US PATENTS

FOR

BUTTON-HOLE MACHINES

which include

Buttonhole Sewing Machines,

Buttonhole Attachments for ordinary Sewing Machine

and

Button Sewing Machine

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The first US patent for a machine to stitch Button Holes

US 10.609                               Charles Miller

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The invention relates to the adaptation of the cloth or other material to be sewed to receive what are termed the "button-hole stitch", the "whip-stitch" and the "herring-bone stitch" and it consists in giving the cloth or material to be sewed a movement laterally to the direction of the seam and in opposite directions, alternately, between every two stitches, in addition to the movement commonly given in the direction of the seam. The button-hole stitch and whip-stitch are both made in the same way by taking one stitch through the cloth and the next over the edge the only difference being that in making the button-hole stitch the movement in the direction of the seam requires to be much less than in making the whip-stitch, being properly only the distance of one thickness of thread. The herring-bone stitch is made by taking all the stitches through.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

Giving the cloth or material being sewed a movement laterally to the direction of the seam, between the successive stitches or interlacings of the needle and shuttle threads, substantially as set forth, for the purpose of receiving different kinds of stitches or seams. 

March 7, 1854

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US 13.353                          James  Harrison Jr.

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

This invention relates to certain means of feeding the material to be sewed, which are applicable to the working of button-holes, embroidery and also to the sewing of curved and crooked work generally. 

July 31, 1855

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US 24.863                        E. A. Goodes & E. L. Miller

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

Our invention relates to the formation of a stitch of novel character suitable for working button-holes and eyelet-holes, overseaming and for other kinds of work in which it is necessary or desirable for the stitches to pass over an edge. It consists in a certain combination of mechanical devices for making such stitch.

... The feed-motion employed in connection with our improved stitch-making apparatus may be of any known kind. The apparatus may be adapted to any or most of the machines in use and put on and two threads may be used without changing the construction of any of the parts above specified, except that of the hooked needle "b", which will require to have a second hook to catch the second thread, which should be so conducted from a spool or bobbin below the work-plate as to be caught by the said hook and drawn in the form of a loop through the loop of the thread from the needle "n" and drawn with the latter loop over the edge of the material and to be caught and spread by the hook "h" along with the latter loop, that the needle "n" may pass through it also.

July 26, 1859

Reissued

February 9, 1864        USRE 1.616

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread or Two Threads

Assignors to:

C. S. Patterson, E. Pincus, A. Hart, M. Moore, A. Mitchell and H. H. Reed 

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US 25.692                               Kasimir  Vogel

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My invention consists in a finger or thread conductor operating in combination with two or more needles which perforate or pass from one side to the other of the cloth or other material to be operated upon for the purpose of effecting the interlacing of the threads of such needles on one side of the material before they are interlaced with a locking-thread on the opposite side and thus producing stitches of novel character, suitable for working button holes, working over the edges of cloth or other goods, embroidering and for other purposes. It further consists in a movable needle-plate, made adjustable in the bed or cloth plate of the sewing machine and containing two or more needle-holes of different size or form, or differently arranged, either of which may by adjusting the plate be presented in a position for the needle to work through.

October 4, 1859

Reissued

November 1, 1864           USRE 1.805

 Assignor to the Union Button Hole and Embroidery Machine Company

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US 28.788                             Jacob B.  Steiner

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My invention relates to the manner of constructing the devices by which the needle, shuttle and hook of a sewing machine are worked, so that all these three shall be operated for button-hole work, but that the hook may be readily uncoupled from the machine and that the latter may then be used for plain sewing without modifying other parts of the machine. 

June 19, 1860

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US 28.814                              Israel M.  Rose

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The nature of my said invention consists in the combination of a revolving hook, bobbin and reciprocating needle with an eye-pointed needle that perforates the cloth in such a manner that the under thread is interlaced or concatenated with needle-thread at the surface of the goods and the loop of needle-thread being passed around the bobbin of second thread prevents the loop of needle-thread drawing up through the cloth, so that I perform the operation of working a button-hole by the combined shuttle and double-loop stitch, or in any similar operation to that of making a button-hole may be performed in my said machine.

Assignor to Jno. R.  Morrell

June 19, 1860

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US 31.628                              Israel M.  Rose

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

My invention relates to such a modification of the common sewing machine as to enable the operator, by means thereof, to work a button-hole in cloth with the ordinary hand sewing button-hole stitch made with a single thread. The contrivance can readily be attached to many of the machines now generally in use.  

March 5, 1861

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US 32.023                              Theodore  Burr

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination of the cam G, the levers H and i, operating upon the horizontal shaft K, having forked prongs did and bb and spiral twist and the fork a, as described and for the purpose set forth.

2. The cog or spur F, in combination with the shaft E, provided with feathers R R and hook-fork P, operated upon by spring o, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. 

Assignor to himself, Augustus Rower and Parcel Brinkerhoff

April 9, 1861

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US 33.029                         George Franklin  Case

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

I am aware that machines have been invented for the same purpose as this, but owing to their imperfections and complication have been but little used. I am also aware that machines having the same form and motion of needle-bar have been used, as in the Robinson & Roper machine; but these I do not claim; neither do I claim any particular form of needle. I also disclaim the finger or hook f and the forked finger g separately; but what I do claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The semi-rotating feed e, pressing against the under side of the cloth close to the edge of the button-hole, constructed and operated substantially as described and shown. 

2. The combination of the finger or looper f, the forked finger g, and the incline piece l, constructed and operated substantially as shown and for the purpose specified.    

August 13, 1861

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US 33.619                            William  Weitling

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Three Threads

The special parts of my invention consist, first, of a thread-carrier carrying a thread down and up the opening of the button-hole, while the needle, in stitching, carries one down and up through the cloth; second, in a special opening in the plate for the passage of the thread-carrier; third, in a thread-holder revolving round an axle fixed in the cloth-presser and provided below its base with a hook where with to take up the slackening of the threads above the plate and to hold them in the form of loops under the needle; fourth, in a thread-regulator for alternately opening and shutting the opening in the plate for the passage of the thread-carrier; fifth, in a take-up tension keeping the threads in a continual tension while running from the spools, so as to take up any slackening not taken up by the thread-holder; sixth, in a tension-regulator checking the take-up tension for the time the shuttle or its equivalent passes through the loops forming below the plate...

...My machine operates with three threads at once. One is worked in the ordinary manner by a common sewing machine needle stitching through the cloth, the second by the thread carrier moving down and up the opening of the button-hole while the needle stitches through and rises from the cloth and the third by the shuttle loop-checking both the other threads on the lower side of the button-hole. 

October 29, 1861 

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US 34.454                            William  Weitling

Sewing Machine Buttonhole Stitch

A new and useful stitch-work (combination of stitches and loops) for edging and for button-holes, which can be made by sewing machines constructed and operating as shown by the specification and drawings of my (William Weitling's) Patent US 33.619, dated October 29, 1861, or constructed and operating by any other mechanical device having the object of producing the same stitch work by sewing machines and I do hereby declare that, besides the specification and drawings of my patent dated the 29th of October, 1861, showing in general that my stitch work can be made by sewing machines and in special how such sewing machines may be constructed and operating.

February 18, 1862

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US 34.748     Alfred C. F.  Derocquigny, Dominique Gance & Louis Hanzo

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

This invention consists in an improved mode of obtaining and controlling a lateral or side to-side movement of the perforating-needle of a sewing machine in working button-holes, in doing that kind of embroidery known as “scalloping” and in any other kind of work in which such movement is necessary or desirable; also, in a peculiarly-applied hook and the mode of operating the same, in combination with the laterally-moving perforating-needle and a shuttle for causing the needle-thread to take a turn round the said needle on the face or at the edge of the cloth in working embroidery or in making button-holes; also, in an improved feed-motion for moving the cloth in various directions; also, in an improved mode of lifting the presser to permit the turning of the cloth between successive stitches; also, in certain means of operating the shuttle, where by the necessity of a raceway or of any fixed shuttle-guide is entirely obviated. 

March 25, 1862

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US 36.617                    Daniel  W. G. Humphrey

of Chelsea, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The needle-bar carrier C ...

2. The combination of the needle-bar carrier C, the loop-carrier d, needle b, hook c and loop-check i with needle a, arranged and operated as described, whereby the button-hole stitch represented is produced.

3. The cam-wheel W2 ...

4. The slotted plate V ...

5. The feed-clamp K2 ...

6. The employment of the rocker X, piston e2 adjustable plate Y and spring r, in combination with the lever T, operated as and for the purpose specified. 

October 7, 1862

No button hole stitching machine of this class was in use prior to that invented by Daniel W. G. Humphrey, patent US 36.617 dated October 7, 1862.

In June 13, 1871, said Humphrey also obtained Letters Patent US 115.857  for improvements upon his first invention.

extract from patent  US 207.173 dated August 20, 1878

James W. Furbush & John Perley

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US 36.932              James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

Our invention, though generally adaptable to most descriptions of sewing machines, yet relates more especially to those machines which are employed in uniting or stitching together the edges of a fabric and has for its object the production of a machine which shall be capable of working a button-hole or other similar article in a practically successful manner by automatic means...

Assignors to themselves and  Augustus G. Seaman

November 11, 1862

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US 37.931                            William  Weitling

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My invention consists in the application to sewing machines of a double-thread holder, which operates, in conjunction with the needle, a thread-carrier and shuttle, to form the button hole stitching, the double-thread holder crossing its two threads under the needle and vertical thread-carrier, the threads of which interloop with the crossed threads and which are secured by the shuttle-thread passing through the loops of the needle and vertical thread-carrier, the operation resulting in a substantial button-hole stitch, which may also be applied advantageously to the edging of cloth. 

March 17, 1863

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US 39.442              James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The inventions claimed under this patent are applicable to other sewing machines, but are more especially designed as improvements upon a sewing machine for which Letters Patent US 36.932 were granted to A. G. Seaman and ourselves (as our assignees) November 11, 1862, which patent contains a full description of the operation of our machine and of the stitch formed by it. It is obvious that the details of our arrangements might be varied in many ways without departing from the spirit of our invention, which modifications would readily suggest themselves to a skillful mechanic after seeing our invention.

Assignors to themselves and Augustus G. Seaman

August 4, 1863

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US 39.443              James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The invention claimed under this patent, though applicable to other machines, is mainly designed as an improvement on a sewing machine for which Letters Patent US 36.932 were granted on November 11, 1862, to A. G. Seaman and ourselves, as our assignees, to which patent reference is made for a complete understanding of our invention as affected by the improvements herein described.

