US 12.336                               Salem  Wilder

Waxing Thread on Sewing Machine

... Attached to the lower end of the needle carrier is the needle H and in the shuttle race the shuttle I is placed and made to operate in the usual manner in which it is worked in the sewing machines manufactured under the patent to Elias Howe, Jr. ...

... what I claim is:

1. The improvement of so applying the wax holder to the frame or arm of the machine and between the needle and the eye of the needle-carrier, that the vertical movements of the carrier shall cause the thread to be moved or drawn up and down, through the wax holder and its elastic bottom, whereby the saturating of the thread becomes improved, as specified.

2. The combination of an elastic bottom or partition and its compressor with the wax holder, the same being to regulate the application of the wax to the thread and to prevent its escape from the wax-holder, essentially as described. 

Patent Expired in 1869

January 30, 1855




US 14.207                              Alfred  Swingle

Machinery for Sewing Cloth, Leather and other Material

The thread-tension apparatus, composed of the rollers M and O, their fork P, its screw and nut and spring, as above described, is of great advantage when a waxed thread is employed in the machine, it producing a proper and uniform tension of the thread and preventing the wax thereon from being scraped therefrom, as takes place when a waxed thread is carried and pressed between two flat surfaces....I do claim, as a tension apparatus, the combination of a rotary grooved roller and a pressure roller, operating by means of a spring of its equivalent, essentially as specified, the same, when a waxed thread is used, producing advantages substantially as hereinbefore stated.

February 5, 1856




US 39.092                             Reuben W. Drew

Attachments for Waxed Thread Sewing Machine

In the use.of clear waxed thread in sewing machines it has been found that the rooms or apartments where used must be highly heated to make the waxed thread sufficiently pliable to work in and through a machine and so great has been the difficulty of making threads waxed with clear shoe-maker's wax sufficiently pliable, or flexible to work in machines that an inferior article of wax, or, rather, of a composition of a softer nature, has been resorted to, which is actually injurious to the thread, either rotting it or evaporating and leaving the thread dry. After much experiment I have succeeded in making an attachment to a sewing machine using a waxed thread that is perfectly practical and highly useful, enabling me to use waxed threads in any room or building under any temperatures. My invention relates and is applicable to any sewing machine using waxed threads and whose parts to which the heat is applied are made of metal, whatever may be its construction and mode of operation, but so that the heat may be distributed over the waxed thread without allowing the flame to injure it and it consists in the application of heat by the flame of a lamp, or of a gas-burner, or their equivalents, to a sewing machine using waxed threads, for the purpose of warming the thread and rendering it pliable and thus applicable to machine-sewing under any temperatures of the external air. 

Assignor to Alfred B. Ely

June 30, 1863


US 39.567                          Thomas J.  Halligan

Sewing Machine Shuttle

This invention relates to an improvement in the construction of shuttles which are to be used in machines for sewing leather, &c., the object of which is to enable me to use waxed thread without liability of scraping off the wax therefrom and also to obtain a uniformity of tension, as will be hereinafter described. 

August 18, 1863


US 40.318                             Isaac  Banister

Semi-Liquid Wax for Sewing Machine Thread

The nature of my discovery is such that it entirely obviates the present necessity of using heat to the wax-holder, while the wax at the same time has all the requisite qualifications required of wax upon the thread, as to making the thread work easily and be of the required hardness and durability on the thread when the wax becomes dry. 

October 20, 1863




US 41.050                            Isaac  Banister

Thread-Waxing Devices for Sewing Machine

This invention relates to apparatus for waxing the thread with liquid wax, more especially to the employment for removing the superfluous wax from the thread, after it has passed. through the wax-trough, of a tube or eye of india-rubber or other elastic or flexible material which can be more or less contracted or expanded to suit thread of different sizes and according to the quantity of wax desired to be retained in or on the thread. It consists in a certain construction of the stock which holds the aforesaid tube, whereby provision is made for the contraction and expansion of the said tube.  

