BUTTON-HOLE MACHINES

and

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

...All sewing machines are furnished with special appliances for hemming, binding, braiding, tucking, &c.; indeed, there are only two operations they cannot perform satisfactorily, viz:

sewing on buttons and stitching button-holes

A thoroughly practical button-hole machine is much wanted and would be a fortune to the lucky proprietor...

1863

18 patents issued between 1846 and 1880 by inventors (Bachelder, Singer, Wilson, Grover & Baker, Gibbs) to produce a Buttonhole Machine. All of these quite impractical for use in production.

www.amfreece.com

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The first US patent for a machine to stitch Button Holes

US 10.609                               Charles Miller

Button-Hole Stitching Machine

The invention relates to the adaptation of the cloth or other material to be sewed to receive what are termed the "button-hole stitch", the "whip-stitch" and the "herring-bone stitch" and it consists in giving the cloth or material to be sewed a movement laterally to the direction of the seam and in opposite directions, alternately, between every two stitches, in addition to the movement commonly given in the direction of the seam. The button-hole stitch and whip-stitch are both made in the same way by taking one stitch through the cloth and the next over the edge the only difference being that in making the button-hole stitch the movement in the direction of the seam requires to be much less than in making the whip-stitch, being properly only the distance of one thickness of thread. The herring-bone stitch is made by taking all the stitches through.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

Giving the cloth or material being sewed a movement laterally to the direction of the seam, between the successive stitches or inter lacings of the needle and shuttle threads, substantially as set forth, for the purpose of receiving different kinds of stitches or seams. 

March 7, 1854

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US 34.748     Alfred C. F.  Derocquigny, Dominique Gance & Louis Hanzo

Machines for Plain Sewing, Embroidering and Button-Hole

March 25, 1862

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US 36.617                    Daniel W. G. Humphrey

Machine for Button-Hole or Edge Finishing or Stitching

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The needle-bar carrier C ...

2. The combination of the needle-bar carrier C, the loop-carrier d, needle b, hook c and loop-check i with needle a, arranged and operated as described, whereby the button-hole stitch represented is produced.

3. The cam-wheel W2 ...

4. The slotted plate V ...

5. The feed-clamp K2 ...

6. The employment of the rocker X, piston e2 adjustable plate Y and spring r, in combination with the lever T, operated as and for the purpose specified. 

October 7, 1862

 

No button hole stitching machine of this class was in use prior to that invented by Daniel W. G. Humphrey, patent US 36.617 dated Oct. 7, 1862.

In June 13, 1871, said Humphrey also obtained Letters Patent US 115.857  for improvements upon his first invention.

extract from US 207.173

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US 97.856                             Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to feed the cloth to the needle of any sewing machine in such a way that the stitches made by the machine, whether loop or lock, single or double chain stitch, shall be laid on each edge and the ends of the button-hole in a series parallel to each other and at right angles to the button-hole, so as to form the requisite binding for it. What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The screw having the eccentric thereon, in combination with the cloth-clamp and oscillating plate, as and for the purposes described.

2. The cloth-clamp, the rest, the spring and presser in combination, substantially as and for the purposes described.

3. The cloth-clamp and its operating screw, in combination with the double rack, the ratchet and cog-wheels, substantially as and for the purposes described.

4. The connecting-plate, the oscillating plate and the lever and cam in combination, substantially as and for the purposes described.

5. The cam V and carrier T, in combination  with the sliding ratchet, for changing its position and changing the movement of the clamp, substantially as described.

December 14, 1869

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US 115.857                     Daniel W. G. Humphrey

Button-Hole Stitching Machine

Assignor to himself and Eugene Humphrey

My present invention is an improvement upon the machine patented by me, Letters Patent US 36.617 dated October 7, 1862 and consists in a new device for feeding or moving along the clamp which holds the work to be stitched and thus spacing the stitches regularly on the edges of the button-hole. arsh in its operation. My present invention is a more simple and less expensive mode of attaining the desired result and enlarges the range of the machine for practical work. I claim as my invention:

The two separate feed-cams for spacing the stitches on the sides of the button-hole, in combination with an intermediate ring for spacing the stitches around the eye of the button-hole, substantially as described.