Assignors to themselves and Augustus G. Seaman

August 4, 1863

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US 39.444              James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The invention claimed under this patent, though applicable to other machines, is mainly designed as an improvement on a sewing machine for which Letters Patent US 36.932 were granted on November 11, 1862, to A. G. Seaman and ourselves, as our assignees, to which patent reference is made for a complete understanding of our invention as affected by the improvements herein described.

Assignors to themselves and Augustus G. Seaman

August 4, 1863

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US 39.445              James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The invention claimed under this patent, though applicable to other machines, is mainly designed as an improvement on a sewing machine for which Letters Patent US 36.932 were granted on November 11, 1862, to A. G. Seaman and ourselves, as our assignees, to which patent reference is made for a complete understanding of our invention as affected by the improvements herein described.

Assignors to themselves and Augustus G. Seaman

August 4, 1863

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US 40.311                             George  Rehfuss

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My invention consists in certain mechanism, described hereinafter, for making a button hole stitch from two threads. I claim as my invention and desire to secure as Letters Patent the combination of the reciprocating eye-pointed needle F, the looper N and loop-holder R, the whole being arranged and operating substantially as and for the purpose specified.

Assignor to:

C. S. Patterson, E. Pincus, A. Hart, M. Moore, A. Mitchell and H. H. Reed

October 13, 1863

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USRE 1.616                   E. A. Goodes  &  E. L. Miller

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Threads or Two Threads

The invention of the said Goodes and Miller consists, first, of a needle or loop-catcher so constructed, so arranged on a sewing machine and having such a movement that it will hold a loop of thread and convey the same from the under side of the fabric and upward across the edge of the same; secondly, in the combination of the said needle or loop-catcher with an eye-pointed needle and a hook or its equivalent; thirdly, in the combination of the said eye-pointed needle, the said loop-catcher or needle, the hook and an elastic tongue.

The above devices, which are fully described hereinafter, have been designed for forming a stitch over the edge of a fabric, or a buttonhole stitch, with one or two threads, substantially in the manner described hereinafter 

Assignors to:

C. S. Patterson, E. Pincus, A. Hart, M. Moore, A. Mitchell and H. H. Reed

February 9, 1864

Specification forming part of Letters Patent

US 24.863                                July 26, 1859

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US 41.923                       Charles Rogers  Jackson

Sewing Machine Buttonhole Stitch

The stitch consists of passing a threaded eye-pointed needle down through the cloth at a given distance from the edge, that the loop of its thread may be taken by an open or hollow hook vibrating on a center beneath the cloth or fabric. The needle then passes up about one-fourth of an inch to form a loop for the bill of the hook to enter...

March 15, 1864

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US 42.502                              Charles  Parham

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My invention relates to the construction and operation of certain mechanism applied to a sewing  machine, whereby the same machine may be used for working button-holes, as well as for sewing plain seams.

April 26, 1864

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US 43.742                             George  Rehfuss

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My invention consists of certain improvements, fully described hereinafter, in the button-hole sewing machine for which Letters Patent US 40.311 were granted to my assignees, C. S. Patterson, E. Pincus, A. Hart, M. Moore, A. Mitchell and H. H. Reed, on October 13, 1863, my present improvements being such that an expert operator can readily convert the machine from a button-hole sewing machine to a lock-stitch sewing machine and vice versa.

Assignor to the  American Button-Hole Sewing Machine Company

August 2, 1864

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US 44.217                              Charles  Parham

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

... Letters Patent  US 42.502 for improvements in sewing machines and dated April 26, 1864, were granted to me, in which many of the parts and operations of my present invention may be found and I do not propose to again describe or fully represent all of those parts and operations, but simply the improvements which I have made on said patented invention and so much of the machine as will illustrate the locality and action of the improved parts. The nature of my present invention consists, first, in a needle-guard attached to the shuttle carrier for the purpose of keeping or throwing the needle back in its recess and clear of the shuttle. The needle often, when its point strikes upon the edge of or upon the seam of any material being sewed, will glance off or out of its recess and the shuttle will then strike or catch under it and break or bend it. This guard is designed to prevent this casualty, and effectually does so...

September 13, 1864

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USRE 1.805                            Kasimir  Vogel

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The first part of my invention relates to the forming of seams suitable for button-holes or edging that the threads which pass around and over and form the edge shall be interlaced or united on both sides of the material with the seam which is formed through the material by the side of the edge and this part of my invention consists in combining with the eye-pointed needle, which carries its thread through the material for forming the seam within the edge, or what is to become the edge, a suitable instrument operating above the material and a suitable instrument operating below the material for interlacing or uniting the thread which forms the edge with the thread which forms the seam within the edge. The second part of my invention relates to the introduction of a thread or cord, termed a "bar", on the surface of the material and under, the thread or threads that connect two seams, or under the thread or threads that pass around the edge and extend to the seam with in the edge and this part of my invention consists in the employment of a suitable guide or guides for introducing and laying a thread or cord, termed a "bar", on one or both surfaces of the material and under the connecting thread or threads, in combination with the sewing mechanism or the equivalent thereof and the mechanism or the equivalent thereof for passing the thread or threads over and across the said bar or bars.

Assignor to the Union Button Hole and Embroidery Machine Company

November 1, 1864

Specification forming part of Letters Patent

US 25.692                            October 4, 1859

 

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US 45.777                             William  Weitling

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Six Threads

Improvements in sewing machines, the same being adapted to the stitching of button-holes, include an improved shuttle. In connection with the two needle-threads and shuttle-thread described, I use two additional threads, which are twisted by the operation of a revolving double-thread holder and which are interlaced with the needle-threads, so as to form a button-hole stitch.

January 3, 1865

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US 46.133                             Charles Parham

Sewing Machine Button-Hole Stitch

Be it known that I, Charles Parham, of the city and county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented or discovered a new and useful improvement in a Sewing Machine Stitch and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, marked Figure 1, making a part of this specification and which represents on an enlarged and spread-out scale the manner of interlocking the threads to form what may be denominated a “button-hole stitch". My invention consists in making the stitch in question of two threads, but with a triple lock-that is to say, by forming a loop in one of the threads and by passing a second loop of that same thread through the first loop and then passing the second thread through the second loop and drawing the slack of the threads tight up in the cloth or other material, which has been so placed and moved as to receive these stitches in regular line and succession.

January 31, 1865

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US 47.905                              George  Rehfuss

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My invention consists of certain mechanism, fully described hereinafter, for forming stitches on the edges of fabrics, such, for instance, as the edges of button-holes.

Assignor to the  American Button Hole Sewing Machine Company

May 23, 1865

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US 49.627                      Daniel  W. G.  Humphrey

of Chelsea, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My said invention is of improvements on a machine described in and secured by Letters Patent US 36.617 granted to me and bearing date October 7, 1862 and the first part of my present invention relates to an improvement on the method of regulating the spacing of the stitches by the motion imparted to the movable clamp which holds the cloth for working button-holes, by means of which improvement the mechanism is materially simplified and rendered more perfect in its action and the second part of my said invention relates to the stitching mechanism, by which it is much simplified and its operations rendered more sure and less liable to derangement. 

August 29, 1865

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US 49.745                              Jacob L.  Frey

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The nature of my said invention consists in a looping device that takes a loop of needle-thread from below the cloth and draws said loop up over the edge of the fabric and presents it to the needle as it descends the next time, so that the needle passes through the same and the bed is provided with a hook or finger, around which the loop of thread is drawn, so that the fabric is not lifted at its edge in the act of carrying the loop up over the edge of the cloth and pulling up the previous stitch tightly at the same time. The motion of the fabric as it feeds along causes the loop to draw off the end of this finger formed in the bed. This machine is particularly adapted to sewing carpets, sails, furs and similar articles, be cause the stitch produced will open out flat, there being two threads through each perforation and the loop of one stitch around the threads at the point of perforation of the next stitch, so that each stitch shows with two threads on each side when opened out flat; but this machine might be employed to form button-hole sewing, if desired. 

September 5, 1865

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US 49.803                              John N.  Tarbox

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My invention relates to mechanism for producing a double-looped or button-hole stitch, one loop being taken from the needle while it is below the cloth, over a looping-instrument that itself carries the second thread and, crossing the path of the needle, rises above the cloth, so that the needle, on its descent, takes a loop from said looper. The looper, retiring below the cloth, drops the first loop of needle-thread, which, by the movement of the needle and take up, draws up around the second or lower thread and then the looper goes forward and takes a looper of needle-thread and the sewing proceeds as before. These concatenations are effected principally by a looper that is on the arm of a rock-shaft, placed diagonally to the feeding device and at an inclination to the bed of the machine, so that the looper moves in the arc of a circle the plane of which crosses the needle, the looper entering the loop of needle-thread on one side of the needle; thence rising, passes with its point on the other side of the needle to give off a loop of its own thread, as aforesaid.

September 5, 1865

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US 50.253                      Daniel  W. G.  Humphrey

of Chelsea, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The mode of clamping and holding back the needle-thread, that the needle may draw the loop tight which was formed at the previous operation, in combination with the double-acting cam, which makes the duration of the griping operation different when the needle descends through the cloth than when it descends in the slit or by the edge of the button-hole, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

2. Holding the clamp down to the face of the table by a button, or the equivalent there. of, which at the same time acts as a guide for the motions of the clamp, substantially as described.

3. Making the curved part of the slot in the table in which the pin of the clamp works eccentric to the button which acts as a guide to the motions of the clamp, substantially as described, to admit of the required lateral motion to work the eyelets in button-holes, as described.

4. Making the pin of the clamp by which the required motions are communicated to the clamp so that it can slide up and down there in, in combination with the button that holds the clamp down to the table, substantially as described, so that the clamp can be removed from the table by drawing the pin up out of the groove in the feeding-ring and out of the slot in the table, as described.

5. The springs for spreading the cloth, in combination with the clamp, substantially as described.

6. In combination with the feeding mechanism and the clamp, the stop-lever for stopping the feed motion when the button-hole is finished, as described.