January 5, 1864


US 42.292                              A. F.  Johnson

Sewing Machine

The present invention relates almost entirely to improvements in the method of producing a wax-thread seam for the uniting of heavy fabrics, like leather, such as are used for boots or shoes, harnesses, carriages, &c., although it will apply essentially to the sewing of other materials as well when other threads are to be used. Previous to entering into a detailed description of my invention it may be well to show what, in the course of many experiments and investigations, I have found to be the difficulties to be overcome and the essential requisites to be embodied in a sewing machine for producing this class of goods, as it will tend to point out more clearly the salient points of my invention and wherein they differ from what has before been done.

The only wax-thread sewing machinery heretofore used that has approximated to the accomplishment of practical results has been that by which a single-thread or tambour stitch has been produced, it having been found impossible to form a seam by a double-thread or lock stitch in such heavy goods with a waxed or tarred thread, although it is evident and has long been demonstrated that this latter stitch is the only one which is sufficiently strong and durable to withstand the hard usage to which such fabrics are exposed but the lock-stitch could not be made with a wax-thread in leather and other hard fabrics by the ordinary arrangement of devices....

April 12, 1864


US 43.077                Gordon McKay & Lyman R. Blake

Devices for Stripping Superfluous Wax from Thread

In the preparation of thread for use by those sewing machines known as "waxed-thread machines", which employ a crochet-needle, the general waxing of the thread is imperfect, as is well known, caused by imperfection of the device used in waxing, termed the "stripper", which prior to our invention has been made of material which is quite compressible and soft, being generally rubber, leather, or cloth. Such Strippers have been made by perforating the compressible material with a hole for the passage of the thread or a slit has been cut in the material, through which the thread has been made to pass and this slit formation has been most used, because more easily threaded than the hole through the material. The compressible material has also been put in the shape of a tube, through which the thread has been drawn and this and the forms before mentioned have had appliances connected there with by which the material of the stripper has been compressed upon the thread as the stripping material wore away by the friction consequent upon the passage of the thread and Wax. With these strippers knots and enlargements of the thread were drawn through the thread-passage therein by compressing the material of the stripper and in their movement wearing away and enlarging the passage.

When the material was too tightly compressed upon the thread it for a time removed too much wax therefrom. Wearing away of the material of the stripper enlarged the hole. Then for a short time it allowed the proper amount of wax to pass the stripper and to remain upon the thread but the continued passage of the thread soon increased the aperture in the stripper, so that too much wax remained upon the thread and as the aperture generally wore oblong more wax was left on one surface or side of the thread than on the other. As the uniformly-good performance of waxed-thread sewing machines cannot be obtained without uniformity in the waxing of the thread used and as the quality of the sewing accomplished depends upon there being a sufficiency of wax left upon the thread, the utility of a device which, while made of a material not practicably compressible, not soft and subject to wear, like substances before named and which will at the same time admit the passage of knots and enlargements in the thread, becomes apparent.

Assignors to Gordon McKay

June 7, 1864


US 43.209                            Amos  Holbrock Jr.

Devices for Heating Waxed Threads in Sewing Machine

My invention consists in an improvement by which I am enabled to employ gas as a means for heating the rotating horn of the sole sewing machine shown and described in the United States Letters Patent granted for the invention of Messrs. McKay and Mathies, August 12, 1862 and numbered US 36.163, the gas so employed being a cheap substitute for alcohol, oil, &c., thereby making a material daily saving in the cost of operating each of such of the aforesaid sewing machines to which my improvement may be applied, besides having advantages in the matters of cleanliness and ease of management. It is well known that in operating these sole-sewing machines it is necessary to heat the horn in order to keep the wax upon the thread soft and the thread flexible during the sewing process. It is also well known to those who operate the said rotating horn sewing machine that its horn is mounted on a vertical tubular shaft, within which is a small vertical shaft which operates the device which lays the thread into the hook of the needle. Said small vertical shaft, occupying the axis of rotation of the horn-bearing shaft, rendered it necessary to adopt some peculiar arrangement to convey gas to a burner placed in convenient position upon or under the horn which should not interfere with the rotation of the horn and the parts there with immediately connected.

Prior to my invention a slack flexible hose was used to convey the gas to the burner; but this involved the unwinding of the hose from the horn-supporting shaft as often as it became tightly wound up thereupon during the operation of the machine in sewing around soles and the trouble and loss of time involved in this more than counterbalanced any advantages arising from the use of gas for heating.

June 21, 1864


USRE 1.831                         Amos  Holbrock Jr.

