903   1904   1905   1906   1907   1908   1909

       1910  1911  1912   1913   1914   1915

  Year Applications Granted  
        1870                          3.405                   2.180