October 3, 1865

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US 50.299                                 Emil  Cajar

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

This invention relates to a button-hole sewing machine which imitates as near as possible the hand-stitch generally employed in making button-holes. One needle is employed, which passes down alternately through the cloth near the edge of the button-hole and then through the hole itself, the cloth being shifted for that purpose. Two threads are employed, one of which is carried by the eye pointed needle and the other by a circular shuttle or bobbin situated loosely in the interior of an oscillating hook. The cord of thread which is used as a bar-thread to strengthen the edge of the button-hole, is carried by a bobbin which lies in the cavity of a revolving hook. The lower thread, ordinarily used for locking the stitch, is contained on a bobbin situated in the cavity of an oscillating hook, which serves to take up the loops of the needle-thread as the same drop from the revolving hook and to pass the same over the bobbin carrying the lower thread, causing said lower thread to pass through the loops of the needle-thread in a direction opposite to the bar-thread, so that said loops are interlaced between the cord and the lower thread and when the threads are drawn tight a stitch is produced similar to that employed in making button-holes by hand. The position of the cloth on the cloth-plate is governed by a feeder which has a triple motion, viz: first, a horizontal rectilinear motion in the direction transversely to the cloth-plate, that is, in the direction in which the cloth is moved forward while sewing; second, a horizontal rectilinear motion in a direction at right angles to the for ward motion just mentioned and, third, a rotating motion. The first motion serves to feed the cloth in the ordinary manner, the second imparts to the cloth a lateral motion, causing the needle to pass down through the hole in stead of through the cloth and the third or revolving motion is employed to govern the motion of the cloth in sewing round the eye of the button-hole, this motion being substituted for the forward feed-motion at the proper intervals. While sewing the straight edges of the button-hole the circular motion of the feeder is thrown out of gear. The various motions of the feeder are adjustable, so that the same can be accommodated to button-holes of different size. If desired, the sewing machine can also be employed for ordinary or plain sewing.

Assignor to himself and John H. Thieling

October 3, 1865

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US 50.870                           Walker B.  Bartram

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

... My invention consists of certain improvements attached to a sewing machine, to adapt it to making button-holes, as hereinafter more fully described. ...

... The general construction of the machine to which my improvements are represented as being attached is that of the well-know in Wheeler & Wilson sewing machine. ...

Assignor to himself and Henry B.  Fanton

November 7, 1865

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US 50.989                              James  Emerson

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

... a new and useful machine for sewing or working buttonholes, the nature of which consists in so constructing a machine that it passes the needle and thread through the cloth in the same manner and making the same stitch as made by hand for that purpose, using a short thread long enough for one button-hole only, the needle being straight, pointed at one end and two eyes near the middle of it ...

Assignor to himself and Chas. D. McDonald

November 14, 1865

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US 51.086                            George  Rehfuss

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My invention consists of devices fully described hereinafter, designed with the view of readily changing a sewing machine for forming a button-hole stitch into a machine for making the ordinary lock-stitch. 

November 21, 1865

Reissued

US RE 5.260               January 28, 1873

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USRE 2.245        Bartram & Fanton Manufacturing Company

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The invention consists, first, in working by machinery stitches across an end of a button hole slit at right angles to its length, for the purpose of staying and strengthening said button-hole; second, in stitching by machinery button-holes having no rounded opening at the end of the slit cut in the fabric and in perfectly finishing the same at the ends of the slit and fastening the ends of the thread without using a hand-needle; third, in devices which enable me to work button-holes with round ends; fourth, in the adaptation of devices for accomplishing these purposes.

Button-holes may be divided into two classes: first, those which have round ends, such as are commonly made in garments constructed of thick cloth, in which it is also common to enlarge one end of the button-hole in the form of an eyelet, for the better accommodation of the shank of the button; second, those which are made with square ends and commonly strengthened and finished by stitches which pass from one side over to the other in the form of a bar across each end. These are seen in garments of linen or other thin fabrics.

Assignees, by Mesne Assignments of Walker B. Bartram

May 15, 1866

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US 55.688                                John McCloskey

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The object of this invention is to produce a button-hole sewing machine. It is here shown applied to a Wheeler & Wilson sewing machine, the hook patented by J. McCloskey,  US 48.345June 20, 1865 and represented in Fig. 10, being put in the usual place of the bobbin of the machine when a certain kind of stitch is to be made, as hereinafter explained. 

June 19, 1866

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US 55.863               James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

... It is the object of our invention to work a button-hole and finish it on both sides without turning the fabric in which it is worked, which has hitherto been a desideratum in this class of machines and which gives to the button hole machine a largely-increased capability for rapid work, besides rendering the working of button-holes strictly automatic ...

June 26, 1866

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US 55.864               James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

... It is the object of our invention to sew button-holes automatically by a mechanism capable of being effectively attached, with either side up, to any sewing machine that can impart a horizontal reciprocatory motion suitable for working our devices ...

June 26, 1866

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US 55.865              James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

... It is the object of our invention to work button-holes automatically and to this end our invention consists, first, in operating the feeding and vibrating the cloth-holding mechanism from a spooling-pin screwed into and forming a continuation of the main shaft of the sewing-machine; second ...

June 26, 1866

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US 55.866              James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

It is of primary importance in sewing by machinery to have the cloth held rigidly at the point where it receives the stitches, that it may properly receive the puncture of the needle and the pull of the thread in tightening the stitch and this is in re especially necessary in stitching button-holes automatically. It is therefore the object of our invention to hold the material to be sewed beneath the needle so that it shall be stretched and held taut in the line to receive the stitching and to this end our invention consists in surrounding the opening in the table through which the needle passes with india-rubber and so forming the clamp that while holding the material to be stitched it shall be pressed upon the rubber and held taut to receive the stitches with an elastic pressure that will act uniformly, though the material being sewed may be of varying thicknesses. 

June 26, 1866

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US 57.451                         James Moore Clements

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

This invention has reference mainly to machines of the class employed for working or stitching button and eyelet holes, as well as for embroidery and other like work, though parts of these improvements are capable also of being applied to ordinary sewing machines, its peculiar adaptability for working button-holes, eyelet-holes and for embroidery being obtained by an arrangement of mechanical appliances constituted to turn the fabric automatically as the needle is required to work the eyelet or the circular head of a button-hole, instead of requiring the fabric to be turned by hand and also to make the stitches with a purl upon the edges of each side of the material by a lock-stitch.

August 21, 1866

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US 61.533                       E. A.  Goodes & E. L. Miller

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

Our invention consists in the arrangement and combination, described hereafter, of an inclined vibrating needle-arm, eye-pointed needle and a vibrating loop-holder or carrier for making a button-hole stitch over the edges of fabrics. ...

... It will now be seen that the loop-carrier will convey loops of thread from the under side and upwards across the edge of the fabric to be locked to the same by the needle-thread and that the stitch produced is precisely the same as the double-threaded stitch described in our patent of July 26, 1859, reissued February 9, 1864

Assignors to the

American Button-Hole Machine Company

Assignors to the

American Button-Hole, Cording, Braiding and Embroidering Machine Co.

January 29, 1867

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US 61.711                                       Cajar

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

February 5, 1867

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US 62.520                                    Bartram

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

March 5, 1867

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US 69.671             Edmund Howard & William H. Jackson

Attachment for Making a Button-Hole Stitch

The present invention relates to an attachment for sewing machines and for that class of such machines more particularly known as the "shuttle-machines" or those in which two threads are employed to form the stitch, the object and purpose of the attachment being to produce a "button-hole stitch", so called, along and over the edge of the goods or materials as it is being sewed therein.

October 8, 1867

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US 72.974                               William Chicken

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

This invention is an improvement on the button-hole machine made under the United States Letters Patent US 49.627 granted for the invention of Daniel W. G. Humphrey(David Wood Green Humphrey) August 29, 1865 and Letters Patent US 50.253 granted October 3, 1865 and now generally known as the “Union Button-Hole Machine” and it relates specially to an improvement in the means for rotating the disk which operates the cloth clamp or holder, to effect the feed of the work and present properly the edges of the cut in the material to the action of the stitch-forming mechanism. In said machines the cloth-clamp is moved by the conjoined action thereon of a cam-groove cut in a rotating disk intermittently operating on a pin, which passes through a slot of peculiar form cut through a fixed plate placed over said rotating disk. This disk in the Union Button Hole Machines receives its rotation from a pawl acting on ratchet-teeth cut in the edge of the disk the fault of this being that the disk can only be moved in rotation at each inter mission an amount or angle which is deter mined by the action of the pawl on one, two, or more teeth, there being no way in which the movement of the disk can be made through the space represented by any fraction of one of the ratchet-teeth.

The object of my invention is to remedy the defect mentioned by providing a means by which the movements of the disk may be made whatever is desired, instead of being confined to fixed divisions of a circle, like those of ratchet-teeth.

January 7, 1868

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US 76.323                               M. C.  Gritzner

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One or Two Threads

Be it known that I, M. C.  Gritzner, a citizen of the United States, temporarily residing at Bruchsal, in the Grand Duchy of Baden, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mechanism for Making Button-Holes and zigzag ornaments, sewing around edges, &c., said mechanism being applicable to various systems of one and two-thread sewing machines without changing their character as ordinary sewing machines, for which I applied for a patent in the Empire of France in the month of September, 1867 and which I desire to secure by Letters Patent in the United States of America and I hereby declare the following to be a full, clear and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings. The object I have in view in this invention is to produce a mechanism possessing the character of an accessory to a sewing machine and applicable to various systems of sewing machines, either as a permanent fixture or as a mechanism capable of being removed in an easy and simple manner by any person of common experience in the use of sewing machines, said mechanism serving to make button-holes, zigzag ornaments and similar work, or to sew around edges.

April 7, 1868

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US 78.821                             Rufus H.  Peabody

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My improvement is upon what is called the “clamp", used in said machines for holding, spreading, moving and guiding the button-hole under the needle in the process of stitching and consists in a new mode of spreading the jaws of said clamp.

June 9, 1868

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US 79.393                           Henry E. Reynolds

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

The object I have in view in this invention is to furnish a machine by which button-holes in clothing may be worked and completed with the same facility with which any other kind of sewing is done on the same garments and in doing this I have succeeded in forming, by machinery, the ordinary hand button-hole stitch, which it is conceded is the best which has ever been discovered for the purpose. My invention consists in such a construction and arrangement of parts as enables me to accomplish the object in view, as will be hereinafter more fully described. 

June 30, 1868

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US 80.520                               Kasimir  Vogel

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The nature of my invention consists in an improved mechanism designed to be attached to and operated in connection with common plain sewing machines and by means of such attachment said machines may be used for stitching button-holes and other over-edge work and embroidery, as hereinafter described. 