June 13, 1871

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US 117.364                          Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

Be it known that I, Samuel  J.  Baird, of Waynesborough, in the county of Augusta and State of Virginia, have invented certain improvements in my Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine patent US 97.856 December 14, 1869, of which the following is a specification: My invention relates to improvements in a device heretofore patented by me for attachment to the work-plate of a sewing machine to convert the latter into a machine for overseaming or working button-holes and my improvements, which are too fully described hereafter to need particular explanation here, have been designed with the view of rendering the machine less expensive, more reliable, easily manipulated by unskilled persons and more efficient. 

July 25, 1871

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US RE 4.794                        Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to feed a fabric to the needle of the sewing machine in such a way as to insure a series of stitches being laid by the needle around the edge of a button-hole in the fabric and my invention consists of a device which may be attached to the work-plate of an ordinary sewing machine so as to be operated by the needle-arm and which will carry the fabric in such a manner as to insure the desired distribution of the stitches. I claim:

1. An attachment for sewing machines, carrying a clamp for holding a fabric and the devices described, or their equivalents, whereby the movements of the clamp are imparted from the overhanging needle-arm of the machine.

2. In an attachment for sewing machines, the combination of a clamp, J K, a screw-shaft carrying a cam and a nut and to which an intermittent rotary motion in either direction is imparted and the devices described, or their equivalents, whereby the clamp is carried longitudinally and oscillated by the action of the said shaft, its cam and nut.

3. The combination of the said shaft A and the adjusting devices described, or their equivalents, whereby the shaft may be driven in either direction from the needle-arm of the machine.

4. The combination of the reciprocating clamp and a plate N, arranged to receive the presser-foot of the machine and to bear upon the clamp, substantially as described.

5. The combination of the said plate N and the shaft E2, to which the plate is connected so as to be adjustable, as set forth.

6. The combination of the adjusting devices, or their equivalents, for simultaneously changing the motion of the shaft A and the lateral position of the clamp.

7. The lugs adjustable on the plate C, substantially as and for the purpose described.

March 12, 1872

Specification forming part of Letters Patent

US 97.856                       December 14, 1869

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US 134.346                            Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

December 31, 1872

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US 134.347                            Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

December 31, 1872

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US 159.740                           Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

February 16, 1875

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US 206.768                            Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

Assignor to George Trull

My invention relates to improvements in button-hole attachments of the same class as those shown and described in sundry Letters Patent of the United States heretofore granted me, my present invention resembling, more or less, in general features of construction and mode of operation, the inventions shown in such patents, among which may be mentioned

Reissue US RE 4.794, of March 12, 1872;

Patent US 117.364, of July 25, 1871;

Patent US 134.346 and Patent US 134.347, of December 31, 1872 and

Patent US 159.740, of February 16, 1875.

My improvements consist in novel organizations of parts and certain combinations of devices hereinafter first fully described and then specifically designated by the claims. I claim as of my own invention:

1. The combination of the chambered turret, the single ratchet-wheel inclosed therein, the crown-wheel also inclosed in the turret, the screw-shaft on which the ratchet-wheel and clown-wheel are mounted in contact with each other and the covering-plate closing the opening into the turret and confining the ratchet and crown-wheel therein, all substantially as hereinbefore set forth, whereby the parts are protected, confined in a small space and may readily be removed.

2. The combination of the turret, the ratchet-wheel, the driving-shafts, the adjustable cross bar connecting the driving-shafts and the rod adjustably connected with said bar, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

3. The combination of the casing having a chambered turret, the reciprocating driving shafts, the single ratchet-wheel, the vertically rotating crown-wheel connected to the ratchet and inclosed with it in the turret, the horizontal master-wheel engaging with the crown wheel beneath the casing top and at the base of the turret, the vertical cam-shaft E and its pinion driven directly by the master-wheel, substantially as and for the purpose described.