 ... and we, the aforesaid Amos Holbrock and William F. Spinney and F. W. G. Lewis, also of Lynn aforesaid, the owners thereof...

Devices for Heating Waxed Threads in Sewing Machine

December 6, 1864




US 47.911                             Hosea P.  Aldrice

Machine for Sewing Leather with Waxed Thread

I claim herein as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. Heating the pressure-pad and cloth-plate of a sewing machine, or either of them separately, by steam or otherwise for the purpose of preventing waxed thread from sticking thereto while passing through the machine, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

2. Inclosing the tension-wheel or other, tension device of a sewing machine over which the Waxed thread passes in a heated chamber or casing for the purpose of preventing waxed thread which passes around it from sticking thereto, substantially as herein described. 

3. Combining with the steam-chest of the wax-receptacle D the casing which contains the tension-wheel, substantially in the manner and for the purposes specified.

4. In combination with the wax-receptacle D and its steam-chest a, the pipes G O K, hollow pressure-pad B and hollow cloth-plate C, substantially as and for the purposes specified. 

Assignor to himself and George Jenks

May 30, 1865


US 47.912                             Hosea P.  Aldrice

Thread-Waxing Device for Sewing Machine

Although I have designed the apparatus principally for use in shoemaking, it may be used to good advantage in all cases where waxed threads are employed-such, for in stance, as in harness-making and similar branches of manufacture. By my invention the thread does not have to be spooled, but can be used direct from the ball or skein, thus saving a great deal of time. Any other yielding substance such as Cork may be used for the plug O, although I prefer rubber. Having thus fully described the nature of my invention, what I claim herein as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination of the wax-receptacle A with the water-tank D, water-jacket E and chimney C, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2. Attaching the wax-receptacle to the sewing machine by passing a rod through the hollow tube I, which tube performs the function of a thread-guide for immersing the thread under the surface of the wax, substantially as herein described.

3. The combination of the tube L, india-rubber plug O and screw M, substantially as and for the purposes described.

4. Making the india-rubber plug O convex at both its ends, in combination with the socket of tube L and that on screw M, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

5. The application to thread-waxing devices of the tube L, when constructed and operated as and for the purposes described. 

Assignor to himself and George Jenks

May 30, 1865


US 50.917

November 14, 1865


US 51.383

December 5, 1865




US 54.145

April 24, 1866


US 58.550

October 2, 1866


US 59.127

October 23, 1866




US 67.300

July 30, 1867


US 67.881

August 20, 1867


US 69.056

September 17, 1867




US 74.310

February 11, 1868




US 113.962

April 26, 1871


US 117.644

August 1, 1871




US 130.556

August 20, 1872




US 167.094                           William J. Garton

Wax Thread Heating Machine

My invention relates to sundry improvements in wax-thread-heating machines, such as are used in boot and shoe factories, having for their object to thoroughly heat and keep pliable the waxed thread while being used on a sewing machine, so that the work produced by the machine with the aid of my improvements shall be equal in quality and in every other respect, to that produced by the best hand labor. 

Assignor of one-half his right to William Ward

August 24, 1875


US 168.521                         John M. Nichols

Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

In the drawings, the part marked A represents the front lower part of the machine ... known as the “New England Wax-Thread Sewing Machine”, to which my improvements are shown applied in the drawings. From the top part of A rises the post B, to the top of which is secured the needle and work plates C, while upon the needle-plate C is secured an adjustable guide-plate a, known as the “Springer Guide-Plate”, for the reason it was invented by William A. Springer, of Marlborough, Massachusetts ...

... My invention relates particularly to improvements in that class of sewing machines in which two rows of stitches are formed at the same time and as such machines were constructed previous to my invention the needles were arranged opposite each other, but in my invention they are arranged diagonally to each other ...

... A description of the general construction and operation of the sewing machine is not deemed necessary, since the same is well known, the machine having been built and used under patents:

US 9.679 granted to William Wickersham dated April 19, 1853;

US 11.240 granted to William Butterfield dated July 4, 1854;

US 11.588 granted to Sidney  Stevens  Turner dated August 22, 1854 and

US 14.324 granted to T. J. W.  Robertson dated February 26, 1856 ... 