Assignor to Eben W. Lothrop

July 28, 1868

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US 84.589                 Jonathan Sprague & Alva T. Hill

Attachment for Making a Button-Hole Stitch

The object of this invention is to provide an attachment for sewing machines, for vibrating the needle for button-hole stitching, felling, or any similar work requiring a side stitch. It consists in arranging the needle-holder so as to be vibrated automatically, to change the position of the needle at each downward motion; also, in an arrangement of mechanism for effecting the said vibration.

December 1, 1868

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US 87.338              James A. House  &  Henry A. House

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

Our invention relates to that class of sewing machines in which a zigzag stitch is formed by imparting to the material being sewed, a lateral reciprocating movement in addition to its usual feed-movement. Its object is so to regulate the length of the loop of the needle-thread as, alternately, to slacken and tighten the thread, to prevent the needle from being deflected by the vibration of the cloth; to which ends, the invention herein claimed, consists in a novel method of combining, with a sewing machine, mechanism, arranged below the cloth-plate, to draw of a sufficient quantity of needle-thread to allow for the vibrations of the cloth and, as the needle is about to enter the cloth, to slacken the thread, to prevent it from drawing the needle aside. The accompanying drawings make part of this specification and show our invention as adapted to a Wheeler & Wilson machine and also to a machine for making button-holes, for which Letters Patent US 55.865June 26, 1866 and Letters Patent US 56.224, July 10, 1866 were granted to us.

Assignors to the Wheeler & Wilson Manufacturing Company

March 2, 1869

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US 87.409                                 Harrison

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

March 2, 1869

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US 88.282                                 Dunbar

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

March 30, 1869

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US 90.528                                     Gutman

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

May 25, 1869

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US 92.965                        Alexander Harroun Jr.

Attachment for Making a Button-Hole Stitch

My improvement consists of a device intended to take the place of the foot or cloth-presser of the sewing machine in common use, besides doing other things hereafter to be mentioned.

July 27, 1869

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US 94.212             Edmund Howard & William H. Jackson

Attachment for Making a Button-Hole Stitch

Our invention relates to certain improvements on an attachment for sewing machines for which Letters Patent US 69.671, dated October 8, 1867, were granted to us and of that class known as the "shuttle-machines", in which two threads are employed to form the stitch. The object of the attachment for which these Letters Patent were granted was to produce a perfect button-hole stitch, similar in its general characteristics to that produced by hand-sewing.

August 31, 1869

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US 95.320                            William  Carpenter

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

My invention is intended particularly as an improvement upon the “Singer sewing machine” and consists in giving to the needle a reciprocating motion on the needle-bar, as well as a vertical motion with said needle-bar, where by I am enabled to make button-holes, over seam, embroider, &c. This I accomplish by attaching the needle to a sliding bar, which bar moves on another bar, that is secured to the lower end of the needle-bar, said sliding bar, to which the needle is attached, obtaining its reciprocating motion from a vibrating finger mounted upon an adjustable plate, attached to the presser-foot or its attachments.

September 28, 1869

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US 97.014       George Baldwin Woodruff & George Browing

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

... The chief object of this invention is to insure that the edges of the button-hole to be sewed shall, before the act of sewing commences, be in the exact position required relatively to the reciprocating movements of the needle. This end we propose to obtain by cutting the button-hole while the work is held firmly in the clamp which presents it to the action of the needle and, when requisite, we propose to expand the cult hole by the lateral expansion of an upper and lower pair of clamping-jaws of peculiar construction, which, under all circumstances, will impart the requisite pressure to the work. ...

... The above-named improvement of cutting the button-holes while the work is clamped and in position for sewing, we should remark, applies to button-hole sewing machines generally; but the improvement in the expanding-clamp has reference to the construction of clamp used in what is known as the “Union button-hole and embroidery machine". ...

... In illustrating that part of our invention which relates to the cutting of the button-holes in situ, we will first explain the manner of carrying it out, by reference to the Union-button-hole and embroidering machine, patented in England, March 20, 1865, GB 776 (David Wood Green Humphrey of Chelsea, Massachusetts, United States of America) and we will then, as a further example, show the manner of adapting the cutting apparatus to the Woodruff button-hole sewing machine, patented in England July 25, 1866, GB 1.936. (George Baldwin Woodruff of Cheapside, in the City of London)

Assignor to the Singer Manufacturing Company

November 16, 1869

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US 97.856                             Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to feed the cloth to the needle of any sewing machine in such a way that the stitches made by the machine, whether loop or lock, single or double chain stitch, shall be laid on each edge and the ends of the button-hole in a series parallel to each other and at right angles to the button-hole, so as to form the requisite binding for it. What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The screw having the eccentric thereon, in combination with the cloth-clamp and oscillating plate, as and for the purposes described.

2. The cloth-clamp, the rest, the spring and presser in combination, substantially as and for the purposes described.

3. The cloth-clamp and its operating screw, in combination with the double rack, the ratchet and cog-wheels, substantially as and for the purposes described.

4. The connecting-plate, the oscillating plate and the lever and cam in combination, substantially as and for the purposes described.

5. The cam V and carrier T, in combination  with the sliding ratchet, for changing its position and changing the movement of the clamp, substantially as described.

December 14, 1869

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US 102.586                           Rufus H.  Peabody

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

My invention is applicable to what is called the “Union Button-hole-stitching Machine,” manufactured by the Union Button-Hole and Embroidery Machine Company” of Boston, Massachusetts and consists in a new form and construction of the “under needle and looper” used in said machine...

... There are two kinds of said machines constructed termed “narrow-gauge" and “broad-gauge' machines. The distinction is that the “broad-gauge" machine stitches farther into the cloth around the button-hole, as some classes of goods and garments require a deeper and firmer stitch than others. The broad-gauge machine requires more space be tween the the needle and looper-points a and b than the narrow gauge requires, consequently, by the old method of constructing these parts in one inseparable piece, there have to be two kinds, corresponding to the two gauges of machines. In practical use the under needle is sometimes bro ken in consequence of the upper needle's getting sprung, or improperly set and coming in contact with the under needle. When such accident happens to the old form of under needle now in use, it render's useless the looper also, they being inseparable, and an entire new part has to be supplied. Now, my improvement, as shown in figs. 2 and 3, is designed to obviate, first, the necessity of having two kinds of under needle and looper, adapted, respectively, to narrow and broad-gauge machines and, secondly, the necessity of throwing away the whole part when the needle-point at only is broken...

... What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is an under needle and looper, constructed in separate pieces and parts, said pieces and parts being attached and adjusted to each other, substantially in the manner and for the purposes described. 

May 3, 1870

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US 103.745           Edmund Howard & William H. Jackson

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

Our invention relates to sewing machines and the invention consists in certain mechanical devices to be attached to and operated by and with an ordinary sewing machine, for the purpose of working button-holes or sewing over the edge of fabrics, as hereinafter more fully explained.

May 31, 1870

Reissued

January 13, 1874         US RE 5.728

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US 104.590                                Henrickson

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

June 21, 1870

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US 104.630                                  Nasch

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

June 21, 1870

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US 107.001                               Chicken

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

September 6, 1870

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US 110.669                              Moreau

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

January 3, 1871

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US 110.739                       Sherman  Cleminshaw

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

My invention relates to that class of sewing machines which is used to make button-holes and more particularly on linen goods, such as collars, cuffs, &c. and its nature consists, first, in a needle so arranged that while it moves through the goods it is rigid, but when above the goods, or while standing still in the same, it is loose; second, in the construction of a combined shuttle and needle; third, in the mode of securing the combined shuttle and needle to the needle-arm; fourth, in the construction and arrangement of the twister, for forming the loop below the goods after the needle has passed through the same; fifth, in the mode of operating the twister; sixth, in the construction and arrangement of a carrier, which takes the loop from the twister and passes it over the shuttle and seventh, in the construction and arrangement of an elongated presser-foot, with lever attached, all of which will be hereinafter more fully set forth.

January 3, 1871

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US 110.790                                  Robinson

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

January 3, 1871

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US 111.447                                 Garrick

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

January 31, 1871

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US 115.163                                    Chicken

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

May 23, 1871

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US 115.857                     Daniel W. G. Humphrey

of Chelsea, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

My present invention is an improvement upon the machine patented by me, Letters Patent US 36.617 dated October 7, 1862 and consists in a new device for feeding or moving along the clamp which holds the work to be stitched and thus spacing the stitches regularly on the edges of the button-hole....

...In my former invention. I used a single feed wheel, lying horizontally in a recess in the table under the slotted plate on which the clamp moved, and operated the clamp, in some respects, similar to my present mode. That device is very restricted in its range of work and a change of feed-wheels is necessary to adapt the machine to fine, medium and coarse stitching....

...My present invention is a more simple and less expensive mode of attaining the desired result and enlarges the range of the machine for practical work....

I claim as my invention:

The two separate feed-cams for spacing the stitches on the sides of the button-hole, in combination with an intermediate ring for spacing the stitches around the eye of the button-hole, substantially as described.

Assignor to himself and Eugene Humphrey

June 13, 1871

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US 117.364                          Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

Be it known that I, Samuel  J.  Baird, of Waynesborough, in the county of Augusta and State of Virginia, have invented certain improvements in my Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine patent US 97.856 December 14, 1869, of which the following is a specification: My invention relates to improvements in a device heretofore patented by me for attachment to the work-plate of a sewing machine to convert the latter into a machine for overseaming or working button-holes and my improvements, which are too fully described hereafter to need particular explanation here, have been designed with the view of rendering the machine less expensive, more reliable, easily manipulated by unskilled persons and more efficient. 

July 25, 1871

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US 120.855                                   Chicken

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

November 14, 1871

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US 121.328                                      Burnam

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

 

November 28, 1871

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US 121.477                                 Wilkins

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

 

December 5, 1871

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US 123.348                     Daniel W. G. Humphrey

of Chelsea, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

Improvements upon the Button-Hole-Stitching Machine patented by me October 7, 1862, which are designed to be used in connection with the improvements patented by me June 13, 1871, for the production of the edge-finish or button hole stitch also patented by me October 7, 1862 and to facilitate the practical working of button-holes in garments with said stitch. My present invention, which is represented in the accompanying drawing, consists in new mechanical devices and in new arrangements and combinations of mechanical devices, for accomplishing in a more practical and better manner the results sought to be accomplished by my said original machine. 