4. The combination, substantially as herein before set forth, of the intermittently-operated ratchet-wheel, the crown-wheel, the master wheel driven thereby, the cam-shaft E, its pinion, the cloth-clamp-oscillating lever pivoted at its heel and its cam-frame or shifting-plate provided with a slot in which the two wipers of the cam-shaft operate, in the manner specified.

5. The combination, substantially as herein before set forth, of the cloth-clamp-oscillating lever pivoted at its heel, the cam-frame or shifting-plate having the inclined slot G' in its front end, the cam-shaft E, working in said slot and provided with the wipers h h', the adjusting-landle or turning-lever interlocking with the casing top, and its crank-arm and pill engaging the slot in the rear end of the shifting-plate.

6. The combination of the oscillating lever F, pivoted at its heel, the reciprocating cloth-clamp, the double-racked plate, the rack-engaging pinion, the rack-adjusting frame L, the cam-frame or shifting-plate by which the lever F is oscillated and the handle or turning lever operating both the said cam-frame and the adjusting-frame, these members being constructed and operating substantially as hereinbefore set forth.

7. The combination, substantially as herein before set forth, of the double-racked bar, its adjusting-frame slotted at the rear, the crank working in said slot, the bent rod connected to said frame at front and turning in the casing and the lug on the heel of the frame between which and the crank the rod passes.

8. The combination of the master-wheel, the pinion on its shaft, the great pinion driven thereby, the rack-pinion and the laterally-adjustable rack-bar, substantially as and for the purposes specified. 

August 6, 1878

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US 207.173           James W. Furbush  &  John Perley

Feeding Devices for Button-Hole Sewing Machine

The invention consists of a mechanical movement whereby segmental and differential gearings are employed to produce, as required and in the same work, both slow and rapid motion. Without change of action in the machinery and which movement is particularly adapted to that class of machines used for stitching button-holes and which machine we take to illustrate said mechanical movement and as applied to said machine we say our invention consists of a mechanical movement applied to a button-hole stitching-machine and this movement as applied to said machine is effected by means of segmental and differential gearing in combination with a cam. As we make no claim of invention or improvement in said button-hole stitching machine, except in the movement of the feeding mechanism, we shall confine our specification, so far as we can, to that part of the machine, adopting the devices for communicating motion already in use. Our invention also relates particularly to that class of button-hole machines where the needle-carrying box is moved laterally after each stitch by means of a cam.

No button hole stitching machine of this class was in use prior to that invented by Daniel W. G. Humphrey, patent US 36.617 dated October 7, 1862.

In June 13, 1871, said Daniel W. G. Humphrey also obtained Letters Patent US 115.857 for improvements upon his first invention.

What we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination of the external gearing E and F, which are secured to the shaft J, with the segmental gearing D, which has abutments f and g, the segmental gearing D and the hub H, all combined together substantially in the manner and for the purpose shown and described.

2. In a button-hole stitching-machine, the driving gear-wheel F, secured to the shaft J, the segmental gear E, secured to said gear-wheel F, the segmental gear D, provided with abutments f and g and the semicircular gear D, revolving about the hub H, in combination with the cam C, substantially in the manner and for the purpose shown and described.

August 20, 1878

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US 240.546                               John  Reece

Button Hole Sewing Machine

This invention relates to sewing machines for stitching button-holes and is an improvement upon that class of the said machines wherein the stitching mechanism is made to travel first along one side of the button-hole slit, then about the eye and along the other side of the slit.

 Assignor, by Mesne Assgnments, to

The Reece Button Hole Sewing Machine Company

April 26, 1881

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US 2.158.200                      Franklin A.  Reece

Button Hole Machine

Original application January 24, 1936

May 16, 1939

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US 2.477.941             F. A. Reece Jr. & W. E. Nichols

Button Hole Machine

 The Reece Corporation, Boston, Massachusetts

August 2, 1949

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US 2.604.062                         Marion C. Rich

Button Hole Machine

Assignor to The Reece Corporation

July 22, 1952

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US 2.969.755                       Franklin A.  Reece

Button Hole Machine

Assignor to The Reece Corporation

January 31, 1961

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