October 5, 1875




US 171.877                          William A.  Springer

Guides for Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

January 4, 1876


US 173.837      John E. Wheeler & Lynn and Lyman Barber

Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

This invention has for its object the automatic adjustment of the presser-foot, for work of varying thicknesses. We claim:

1. The wedge-shaped adjusting-block G, rocking-lever E and presser-bar A, in combination with the lever B and projecting collar C, substantially as described.

2. The combination of the shoulder C and lever B with the variable adjusting-block G and operating mechanism, Substantially as described, whereby the said block is adjusted by the thickness of the work and the presser bar thereby caused to have a uniform lift from the surface of the work, substantially as set forth.

3. The combination of the presser-bar A, adjustable collar D, with the rocking-lever E and Spring H, all arranged and operated substantially as described.

February 22, 1876


US 176.269        Raymond Blakiston & William Compton Blakiston

Waxing and Tarring Soft Cording, Rope Yarns, &c.

The object of the invention is to wax and tar soft cording, rope yarns and all kinds of twines made from jute, flax, or cotton more thoroughly and evenly and with a greater saving of time and waxing material, than by any other process now in use in sail-makers' lofts or in factories where twines and threads are either made or used

April 18, 1876


US 176.772                            Louis  Chevallier

This invention relates to a new sewing machine, which is to be more particularly used for stitching leather and is a machine of that class in which an awl is employed above the fabric, together with a presser-foot and a needle, the awl serving to perforate the leather and feed it, the needle being subsequently introduced through the hole made by the awl and making the stitch, while the presser-foot holds the leather firmly in place. 

May 2, 1876


US 179.759           Ray. Blakiston & William C. Blakiston

Waxing Compound or Composition

This invention relates to that class of compounds used to wax soft cording and all descriptions of twines made from jute, flax, cotton, or hemp. To prepare this compound, take of bees-Wax three parts; of rosin, five and a half parts and of palm oil, one and a half parts. Dissolve the rosin and wax together in an ordinary kettle on a stove or furnace; when dissolved, add the palm-oil in a crude state, which must be done gradually and carefully, to avoid scattering of mixture. When the ingredients are thoroughly mixed in the proportions stated, the mixture is ready for use. To prepare said twines, the material above described is placed in a machine made for the purpose (and for which a patent was granted to us April 18, 1876, US 176.269). We claim A compound consisting of bees. Wax, rosin and palm-oil, in the proportions above stated, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

July 11, 1876


US 185.080                      Samuel Nelson Corthell

Apparatus for Applying Wax to Boot and Shoe Burnishing Machines

December 5, 1876




4.371        Consolidated Wax Thread Sewing Machine Company

(Boston, Mass.)

Wax-thread Sewing Machine


February 13, 1877  


US 196.809                            Jeremiah  Keith

Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

This machine is specially adapted to sewing with a waxed thread and consequently is intended for sewing articles of canvas or leather. It can be used, however, to sew a thread not waxed. In carrying out my invention employ a two nosed shuttle, a “hooked needle” rather than what is termed an “eye-pointed needle”, which will not operate well with a waxed thread, on account of the wax collecting in the eye and groove of it to such an extent as to prevent or hinder the free passage of the thread through the needle. 

November 6, 1877


US 198.392                          D. Ufford  Jennings

Manufacture of Waxed Thread for sewing

December 18, 1877


US 198.594                            Hannibal  Folsom

Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

This invention relates to wax-thread sewing machines for sewing, the outer seam of boot and shoe soles, which employ a post for sup porting the work and in which the work is fed by a movement of the needle... My invention has for its object mainly to facilitate the manipulation of a boot or shoe while it is being stitched and by “manipulation. I mean inclining the sole, swinging the boot or shoe while it is inclined or in any position and feeding the boot or shoe between stitches.

December 25, 1877




US 218.464                   Simon Willard Wardwell Jr.

Wax Thread Sewing Machine

The main object of my invention is to sew leather and other materials with two waxed threads that is, with threads thoroughly saturated with shoe-maker's wax, locking said threads at some point between the faces of the material and this I effect by means of a machine embodying new and improved mechanisms and devices, which will be hereinafter fully described.

Assignor to Hautin Sewing Machine Company

August 12, 1879