Assignor to Eugene Humphrey

February 6, 1872

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US 123.742                                      Tait

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

 

February 13, 1872

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US 124.252                                      Chicken

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

March 5, 1872

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US RE 4.794                        Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to feed a fabric to the needle of the sewing machine in such a way as to insure a series of stitches being laid by the needle around the edge of a button-hole in the fabric and my invention consists of a device which may be attached to the work-plate of an ordinary sewing machine so as to be operated by the needle-arm and which will carry the fabric in such a manner as to insure the desired distribution of the stitches. I claim:

1. An attachment for sewing machines, carrying a clamp for holding a fabric and the devices described, or their equivalents, whereby the movements of the clamp are imparted from the overhanging needle-arm of the machine.

2. In an attachment for sewing machines, the combination of a clamp, J K, a screw-shaft carrying a cam and a nut and to which an intermittent rotary motion in either direction is imparted and the devices described, or their equivalents, whereby the clamp is carried longitudinally and oscillated by the action of the said shaft, its cam and nut.

3. The combination of the said shaft A and the adjusting devices described, or their equivalents, whereby the shaft may be driven in either direction from the needle-arm of the machine.

4. The combination of the reciprocating clamp and a plate N, arranged to receive the presser-foot of the machine and to bear upon the clamp, substantially as described.

5. The combination of the said plate N and the shaft E2, to which the plate is connected so as to be adjustable, as set forth.

6. The combination of the adjusting devices, or their equivalents, for simultaneously changing the motion of the shaft A and the lateral position of the clamp.

7. The lugs adjustable on the plate C, substantially as and for the purpose described.

March 12, 1872

Specification forming part of Letters Patent

US 97.856                       December 14, 1869

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US 125.394                            Humphrey

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

April 9, 1872

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US 127.675                          Braunbeck

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

June 11, 1872

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US 128.363                       Sherman  Cleminshaw

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

The nature of my invention consists in certain improvements upon the button-hole sewing machine for which Letters Patent US 110.739 were granted to me January 3, 1871 and which machine uses one thread which passes from a shuttle having an eye-pointed needle and carried and operated by the needle-bar, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth. 

June 25, 1872

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US 132.968                                   Langmaid

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

November 12, 1872

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US 134.345                            Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

 

December 31, 1872

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US 134.346                            Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to simplify and perfect the details in the construction of the attachment for button-hole sewing machines for which Letters Patent US 117.364 were granted to me on July 25, 1871In my said attachment it is necessary to reverse the movement of the feed-screw simultaneously with the change in the axis of oscillation of the cloth-holder. By the first of these changes the longitudinal movement of the cloth under the needle is reversed and by the other the cloth is so shifted as to bring the opposite side of the button-hole under the needle. 

December 31, 1872

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US 134.347                            Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

My invention relates to improvements in the button-hole attachment for sewing machines patent US 117.364 granted to me on July 25, 1871 and the object of my invention is to simplify the mechanism by which the reciprocating longitudinal movement is imparted from the needle arm or bar to the cloth holder or clamp.

December 31, 1872

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US 134.558                                  Moreau

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

January 7, 1873

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US RE 5.260                          George  Rehfuss

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The main object of my invention is to make with one sewing machine either the ordinary lock-stitch or a button-hole stitch. ...

... It may be advisable for the better illustration of my invention to refer in the outset to the mode of making the button-hole stitch, which is similar to that described in the patent US 47.905 allowed to my assignees on the 31st day of December 31, 1864 and granted to them on May 23, 1865, ...

January 28, 1873

Specification forming part of Letters Patent

US 51.086                     November 21, 1865

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USRE 5.306                                 Howard

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

 

March 4, 1873

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US 136.702                                  Chicken

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

March 11, 1873

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USRE 5.336                                   Howard

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

 

March 25, 1873

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US 137.689                                Kallmeyer

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

April 8, 1873

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US 139.745                           Joseph T.  Tobey

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

The machine is for the performance of what is termed in common parlance an "overstitch" or an "over-and-over stitch".

In the said machine I claim as my invention as follows, viz.:

the combination of the curved and hooked needle I, the hooked finger N, the furcated presser L, the loop-seizer P and the lazy-tongs T, all arranged and operated substantially as specified.

June 10, 1873

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US 139.770                     Sherman  Cleminshaw

Button-Hole Sewing Machine One Thread

My present invention is intended as an improvement upon the Button-Hole Sewing-Machine for which Letters Patent US 128.363 were granted to me June 25, 1872, antedated June 15, 1872 and the nature of my invention consists, first, in a device for automatically opening and closing the jaws of the cloth-holder; second, in the mechanism for rotating said cloth-holder; third, in a device for beating the stitch over the edge of the goods; fourth, in a gage for adjusting the cloth on the holder; fifth, in a device for raising the shuttle up far enough to permit the loop to pass freely under and out of the shuttle-case and sixth, in the take-up device, all of which will be hereinafter more fully set forth.  

 June 10, 1873

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US 141.987                                Helen A.  Blanchard

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

The present invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in sewing machines, having for their principal object the forming of an overstitch that may be adapted to either fine or coarse work. My improvements consist, mainly, of a series of mechanical devices connected with a sewing machine and arranged and operated as will be hereinafter more fully explained, so as to give a progressive and lateral movement to a feed, to place the material so that the needle will descend through and then outside of the work, so as to form an over or button-hole stitch. These improvements also consist in a device, arranged and operated as will be duly described, for varying the depth of the stitch, so as to be used for fine or coarse work and of a device for disconnecting the operation of my improvements to allow the ordinary working of the machine for its customary sewing. 

August 19, 1873

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US 144.672                             Hansen

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

 

November 18, 1873

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US 146.000                             John F. Haskins

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

My invention is an improvement upon the Howard and Jackson attachment, described in Letters Patent US 103.745, dated May 31, 1870

December 30, 1873

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US RE 5.728         Edmund Howard & William H. Jackson

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

Our invention relates to the mechanism for looping the under thread of sewing machines over the edge of the fabric and is an improvement upon that heretofore patented to us. The principle of our present attachment is the same as that of the attachment described in our Letters Patent US 69.671, dated October 8, 1867, so far as causing the device for catching the under thread to form a part of the throat of the machine is concerned and the same as that of the attachment described in our Letters Patent US 94.212, dated August 31, 1869, so far as using an eye, instead of a hook, for this device is concerned and our present invention consists in certain improvements upon those attachments, mostly in matters of detail. 

Assignors, by Mesne assignments, to Henry E. Townsend, Charles P. Brigham and George W. Simmons

January 13, 1874

Specification forming part of Letters Patent

US 103.745                              May 31, 1870

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US 147.387                                   Goodes

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

February 10, 1874

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US 151.380                                        Graff

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

May 26, 1874

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US 152.055                                  Wensley

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

June 16, 1874

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US 152.231                                   Humphrey

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

 

June 23, 1874

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US 156.048                                  Vogel

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

 

October 20, 1874

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US 159.740                           Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

They apply to that class of attachments in which a clamp or cloth-holder receives a combined lateral oscillation and longitudinal reciprocation, by which it is moved forward during the working of one side of the button-hole and backward during the working of the other. 

February 16, 1875

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US 206.768                            Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

My invention relates to improvements in button-hole attachments of the same class as those shown and described in sundry Letters Patent of the United States heretofore granted me, my present invention resembling, more or less, in general features of construction and mode of operation, the inventions shown in such patents, among which may be mentioned

Reissue US RE 4.794, of March 12, 1872;

Patent US 117.364, of July 25, 1871;

Patent US 134.346 and Patent US 134.347, of December 31, 1872 and

Patent US 159.740, of February 16, 1875.

My improvements consist in novel organizations of parts and certain combinations of devices hereinafter first fully described and then specifically designated by the claims. I claim as of my own invention:

1. The combination of the chambered turret, the single ratchet-wheel inclosed therein, the crown-wheel also inclosed in the turret, the screw-shaft on which the ratchet-wheel and clown-wheel are mounted in contact with each other and the covering-plate closing the opening into the turret and confining the ratchet and crown-wheel therein, all substantially as hereinbefore set forth, whereby the parts are protected, confined in a small space and may readily be removed.

2. The combination of the turret, the ratchet-wheel, the driving-shafts, the adjustable cross bar connecting the driving-shafts and the rod adjustably connected with said bar, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

3. The combination of the casing having a chambered turret, the reciprocating driving shafts, the single ratchet-wheel, the vertically rotating crown-wheel connected to the ratchet and inclosed with it in the turret, the horizontal master-wheel engaging with the crown wheel beneath the casing top and at the base of the turret, the vertical cam-shaft E and its pinion driven directly by the master-wheel, substantially as and for the purpose described.

4. The combination, substantially as herein before set forth, of the intermittently-operated ratchet-wheel, the crown-wheel, the master wheel driven thereby, the cam-shaft E, its pinion, the cloth-clamp-oscillating lever pivoted at its heel and its cam-frame or shifting-plate provided with a slot in which the two wipers of the cam-shaft operate, in the manner specified.

5. The combination, substantially as herein before set forth, of the cloth-clamp-oscillating lever pivoted at its heel, the cam-frame or shifting-plate having the inclined slot G' in its front end, the cam-shaft E, working in said slot and provided with the wipers h h', the adjusting-landle or turning-lever interlocking with the casing top, and its crank-arm and pill engaging the slot in the rear end of the shifting-plate.

6. The combination of the oscillating lever F, pivoted at its heel, the reciprocating cloth-clamp, the double-racked plate, the rack-engaging pinion, the rack-adjusting frame L, the cam-frame or shifting-plate by which the lever F is oscillated and the handle or turning lever operating both the said cam-frame and the adjusting-frame, these members being constructed and operating substantially as hereinbefore set forth.

7. The combination, substantially as herein before set forth, of the double-racked bar, its adjusting-frame slotted at the rear, the crank working in said slot, the bent rod connected to said frame at front and turning in the casing and the lug on the heel of the frame between which and the crank the rod passes.

8. The combination of the master-wheel, the pinion on its shaft, the great pinion driven thereby, the rack-pinion and the laterally-adjustable rack-bar, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

Assignor to George Trull

August 6, 1878

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US 207.173           James W. Furbush  &  John Perley

Feeding Devices for Button-Hole Sewing Machine

The invention consists of a mechanical movement whereby segmental and differential gearings are employed to produce, as required and in the same work, both slow and rapid motion. Without change of action in the machinery and which movement is particularly adapted to that class of machines used for stitching button-holes and which machine we take to illustrate said mechanical movement and as applied to said machine we say our invention consists of a mechanical movement applied to a button-hole stitching-machine and this movement as applied to said machine is effected by means of segmental and differential gearing in combination with a cam. As we make no claim of invention or improvement in said button-hole stitching machine, except in the movement of the feeding mechanism, we shall confine our specification, so far as we can, to that part of the machine, adopting the devices for communicating motion already in use. Our invention also relates particularly to that class of button-hole machines where the needle-carrying box is moved laterally after each stitch by means of a cam.

