Sewing Machines Exhibition at the Central Office for Trade and Commerce in Stuttgart

The use of sewing machines for processing medium-fine and very fine cotton, linen and woollen fabrics, as well as for the processing of very coarse fabrics, such as sackcloth, etc., and leather work is becoming more widespread, and these machines have already for the domestic business Families already found strong entrance. The Central Office for Commerce and Trade in Stuttgart therefore considered it appropriate to issue an exhibition of the most common construction of sewing machines, which took place on 9 April (d. J.) began to give the public the opportunity to learn about the present state of sewing machine technology through their own intuition.

Of the machines put into operation at the exhibition, the following types of stitches are supplied:

1) The chain or tambourine stitch

The cheaper machines, which come with only one thread. These machines are offered in America in large numbers at prices of 15 fl. Onwards and have found wide distribution also in families. The engraving, which is also used for sewing ornaments and ornaments on fabrics and similar only from a simple entanglement of the thread as with knitting, it is more soluble than the stitches supplied by the two-stitch sewing machines, but gives a very elastic seam and is therefore very popular.

2) The double chain stitch

Named by the inventors of the machine "Grover & Baker Stitch", formed by two threads. It is also only the upper thread through the fabric, whereby it devours with the lower in the way that the seam on the upper side presents the ordinary stitch, whereas devour on the lower side of the upper and lower thread loops forming.

3) The lockstitch, also called web or  harbor stitch (?)

The machines that supply this stitch also sew with two threads, one of which runs from the underlying bobbin, the other goes from the top of the machine attached to the upper bobbin through the needle. According to the principle of construction, there are two type of these machines, namely those in which a shuttle is used and those in which a hook or catcher is used for entangling the threads. Both types of machines provide a good and firm lockstitch.


The following 24 machines were in operation in the exhibition:


A. Chain stitch machines

No. 1. Sewing Machine for "light ladies work", by Willcox & Gibbs in Philadelphia, with table and pedal. Price 80 fl. 30 kr.

No. 2. Sewing Machine for "light ladies work", by Charles Raymond in Brattleboro, Vermont, United States of North America, without a table, to bustle with your hand. Price 25 fl.

No. 3. Sewing Machine for "light ladies work", by G. B.  Sloat & Co. (*) in Philadelphia, for manual operation. Price 20 fl.

No. 4. Sewing Machine, especially suitable for "cloth, calico (lightweight plain-woven cotton cloth) and gloves factories", by F. Boecke in Berlin. Price 131 fl. 30 kr.


B.  Machines for the double chain stitch

No. 5 Sewing Machine for "Shoemaker, Sadler and Tailoring work", from the Grover & Baker's depot at Theod. Heinr. Menke in Hamburg. Price 157 fl. 30 kr.

No. 6. Sewing Machine for "Shoemaker, Leather pants and Tailoring work", from Stahle & Supper in Cannstatt (Stuttgart's districts). Price 180 fl.


C. Machines for the lockstitch


a ) with catcher or hook (Revolving Hook)

No. 7. Sewing Machine for "Cap-makers and Leather pants", of Stahle & Supper in Cannstatt (Stuttgart's districts). Price 150 fl.

No. 8. Sewing Machine for "Tailors work", of Stahle & Supper in Cannstatt  (Stuttgart's districts). Price 125 fl.

No. 9. Sewing Machine for "fine white sewing", of Stahle & Supper in Cannstatt (Stuttgart's districts). Price 125 fl.

No. 10. Sewing Machine for "fine white sewing", purchased of H.D. Schmid in Vienna, in 1854; then price 300 fl.

No. 11. Sewing Machine for "fine white sewing", by Carl Beermann in Berlin. Price 113 fl. 45 kr.

No. 12. Sewing Machine for "white sewing", W&W System , by F. Böcke (F. Boecke) in Berlin. Price 87 fl. 30 kr.

No. 13. Sewing Machine for all types of "white sewing", W&W System, on a frame in the form of a cabinet, by F. Böcke in Berlin. Price 122 fl. 30 kr.


b ) with shuttle

No. 14. Sewing Machine for "fine white sewing", by W.F. Thomas & Co. in London. Price 285 fl.

No. 15. Sewing Machine for "corsets and other stronger white sewing", by W.F. Thomas & Co. in London. Price 285 fl.

No. 16. Sewing Machine for the production of "men's and women's clothes", from Barrère , rue du Guay-Trouin No. 12 in Paris. Price 198 fl. 20 kr.

No. 17. Sewing Machine for "Tailors work", from Niederegger in Ulm (Baden-Württemberg). Price 275 fl.

No. 18. Sewing Machine for "shoe-maker, saddler etc", from Nellinger in Pforzheim (Baden-Württemberg). Price 225 fl.

No. 19. Sewing Machine for "saddler, shoe-maker etc.", from A.B. Howe in New-York. Price 345 fl.

No. 20. Sewing Machine for "making sacks and other rough work", by Carl Beermann in Berlin. Price 113 fl. 45 kr.

No. 21. Sewing Machine for "bags and lighter saddlery work", by F.W. Thomas in London. Price 324 fl.

No. 22. Sewing Machine (thimble pendulum machine) for "tailoring and furrier work", by F. Böcke (F. Boecke) in Berlin. Price 105 fl.

No. 23. Sewing Machine for "Tailors and Ladies dress maker", Singer System, by F. Böcke (F. Boecke) in Berlin. Price 157 fl. 30 kr.

No. 24. Sewing Machine for "hatters, to enclose the hats", by F. Böcke (F. Boecke) in Berlin. Price 192 fl. 30 kr.

(Württembergisches Gewerbeblatt, 1860 No. 16 and 17.)



(*) George B. Sloat & Company. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1859-1861

George B. Sloat & Company marketed a sewing machine called an Elliptic lock stitch sewing machine. The machine has no friction belt, but a wonderful motor; the machine runs itself, no treadle.

From : 

Sewing Machines Historical Trade Literature in Smithsonian Institution Collections


George B. Sloat & Co. Est 1858 – 1861 Factory: 1229 Beach Street, Philadelphia.

Became: Sloat Sewing Machine Co. Philadelphia 1860

Machine Made: Elliptic Lock Stitch 1859 1860 and Bradshaw Shuttle 1859 1861



As reproduction of  Historical artifacts, this works may contain errors of spelling and/or missing words and/or missing pages, poor pictures, etc.