1790 - 1841


US                                         William  F.  Hill

Needle and pin machine

October 15, 1814


US                    A. Porter  &  J. Mead  &  James Stedwell

Knitting  stockings  

of Queensbury, N. Y.

July 31, 1815


US                                            Henry  Lie 

Sewing leather, machine, &.c.

of Philadelphia, Pa

March 10, 1826


US                             John McMullen  &  J. Hollen Jr.

Knitting stockings

of Huntington co., Pa  

March 5, 1831  


US                                      Joseph  Burrington

Clamp for sewing leather

of Burke, Vt

May 1, 1834


US 125                                 Patrick  G.  Nagle

Improvements in compositions for making Boots & Shoes waterproof

To all whom, it may concern:

Be it known that I, Patrick G. Nagle, of Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have discovered a new and useful Composition for Rendering Boots and Shoes Waterproof, which is described as follows:

Take two pounds of balsam-copaiba, five pounds of the essence of the myrtle-tree, one pound of gum-copal, two pounds of rosin, three pounds of rendered suet. Cut all the hard substances into small particles. Put the whole into a large vessel and let the admixture boil for a few minutes until the ingredients become well incorporated together and converted into a paste. Mode of application: when the boots are crimped and while wet on the crimping-boards, lay on the paste, (it being warm at the time of applying the same). In this state it will penetrate every part of the leather as it dries. The above is for the leg part of the boot. The following is for the bottom part of the boot: take the above in a dissolved state, or a part of it and apply a sufficient quantity of rosin, so as  to make it into a thick paste, (the rosin to be  melted). Then lay it on in the usual way in which the workman puts on paste after sewing on the welt. In this manner the inner  sole becomes prepared to resist water as well as the Outer sole. The discovery claimed by the subscriber and by him desired to be secured by Letters Patent, consists in: the before-described composition for rendering boots and shoes waterproof.

February 10,1837


US                          John McMullen  &  J. Hollen Jr.

Knitting machine

 Sinking Valley & Logan's Valley, Pa.  

February 11,1837


US 1.437                                   Abel  Morral

Manufacture of Needles

The invention claimed by me and intend led to be secured by Letters Patent consists The spitting or stringing of needles upon a steel or other wire or on any suitable substance which may be passed through the eyes thereof and which either by means of edges or teeth formed thereon or by the application of some grinding or polishing material thereto shall remove the asperities from said eyes and render them perfectly smooth by giving to said needles while, so strung a shaking or reciprocating motion substantially in the manner herein set forth.

December 21, 1839

A most important invention was patented in 1839 by Abel Morrall, a Studley needle-maker, for burnishing the eyes of needles by threading them upon a roughened steel wire stretched in a frame and caused to revolve, or to move backwards and forwards. The needles are thus made to vibrate upon the wire in every direction and the eyes effectually cleared from all roughness. This very valuable patent was shortly afterwards purchased by Messrs. Bartleet & Sons, of Redditch and the use of string or cord, which the inventor thought might also serve as well as wire, was disclaimed by them in 1841.

from the Sewing Machine Gazette


US 1.834                           Benjamin  Hutchinson

Knitting stockings

I claim therein as constituting my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

The employment of an endless chain of hooks, or turning needles, upon which the loops, or stitches, are to be received; which chain is so constructed as that it may be lengthened, or shortened, at pleasure, for the purpose of widening, or narrowing, in the process of knitting. The hooks, or turning needles, used by me are grooved on their upper surfaces and are otherwise constructed in a manner similar to those used in the machines where the stockings are knit open; I do not, therefore, make any claim to these, or to the apparatus by which the yarn is lifted, tramped, or otherwise operated upon, but confine my claim to the endless chain, constructed and operating, in the manner and for the purpose, herein set forth.

October 22, 1840






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