1857
1857

 AMERICAN  PATENTS

Chronological List of U.S. Sewing Machine Patent Models

There are more than seven hundred sewing machine patent models and a similar number of attachment models in the Smithsonian collections. Most of these machines were received in 1926 when the Patent Office disposed of its collection of hundreds of thousands of models. Prior to 1880, models had been required with the patent application; although the requirement was discontinued that year, patentees continued to furnish models for another decade or so. All models prior to 1836 were lost in a Patent Office fire of that year, but since the sewing-machine patent history dates from the 1840s, most of the historically important ones of this subject have been preserved.

These models form a valuable part of the record of the invention, supplementing the drawings and the text of the written specifications. The early sewing-machine models were made to order, either by the inventor or a commissioned model maker. As soon as sewing machines were produced commercially, it was less expensive for the patentee to use a commercial machine of the period, to which he added his change or improvement, than to have a complete model constructed to order. Some of the commercial machines used in this way are the only examples known to be in existence, and as such, are of more interest in establishing the history of the manufactured machine than for the minor patented changes.

During the period of the “Sewing Machine Combination”, many patentees attempted to invent and patent “the different machine”. This was either a radical change in style or an attempt to produce a far less-expensive type of machine. These machines were not always put into commercial production, but the patent models give an indication of the extent to which some inventors went to simplify or vary the mechanics of sewing machine.

The following list include those sewing machine patent models in the Smithsonian Institution collections.

   Year    Applications  Granted     Year   Re-issued
 1842   761 517 1842  
 1843   819 531 1843  
1844 1.045 502 1844  
1845 1.246 502 1845  
1846 1.272 619 1846  
1847 1.531 572 1847  
1848 1.628 660 1848  
1849 1.955 1.070 1849  
1850 2.193 995 1850  
1851 2.258 869 1851  
1852 2.639 1.020 1852  
1853 2.673 958 1853 482  
1854 3.324 1.902 1854  
1855 4.435 2.024 1855  
1856 4.960 2.502 1856  
1857 4.771 2.910 1857  
1858 5.364 3.710 1858  
1859 6.225 4.538 1859  
1860 7.653 4.819 1860  
1861 4.643 3.340 1861  
1862 5.038 3.521 1862  
1863 6.014 4.170 1863  
1864 6.932 5.020 1864  
1865 10.664 6.616 1865  
1866 15.269 9.450 1866  
1867 21.276 13.015 1867  
1868 24.420 13.378 1868  
1869 19.271 13.986 1869  
1870 19.171 13.321 1870  
1871 19.472 13.033 1871  
1872 18.246 13.590 1872  
1873 20.414 12.864 1873  
1874 21.602 13.599 1874  
1875 21.638 *16.288 1875  
1876 21.425 *17.026 1876  
1877 20.318 *13.619 1877 568
1878 20.260 *12.935 1878 509
1879 20.059 *12.725 1879 488
1880     1880  
1881     1881  
1882     1882  
1883     1883  
1884     1884  
1885     1885  
1886     1886  
1887     1887  
1888     1888  
1889     1889  
1890     1890  
1891     1891  
1892     1892  
1893     1893  
1894     1894  
1895     1895  
1896     1896  
1897     1897  
1898     1898  
1899     1899  
1900     1900  
1901     1901  
1902     1902  
1903     1903  
1904     1904  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Includes trade-marks and labels

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