GERMAN SEWING MACHINE MANUFACTURER
In the middle of the 19th Century ,the first American sewing machines came to Europe and were immediately rebuilt .
In 1849 Carl Beermann in Berlin , in 1853 Christian Mansfeld in Leipzig and in 1854, F. Boecke in Berlin , were among the first German manufacturers , which is relatively fast , however, shifted their business to other areas of the sewing machine or production tasks for other reasons soon.
Clemens Müller was the first German manufacturer in 1855 in Dresden. He was followed by another 100 companies. The American company , therefore, had significant problems on the German market with the exception of the Singer company of George Neidlinger in Hamburg.
One of the other company was the Maschinenfabrik Bernard Stoewer in Stettin. It began in 1862 with the manufacture of sewing machines after the Wheeler & Wilson system. In 1864 also adopted the system of Grover & Parker. In 1865 , eleven workers and four apprentices employed . In 1872 the company was renamed as sewing machine factory and iron foundry Bernh. Stoewer , Stettin. The number of employees rose to 250 by large orders from Scandinavia (after Singer system as " Victoria ") . In 1907, Stoewer manufactured 75.708 sewing machines ; in 1920 1,500,000 manufactured . In 1929 only 30,000 sewing machines were manufactured and in 1931 had to be decided on the liquidation. Adolf Koch AG in Saalfeld took over the machines, devices and brands and distribution rights .
Also one of the first successful producer Georg Michael Pfaff from Kaiserslautern. He was a brass instrument builder and came also in 1862 , on the repair of sewing machines have built their own sewing machines initially to the system of Howe, Singer later .
Since 1868, there are in Dresden , the company Seidel & Naumann. Leopold Oskar Dietrich , Hermann Köhler and Gustav Winselmann founded in 1871 in Altenburg ( Thuringia) , a workshop for the construction of sewing machines, sewing machines Vesta works.
Constructed in 1872 Max Carl Gritzner from Karlsruhe twice the circulating gripper without glasses.His machine was out of this gripper a bobbin case fan , a rotating take-up lever and a controlled tension . However, it fared Gritzner how many inventors , his idea was popular until much later , when the Americans took over his invention.
Furthermore, the parallelism of the development of the sewing machine and the bicycle is striking , although both industrial products not initially have much in common.However, both operated at the same time to the same market and both needed in equal amounts precision-machined components such as bearings and threaded parts. For this reason, many merchants sell still both bicycles and sewing machines. The concentration of German machine manufacturer along with the bicycle industry to a few locations such as Bielefeld is also due to this cause. The same applies to the typewriter. Not infrequently all three products came from a house.
The structural crisis in the sewing machine industry
Over 200 companies in Germany dealt with the construction of sewing machines.Names such as Mueller, Naumann, Seidel , Opel, Koehler, Eagle and Phoenix are among them .The
German sewing machine industry in the last century had to endure some crises. First
there were the two world wars meant that almost all sewing machine factories had to change their production to war-related things.The loss of total foreign trade was difficult to make up again after the wars . Around 1948 then rose known companies were not allowed to continue their traditional production of sewing machines around Messerschmitt , Zündapp and ELAC belonged to it . After a few years, the market has now been tight. In
addition to that the cheap Far East imports first appeared in the wholesale business .The
resulting price war led to mergers of German companies - APHA ( = anchor , Phoenix, Eagle) - or even joint ventures with Japanese - Eagle Toyomenka and the like - and then ended up in the
seventies with the cessation of production in almost all German companies. Only Pfaff was initially spared, but was caught later as Singer and Elna . Pfaff sewing machines are now of Viking
Husqvarna in Sweden (which were also the champions disappear manufacturer ) built, the other major household sewing machine manufacturer still exists Bernina in Switzerland. Singer has also
changed significantly. The actual Singer company has turned to years of space technology and issued a license to the sewing machine manufacturing company .The sewing machine factory in Wittenberg
in 1984 Some other sewing machine manufacturers were able to keep their production because they ran through distributors under other labels . For example VERITAS ( sewing machine factory
Wittenberg ) gave to the late 80s, including for the purchase and shipping houses Quelle and Neckermann under the trade mark " Ideal " and " brilliant " . The Italian car parts manufacturer
Borletti delivered from his sewing machine division to the 70s for Neckermann under the label Brilliant .Borletti put his sewing machine production in the early 70s a . The Italian manufacturer Necchi delivers up today for Aldi Medion under the label .
The VERITAS sewing machine factory in Wittenberg , built in 1903 by the American Singer Company NY, reached production figures of about 400,000 units per year in the 1980s . After the unification of Germany , the company was liquidated by the German Treuhand .
1907 GERMAN COMPANY
01- Anker-werke formerly Hengstenberg & Co. Bielefeld .
02- Baer & Rempel, Bielefeld .
03- Biesold & Locke, Meißen i S .
04- E. Böttcher , Berlin .
05- Claes & Flentje , Mühlhausen (Thür.)
06- L. 0. Dietrich , Altenburg S.A. .
07- Frister & Rossmann , Berlin SO .
08- James Gutmann , Berlin .
09- Maschinenfabrik Gritzner , A.G.. Durlach .
10- Adolf Knoch , Saalfeld a. S. .
11- Richard Knoch , Saalfeld a. S. .
12- Köhler, Altenburg S.A. .
13- C. G. Lehmann & Co. , Berlin .
14- Clemens Müller , G. m. b. H.. Dresden-N..
15- H. Mundlos & Co. , Magdeburg.
16- Gehr. Nothmann , G.m.b.H., Berlin.
17- G. M. Pfaff , Kaiserslautern.
18- Pfälzische Nähmaschinen-Fabrik formerly Kayser, Kaiserslautern.
19- Aktiengesellschaft formerly Seidel & Naumann, Dresden.
20- Nähmaschinenfabrik formerly Stoewer, Stettin.
21- Deutsche Nähmaschinenfabrik form. Wertheim A.G. , Frankfurt a. M.