No button hole stitching machine of this class was in use prior to that invented by Daniel W. G. Humphrey, patent US 36.617 dated October 7, 1862.

In June 13, 1871, said Daniel W. G. Humphrey also obtained Letters Patent US 115.857 for improvements upon his first invention.

What we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination of the external gearing E and F, which are secured to the shaft J, with the segmental gearing D, which has abutments f and g, the segmental gearing D and the hub H, all combined together substantially in the manner and for the purpose shown and described.

2. In a button-hole stitching-machine, the driving gear-wheel F, secured to the shaft J, the segmental gear E, secured to said gear-wheel F, the segmental gear D, provided with abutments f and g and the semicircular gear D, revolving about the hub H, in combination with the cam C, substantially in the manner and for the purpose shown and described.

August 20, 1878

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US 222.089                          James F. Snediker

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

My invention relates to certain improvements in that class of sewing machine attachments in which a needle-carrying slide on the needle-bar is combined with a lever and a reversible tappet or dog, whereby the needle is shifted laterally on the vertical reciprocation of the needle-bar, the objects of my invention being to prevent the tappet or dog from being entangled with the thread, to regulate the movement of said tappet or dog and of the slide and to provide for the convenient introduction of a cord in the sewing of button holes. 

Assignor to the National Sewing Machine Company (limited)

November 25, 1879

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US 239.367                            Frank W.  Cross

Button-Hole Sewing Machine Two Threads

In making the button-hole stitch the needle crosses its thread over the re-enforcing cord and confines it in place around the button hole, all of which is well understood by persons skilled in the construction and use of button-hole sewing machines.

March 29, 1881

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US 240.546                               John  Reece

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

This invention relates to sewing machines for stitching button-holes and is an improvement upon that class of the said machines wherein the stitching mechanism is made to travel first along one side of the button-hole slit, then about the eye and along the other side of the slit.

 Assignor, by Mesne Assgnments, to

The Reece Button Hole Sewing Machine Company

April 26, 1881

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 US 242.462                            John W.  Lufkin

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

This invention in button-hole sewing machines is an improvement on that class of machine represented in United States Patents US 49.627 and US 115.857 and US 123.348, to which reference may be had. My present invention consists, essentially, in a needle-bar-carrying head, supported to be vibrated about a vertical axis and the needle bar, its needle and thread-nippers carried by the needle-bar, combined with means to reciprocate the needle-bar and vibrate the said head in the arc of a horizontal circle and with an intermittingly-operated cloth holding and moving clamp. 

June 7, 1881

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US 252.984                          William W. Abbott

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

My invention consists of certain mechanism to be used in connection with a sewing machine for stitching button-holes ...

... the said slide being combined with and actuated by a device for which Letters Patent US 222.089 were granted to the assignee of this invention November 25, 1879. This mechanism forms no part of my present invention; hence it will suffice to remark that the needle, independently of its vertical reciprocating movement, has an intermittent horizontal reciprocating motion, so as to make what is known as the “glove-stitch”. ...

...as in all ordinary Singer sewing machine. ...

... It may be remarked here that a cloth-plate with a rack-plate beneath it like that described is shown in Singer's English Patent, GB 132 of 1863, for button-hole-feed mechanism. ...

Assignor to the National Sewing Machine Company (limited)

January 31, 1882

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US 256.817

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US 262.756                             Franklin Foell

Sewing Machine

My invention relates to an improvement in that class of sewing machines in which two horizontal levers are pivoted to the under side of the base-plate, one lever for operating the shuttle and the other for actuating the feed-dog, the Patent US 246.753, granted to the assignees of George S. Rominger, April 18, 1882, affording an example of shuttle and feed levers of this class. 

Assignor to the

American Button-Hole, Overseaming and Sewing Machine Company

August 15, 1882

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US 268.621

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US 271.405                Charles Beuttel & Philip P. Braüch

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

This invention relates to those sewing machines which are provided with attachments for stitching an extra cord around a button hole, said cord being applied to the rear side of the latter, in order that the garment may present the same finished appearance both in front and rear and our improvement consists in coupling the leader of this extra cord to the machine in such a manner as to enable the free end of said leader to be swung upwardly and rearwardly for the purpose of affording the most convenient access to the needle and to the work on the cloth-plate, as hereinafter in ore fully described and pointed out in the claims. Another feature of our invention consists in providing the leader-sheath with a lug, against which latter bears a spring that maintains the attachment both in its effective end inoperative positions, as hereinafter more fully described and pointed out in the claims. Our invention further consists in arranging the leader so as to be retracted a sufficient distance and locked to the sheath when not in use, a spiral spring being fitted within this sheath for the purpose of maintaining the protruded leader in contact with the goods, as hereinafter more fully described and pointed out in the claims....

... "A" represents the cloth-plate, "B" the arm, "C" the needle, "D" the upper thread, "E" the lower thread and "F" the ordinary cord, of a machine such as furnished by the Union Button-Hole Sewing Machine Company, of Boston, Massachusetts. ...

Assignors to One-Third to Henry Newburgh

January 30, 1883

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US 277.755                            John W.  Lufkin

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

This invention has for its object improvements in mechanism for operating the cloth holding and feeding clamp, in mechanism for vibrating the needle-bar, in take-up mechanism, in novel mechanism for operating the loop spreader and in mechanism for cutting the button-holes while held in the feeding-clamp, as will be hereinafter set forth.

... next descent pass over the edge of the fabric, as in my patent US 242.462, June 7, 1881, to which reference may be had, the extent of vibration of the head and ... 

May 15, 1883

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US 296.626                       George S. Rominger

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

My invention relates to certain improvements in the “American Button-Hole Sewing Machine", my improvements comprising certain details in the construction of different parts of the machine, as described hereinafter.

Assignor to the

American Button Hole, Overseaming & Sewing Machine Co. 

April 8, 1884

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US 310.911                               George Rehfuss

Button Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

This invention has relation to button-hole sewing machines of that class wherein the zig zag stitching forming the button-hole is produced by causing the needle to change its position from side to side before each stitch is made. The invention has for its object the provision of means for accomplishing the change of position of the needle and it consists in the novel construction and combination of parts, hereinafter described and comprises devices attached to the head of the machine and to the needle-bar, which operate in conjunction to cause the needle-holder to reciprocate laterally before each downward movement and thereby produce the desired effect. 

January 20, 1885

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US 310.915                             William Schott

Button Hole Attachment

This invention is designed as an improvement on the button-hole attachment for sewing machines for which Letters Patent of the United States, Serial No. 98.778, were allowed me on 27th of October 1883 (Patent US 292.591 dated January 29, 1884). The objects of this invention are to regulate the speed of the form-plate by automatically operating mechanism, to provide improved devices for operating the reciprocating plate, to provide an improved device for barring the end of a button-hole and an improved device for holding and guiding a cording thread or cord and for assuring an even and regular looped button-hole stitch and also to provide improved cloth-clamps and button-hole form plates for such attachments as are respectively designed for light or domestic work and for heavy or manufacturing work. 

Assignor to the Schott Button Hole Attachment Company

January 20, 1885

Patented in:

England, GB 2.313 January 29, 1884

Fiance, F 159.997 January 29, 1884

Belgium, B 63.985 January 9, 1884

Canada, CA 18.712 February 26, 1884

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US 322.428                               Philip  Diehl

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

My invention relates to that class of button hole sewing machines in which the fabric is held in a clamp while the button-hole is being cut, the clamp and fabric being afterward moved over the work-plate of the machine by a suitable feeding mechanism in the proper directions to enable the stitch-forming mechanism to work the button-hole. The object of my invention is to improve the button-hole-cutting mechanism; to provide means for bringing the cloth-clamp into proper adjustment relative to the cutting knife when the button-hole is to be cut; to remedy an existing objection in the work plates by which the cloth-clamps are sustained and guided by providing such plates with removable guiding-buttons and to improve the feeding mechanism by which the cloth-clamp is traversed over the work-plate. 

Assignor to the Singer Manufacturing Company

July 21, 1885

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US 360.433                         James G.  Greene

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to provide a simple and effective mechanism for automatically barring button-holes after they have been otherwise completely finished by the stitch forming mechanism of a button-hole sewing machine. To this end I mount the guiding button for the work-clamp on a slide which is at the proper moment automatically thrown into action, so as to reciprocate the said work clamp across the line of feed and in opposition to the lateral reciprocating movement of the needle-bar of the machine and thus form a bar across the end of the otherwise finished button-hole to fully complete the same.

...I do not wish to be understood as claiming, broadly, an automatic mechanism for reciprocating the cloth-clamp of a button-hole sewing machine across the line of the feeding movement of said clamp for the purpose of barring button-holes which have been other wise completed, as I am aware that such an invention is shown by the application of Charles S. Jordan, No. 170.486, filed July 2, 1885; but in Jordan's machine the work-plate which supports the cloth-clamp and which carries the button for guiding the latter is made movable and is reciprocated to give the clamp the proper barring movements, while in my machine the work-plate is stationary, but the guiding-button is movable independently of said plate...

Assignor to the Singer Manufacturing Company

April 5, 1887

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US 360.434                         James G.  Greene

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to provide a simple and effective mechanism for automatically barring the ends of eyelet button-holes which have been otherwise finished by a button-hole sewing machine and for automatically stopping the machine when the barring operation is completed, or, if desired, for stop ping the machine when a button-hole is worked without barring the same. In the drawings, is a sectional elevation of a "Singer" button-hole sewing machine embodying my invention...

... the work-clamp is guided, said button being thus movable to and fro in a direction transverse to the feeding movement of the work-clamp, as described in Letters Patent US 360.433, dated April 5, 1887, application, Serial No. 195.900, filed March 20, 1886, the slotted plate R being stationary, as is usual.

Assignor to the Singer Manufacturing Company

April 5, 1887

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US 376.475                          James G.  Greene

Patent US 322.428, to Philip Diehl, dated July 21, 1885, shows and describes a button-hole-cutting mechanism in which the button-holes are cut by a striking cutter, which is caused to descend quickly and forcibly by the movement of a handle attached to a rock shaft connected with the cutting-lever. Such a cutting mechanism has, however, been found to be objectionable for the reason that the shock or jar of the striking cutter or cutting lever loosens the screws and other parts of the button-hole-stitching machine to which the cutter is attached and thereby impairs the efficiency of the machine, besides being destructive to the knife. The object of my invention is to obviate the objections to the button-hole-cutting mechanism above referred to, this object being attained by providing the lever which carries the cutter or cutting-block with a hand-lever which is arranged to impinge beneath the lower end of the head at the forward part of the bracket arm of the sewing machine in such a manner that the cutting-lever may be forced downward by the operator to cut the button-holes by a gradual but powerful pressure.

Assignor to the Singer Manufacturing Company

January 17, 1888

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US 397.587                       Henry H.  Cummings

Button-Sewing Machine

My invention relates to button-sewing machines, so called and has for its object to adapt a machine of the kind mentioned to “sewing on a four-hole button with either a "cross" or parallel-bar stitch, as well as to sewing on bar and two-hole buttons and to provide a construction whereby the machine may be readily changed from one kind of work to another and “set to perform the work it is desired that it shall do. My invention consists in improvements for operating and controlling the operations of the button-holder, so as to present the button in proper position to the needle. My invention also consists in improvements incidental to the foregoing.

Assignor to the

Union Button Sewing Machine Company

of Boston, Massachusetts

February 12, 1889

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US 397.588                       Henry H.  Cummings

Button-Sewing Machine

My invention has relation to button-sewing machines of the class designed to sew on buttons having eyes or holes extending through from side to side of the button and for per forming cross, bar and other stitching. It is the object of my invention to so improve button-sewing machines that the mechanism for moving the button and cloth carrier or holder shall be placed wholly be neath the bed of the machine, leaving the upper surface of the bed free from such mechanism, so that the goods being operated upon can be manipulated unhindered by the means for shifting the button-carrier, usually arranged above the bed-plate. It is also the object of my invention to provide means whereby the button-carrier may be reciprocated bodily in one direction and in like manner reciprocated in a direction at right angles to that first mentioned. It is also the object of my invention to provide a construction whereby interchangeable pattern-disks may be employed in the same machine for the purpose of producing stitching of varying character or design. It is also the object of my invention to produce other improvements having as their purpose the simplification of an organized button-sewing machine, as also the increasing of the capacity of such machine. 

Assignor to the

Union Button Sewing Machine Company

of Boston, Massachusetts

February 12, 1889

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US 398.585                       Henry H.  Cummings

Button-Sewing Machine

This invention has for its object to improve that class of apparatus employed for sewing upon clothing and other articles buttons having holes or eyes made through them from side to side. My present invention consists, chiefly, in the apparatus employed for holding and moving the button intermittingly, the same having provision whereby a button having four eyes may be stitched either diagonally across the center of the button or from eye to eye about the button, the machine having provision whereby it may be automatically stopped when the button has received the proper number of stitches...

... Figure 1, in plan view, represents the bed plate of a sewing machine of the Wheeler & Wilson class, it having been selected by me to illustrate my invention...

Assignor to the

Union Button Sewing Machine Company

of Boston, Massachusetts

February 26, 1889

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US 440.179                           George M. Morris

Button-Hole Attachments for Sewing Machine

This invention in button-hole attachments for sewing machines consists, mainly, of certain devices and combinations of parts, hereinafter described and claimed, for reciprocating the work-holder of the attachment transversely to the length of the work-holder and to various distances to form to-and-fro or overedge stitches and to make them of different lengths, for moving the work-holder longitudinal to and fro and to different distances and by steps of various lengths to form to and-fro rows of the overedge stitches to make the rows of different lengths and to place the overedge stitches at various distances from each other in each row, for moving the work holder step by step laterally to and fro at the ends of its longitudinal movements to change the stitching from one side of the button-hole to the other and thereby bar the ends of the button-hole and for opening and closing the work-holder when the attachment shall be properly arranged on the bed-plate and connected by suitable mechanical devices with the driving mechanism of a sewing machine having an eye-pointed needle reciprocating high a perforation in a work-supporting plate.

November 11, 1890

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US 714.284               Charles A. Dahl & George S. Hill

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

This invention relates to sewing machines more especially devised for overstitching the edges of buttonholes and other openings in material. In the machine to be herein described the stitch is represented as formed of one thread carried by an eye-pointed penetrating needle, the loop of needle-thread bellow the material, both at its thrust for the edge and for the depth stitch, being engaged by a complemental device located below the cloth-clamp, said device acting at one descent to engage a loop of needle-thread and spread and hold said loop, while the device engaging a loop of thread at a subsequent descent of the needle passes the loop last engaged by it through the loop of thread left thereon at a previous descent of the needle.  

Assignors to the Reece Button Hole Machine Company

November 25, 1902

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US 749.776                            Charles A. Dahl

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

This invention has for its object to improve and simplify the machine represented in United States Patent US 714.284, November 25, 1902, for stitching and barring a buttonhole at a continuous operation. The improvements to be herein described and claimed relate to the stitch-forming mechanism, the work-holder and the thread-tension, all of which parts act in combination to perfect the operation of the machine described in said patent.

Assignor to the Reece Button Hole Machine Company

January 19, 1904

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US 758.826                           Robert  L.  Lyons

Button-Sewing Machine

This invention has reference to improvements in button-sewing machines and relates particularly to improvements in the means for supporting the cloth or other material to which the button is to be sewed and to the means for supporting the button independently of said cloth or material. The object of the invention is to so move the button with reference to the cloth or material to which the button is to be sewed that a portion of the thread delivered by the first downward movement of the needle will be nipped or held between the button and said cloth or material. 

Assignor to the

Union Button Sewing Machine Company

of Boston, Massachusetts

April 26, 1904

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US 777.564                          John J.  Sullivan

Sewing Machine for Forming Groups of Stitches

Button-Sewing Machine

In sewing buttons to garments or in mechanically performing other sewing operations with two-thread sewing machines forming groups of stitches, as in barring or tacking or stitching buttonholes, it is desirable to secure the last or severed ends of the threads, so as to positively prevent the loosening or unraveling of the stitches and this is particularly desirable and necessary in sewing on buttons where the attaching-stitches are subjected to considerable strain and abrasions such as is liable to loosen them. It has heretofore been customary to some extent in sewing on buttons or in barring, tacking, &c., with two-thread sewing machines to complete the operation of forming each group of stitches by making two or three "fastening-stitches" which are formed in one place or needle-puncture by omitting the horizontal movements of the work or of the needle while these stitches are being made; but even these interlocked or interlooped-fastening-stitches are liable when the garments in which they are formed are in use to become loosened or unraveled, thus imperiling the safety or integrity of the other stitches of the group.

Assignor, by Mesne Assignments, to the Singer Manufacturing Company

December 13, 1904

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US 807.676                          Charles M.  Horton

Thread-Cutting Mechanisms for Sewing Machine

Button-Sewing Machine

This invention relates to that class of sewing machines for forming groups of a predetermined number of stitches, which in most instances are disposed in different directions or across each other, as in sewing on buttons by crossing stitches, barring, tacking, &c. and which machines are preferably provided with means for severing the threads at the end of each stitching operation and the invention has for its object to simplify the mechanism and to improve the efficiency of the class of machines referred to. ...

... The machine to which the present invention is herein shown as being applied is a well-known form of Singer lock-stitch sewing machine ...

Assignor, by direct and Mesne Assignments, to the

Singer Manufacturing Company

December 19, 1905

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US 884.629      Lafayette A.  Wilkinson & Julius C. Goodwin

Hook Sewing Attachment for Sewing Machine

Button-Sewing Machine

Our invention relates to improvements in machines for sewing hooks on garments and embodies an attachment to sewing machines by means of which hooks of varying sizes may be employed and by which a series of stitches may be laid over the shank of the hook as well as through the loops thereof, thus holding the hook firmly in position and guarding the same against turning and getting out of allinement with the eye to which the hook is adapted to be fastened. A further object of our invention is to provide means whereby the shank stitches may be caused to pass around the end of the hook in order that they may be drawn under. by the tension of the thread and caused to firmly engage that portion of the shank directly be low the end of the hook. 

April 14, 1908

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US 929.698                         Lansing  Onderdonk

Over-seaming Sewing Machine

... My invention relates to an improvement in sewing machines and especially to those of the zigzag, overseaming or button hole type and the object is to provide a machine of the type referred to, which may be adapted to make a chainstitch....

...Heretofore most machines of the zigzag, button hole or overseaming type have been provided with a single needle, but it has also been proposed to provide then with a plurality of needles (two) arranged side by side, a line joining their being at right angles to the line of feed. I would say, however, that two needle zigzag machines of this character are used principally for ornamental stitching and very little for edge stitching. I have found that by using, in this character of machine, two needles, one directly back of the other and in the direction of the feed, that the stitch on the machine may be lengthened to double that of a single needle machine, at he same time covering the edge of the material or the body of the material with the same amount of covering that would be used in a single needle machine and stitch only one half the length. ...

Assignor to the

Union Special Sewing Machine Company

of Chicago, Illinois

August 3, 1909

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US 1.032.017                 James Kennedy  McComb

Hook and Eye Clamps for Sewing Machine

Button Sewing Machine

My invention relates to improvements in hook and eye clamps for sewing machines and the object of the invention is to device an attachment for button sewing on machines which will hold the hook or eye on the swinging arm of the machine so that it may be sewn onto the material by the machine as the arm reciprocates from side to side.

July 9, 1912

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US 1.033.721                       Henry C.  Miller

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

   ...This invention relates to improvements in buttonhole machines. Manufacturers have for sought to obtain a machine which would produce standard length and positive width, side and end buttonhole stitches...

...My invention contemplates specific improvements in the cams employed to vibrate the needle. In a pending application filed by me July 7, 1905, No. 268.752, I have broadly claimed a nest of cams for vibrating the needle,...

July 23, 1912

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US 1.093.241                     William L.  Barron

Button Sewing Machine

This invention has for its primary object to provide a machine for automatically attaching flat buttons to garments by means of spaced and unconnected groups of stitches and also to provide such a machine with means for attachment interchangeably of two or four-hole buttons with the same number of stitches passing through each pair of holes. ...

... In the accompanying drawings the present improvement is shown embodied in a flat button sewing machine constructed substantially in accordance with the United States patent to Charles M. Horton No. 80.676, dated December 19, 1905. ...

Assignor to the Singer Manufacturing Company

April 14, 1914

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US 1.101.134                        Harry B.  Lyons

Hook Holding Device for Sewing Machine

Button Sewing Machine

This invention relates to improvements in devices for holding hooks while the same are being sewn to fabric by a machine and, in its simplest form, this invention relates to such hook holding devices adapted to be mounted on the button clamp or similar vibrating or moving mechanism of a sewing machine whereby the position of the hook, held by this improved device, relative to the path of the needle may be changed from time to time. One object of this invention is to so construct a hook holding device for sewing machines that the hook may be held from lateral movement while clear passages for the needle are furnished at the sides of the hook. Another object of this invention is to. So construct a hook holding device for sewing on hooks that the needle thread may, at times, be guided around the shank of the hook.

Assignor, by Mesne assignments, to Robert L. Lyons & Charles J. Sibbald, Co-partners as:

Union Button Sewing Company

of Boston, Massachusetts

June 23, 1914

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US 1.288.101                     James H. Masterson

Work-Holder for Sewing Machine

Button Sewing Machine

This invention has reference to improvements in work holders for sewing machines and particularly for such machines adapted to form a group or groups of stitches. One object of the invention is to so con struct a work holder of the nature herein referred to that it may readily be mounted in and carried by the button holding jaws of an ordinary button clamp. Another object of the invention is to so construct a work holder that it may receive and hold, during a stitching operation, a wire loop adapted to be engaged by a garment hook. Other objects of the invention will appear from the following description. The invention consists in the work holder having means for engaging the loop bar of the loop device. The invention also consists in the loop carrier adapted to be mounted in a button clamp. The invention also consists in such other novel features of construction and combination of parts as shall hereinafter be more fully described and pointed out in the claims.

see also patent filed May 21, 1917, Serial No. 169.938  US 1.288.102

Assignor to Frederick Osann Company

December 17, 1918

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US 1.294.927                         Michael  McCann

Work-Holder for Sewing Machine

Button Sewing Machine

This invention has reference to improvements in work holders for sewing machines whereby a hook may be sustained relative to the stitch forming devices. One object of the invention is to provide a work holder having hook receiving members fixed against adjustment. Another object of the invention is to provide a hook sustaining work holder having as to guide the loops of sewing thread to the end of the hook whereby the loops of thread may be drawn beneath the end of the hook to the proposed stitching position all of the parts of the hook holder and its guide being fixed. Other objects of the invention will appear from the following description. The invention consists in the novel construction of the work holder. The invention also consists in the improved thread loop guide. The invention consists in such other novel features of construction and combination of parts as shall hereinafter be more fully described and pointed out in the claim. 

Assignor to Frederick Osann Company

February 18, 1919

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US 1.361.217      William L. Barron & Wayland D. Michener

Work-Holder for Sewing Machine

Button Sewing Machine

This invention relates to sewing machines of the type having a reciprocating needle and a work-holder with means for producing lateral to-and-fro jogging movements between them to effect the formation of a so-called “tack” or group of fastening stitches. Lock-stitch sewing machines of this type, for example such as shown in the Patents to J. J. Sullivan, US 777.564, of December 13, 1904 and to W. L. Barron US 1.093.241, of April 14, 1914, are customarily provided with thread-cutting mechanism below the work-support for nipping the be ginning end of the needle-thread below the below the work after the group of tacking stitches has been formed. It necessarily follows, therefore, that while the upper face of the work presents a finished appearance, the cut ends of the stitching threads at the under face of the work give to the latter face an unfinished appearance. Chain-stitch sewing machines of the above type form a group of fastening stitches. having a neat and finished appearance at the upper or needle-side of the work, where single strands of needle-threads are laid be tween consecutive needle-punctures and an unfinished appearances at the under or looper side of the work, caused by thread ends and the bulk of the enchained needle loops. 

Assignors to the Singer Manufacturing Company

December 7, 1920

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US 1.786.354                     Jefferson S.  Lohman

Attachment for Button Sewing Machine

This invention relates to improvements in button sewing machines, the general object of the invention being to provide means whereby hooks and eyes can be sewn to material by the machine. This invention also consists in certain other features of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, to be hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawing and specifically pointed out in the appended claims. ...

December 23, 1930

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US 1.812.327                         Arvid  Ericsson

Button Sewing Machine

The invention relates to new and useful improvements in button sewing machines and more particularly to a button sewing machine for sewing flat buttons to fabrics. An object of the invention is to provide a button sewing machine which is of few parts, simple in construction, including a stitching mechanism for stitching the button to the fabric, a thread cutter and holder for cutting the threads and holding the looper thread and a tension release and pull-off, wherein the cutter and tension release and pull-off are actuated in proper timing with the stitching of the button to the fabric by a single control disk. 

Assignor to Union Special Machine Company

of Chicago, Illinois

June 30, 1931

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US 2.158.200                      Franklin A.  Reece

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

Original application January 24, 1936

May 16, 1939

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US 2.367.187                         Ralph A.  Collins

Stop Mechanism Operating Means

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

This invention relates to stop mechanism controlling means for automatic machines whose principle of operation is such that, when manually started, they will perform a predetermined cycle of operations and stop and-particularly to sewing machines adapted to sew a short seam and then come to rest, such, for example, as buttonhole sewing machines. The invention has for its general object to provide manually operated stop mechanism controlling means, of such character that, when the stop mechanism is moved thereby into a position which will cause or permit the machine to start, the completion of the full intended cycle of operations of the machine is insured before the return of the stop mechanism to stopping position is permitted.

While not limited thereto, the invention is of particular utility in connection with buttonhole sewing machines of the type known as "straight hole" machines, as described, for example, in patents, US 714.284, November 25, 1902 and US 749.776, January 19, 1904.

Buttonhole machines of this and some other types include stitch-forming mechanism and work clamp to position the stitches around the buttonhole, stop mechanism adapted to be manually operated to start the machine and automatically to stop the machine after the completion of the sewing cycle and a buttonhole cutter which is automatically operated to cut the buttonhole slit just prior to the stopping of the machine. ...

Assignor to the Reece Button Hole Machine Company

January 16, 1945

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US 2.377.037                       Franklin A.  Reece

Button-Sewing Machine

This invention relates to sewing machines of the type adapted to perform a predetermined number of stitching operations and automatically stop and has for an object to provide an improved stop control, for machines of this type whereby the number of stitching operations which will be automatically performed between the starting and the stopping of the machine is susceptible of wide variation at the will of the operator and in accordance with the requirements. The invention relates especially, although not exclusively, to machines for sewing on flat perforated buttons and when employed in machines of this types, provide means whereby the number and character of stitches automatically formed through one or two pairs of holes in a button can be widely varied and readily determined. The invention will best be understood from the following description of a preferred embodiment thereof illustrated in the accompanying drawings, this, however, having been chosen for purposes of exemplification merely, as it will be obvious that the invention, as defined by the claims hereunto appended, can be otherwise embodied and used without departure from the spirit and scope thereof. ...

... shown as of the type described in the Reece Patent US 2.193.344, March 2, 1940...

... The rotary hook or looper may be of any usual form but as shown is of the ring type described in the Kohler and Lachman Patent US 393.766, December 4, 1888 and supported and driven by devices such as those shown in the Bolton Patent US 376.364, January 10, 1888. ...

May 29, 1945

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US 2.383.875                               Maxant

August 28, 1945

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US 2.385.768                               Althens

October 2, 1945

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US 2.405.871                               Avis

August 13, 1946

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US 2.473.132                         Frank  Berube

Snap Fastener Attachment for Button Sewing Machine

This invention relates to mechanism for holding snap fasteners in relation to sewing mechanisms so that such mechanisms may be employed to attach the fasteners to work. sewing machines suitable for this class of service may be the same as for attaching four-hole buttons, but heretofore to convert a button sewing machine to a snap fastener setting machine, it has been necessary to remove the button holding mechanism and to substitute a special snap holder mechanism there for. One object of the present invention is to avoid the necessity of changing the article-holding mechanism when converting between the button sewing and snap fastener sewing is desired. This is accomplished in accordance with this invention by employing a snap fastener holding mechanism of such a type that it can be held in place of a button by the button holding mechanism of a button sewing machine and present the holes in the snap fastener correctly; related to the sewing mechanisms so that the snap fastener held by the holding mechanism will be secured in place of a button

June 14, 1949

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US 2.477.941             F. A. Reece Jr. & W. E. Nichols

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

 

 Reece Corporation

of Boston, Massachusetts

August 2, 1949

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US 2.487.718                              Maxant

November 8, 1949

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US 2.511.367                              Nelson

June 13, 1950

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US 2.540.730                              Hayes

February 6, 1951

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US 2.571.303                           Spiller et al.

October 16, 1951

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US 2.604.062                         Marion C. Rich

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

Assignor to the Reece Corporation

July 22, 1952

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US 2.747.715                         Brinkman et al.

May 29, 1956

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US 2.788.756                      Samuel J.  Cushing

Hook and Eye Clamps for Sewing Machine

Button-Sewing Machine

My invention relates to improvements in work holders for sewing machines, whereby a closure securing device, such as a hook and eye, may be held in definite space relationship to the stitch forming machine. The stitch forming machine used with the device, hereinafter described, is of the type generally used to secure buttons, hooks, or other fasteners to fabrics or pliable materials. It is an object of my invention to construct a positioning and retaining device that will securely and definitely position a closure securing device in definite space relationship to the stitch forming machine. 

April 16, 1957

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US 2.969.755                       Franklin A.  Reece

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

The present invention relates to a button sewing machine for attaching buttons and the like and particularly to machines which can be used for a wide range of work. As is well known to those skilled in the art, buttons of a great variety of shapes and sizes have to be sewn on garments. For instance, in the manufacture of coats, there may be large size buttons to be sewn on the front of the coat, smaller buttons to be sewn on the sleeves and buttons of still a third size at some other place, for instance, on the pockets or under the lapels. Consequently the machine must be capable of quick and easy adjustment to different sizes of buttons. Also, as is well known, some buttons have two holes and others have four holes and the distances between the holes and the spacing of the holes vary with the size and type of the button. Buttons with four holes usually have the holes arranged in the form of a square, but some times and particularly with oval buttons, the distance between the first and second pair of holes may be different from the distance between the two holes of each pair. 

Assignor to the Reece Corporation

January 31, 1961

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