1617 - 1852 (Old Series)

Chronological List of British Patent Models


Until 1852 patents (covering England and Wales only) were obtained through the complex medieval system which required visiting seven different offices and two signatures by the monarch. Patents granted under this system were not numbered and not published by the authorities at that time (though the details of some were printed in journals such as the Repertory of Arts). Following the modernisation of the patent law in 1852, 14.359 patents granted up to that date were given numbers of the form No nnnn/yyyy, eg No 1/1617, No 913/1769 and published during the 1850s



First Patent


Aaron Rapburne & Roger Burges

GB 1  (March 2, 1617)  

A privilege granted to Aaron Rapburne, gent., & Roger Burges, for terme of XXI years next, of the sole making, describing, carving & graving in copper, brasse, or other metall, all such and soe manie mappes, plotts or descriptions of Lond. Westm. Bristol, Norwich, Canterbury, Bath, Oxford & Cambridge and the towne & castle of Windsor, & to imprint and sett forth & sell the same.


GB  515/1730                           John Kay

Engine for making, twisting and cording mohair and worsted, also twining and dressing thread for tailors and others

May 8, 1730


GB  542/1733                           John Kay

A new invention of a shuttle for the better and more exact weaving of broad cloths, broad bays, sail cloths

May 26, 1733


GB  701/1755              Charles Frederick Wiesenthal

A new invented art of working fine thread in needlework after the manner of Dresden needlework

June 24, 1755


GB  955/1770                         Robert Alsop

An invention of a new species of embroidery for clothes

Weaving embroidered stuffs in a loom, with one, two or more shuttles. Printed, 4d. No Drawings.


March 22, 1770


GB 1.097/1775                       William Sheward

A new invented method of making needles, with the eyes thereof upon a new and particular construction

June 10, 1775


GB 1.764/1790                      Thomas Saint

Making and completing shoes, boots, spatterdashes, clogs and other articles, by means of tools or machines for the purpose

July 17, 1780 


GB 2.769/1804                      John Duncan

Improved method or means of tambouring or raising of flowers, figures, or other ornaments upon muslins, lawns and other cottons, cloths, or stuffs, or upon silk, linen, or woollen cloths or stuffs, or upon cloths or stuffs composed partly of silk, flax, cotton, or woollen

Machinery for tambouring upon cloth, by which one person is enabled to work with a large number of barbed needles or hooks at the same time, instead of employing only one needle or hook, as when tambouring solely by manual labour. The barbed ends of all the needles pass simultaneously through the cloth; then each needle is supplied with thread by a feeding needle, which passes the thread around the tambouring needle and under the barb thereof and when the tambouring needle recedes, it drawn by it through the cloth. These movements are repeated until the pattern is complete and when this is the case, the machinery is worked in a suitable manner to secure the ends of the threads. The pattern (which will consist of a number of similar figures) may be produced by moving the needles horizontally or vertically at the requisite times in front of the cloth, or by moving the cloth in front of the needles or hooks. The latter plan is preferred by the patentee and is effected as follows: The cloth is stretched in a vertical position between two cylinders placed parallel to each other in an oblong frame and the latter slides freely to and fro horizontally carrying the first frame with it. Thus, either a vertical or horizontal motion may be communicated to the cloth and when both are communicated at the same time, the cloth moves in an oblique direction. By these means, every rectilinear or curvilinear figure may be produced and consequently, every pattern required. Printed, 5s. Drawings.

May 30, 1804


GB 3.012/1807                     James  Winter

Machine for sewing, &c, leather gloves

Apparatus to be used for sewing and pointing leather gloves, consisting of a pedestal supporting a pair of jaws, which receive the leather to be sewed or ornamented, together with an instrument termed an "index", formed with grooves on the top or face to guide the needles. One jaw is capable of turning on a joint and is kept closed by a spring during the operation of sewing; it is opened, when required, by placing the foot on a treadle connected by a cord with a pin projecting from such moveable jaw. The index may be made of ivory, bone, brass or any other fit material and consists of two pieces or sides, either straight or curved, according to the part of glove to be sewed and capable of adjustment with regard to each other by means of a screw, so that the grooves on the top of the two sides may be made to correspond. In sewing, the needles are passed through the grooves in the index, which must be made of the depth required for the stitch, the leather being placed even with face or top of the index.The grooves in the index may be varied, so that the different kinds of sewing and ornamental work may be performed with one, two three or four needles and for single and double seaming, the index may be made without grooves on the face. Printed, 6d. Drawings.

February 20, 1807 


GB 3.571/1812                  John Scambler

Improvements in the manufacturing of needles

June 2, 1812


GB 4.627/1821                      James Winter

Machine for sewing, &c, leather gloves

Improvements in the apparatus for sewing and pointing leather gloves described in the Specification of Letters Patent, dated February 20, 1807, GB 3.012. In this instance the jaws which hold the leather, instead of opening and closing by a circular movement upon a joint, are made to open and shut by a parallel horizontal movement, effected by a slider and screw. The "indexes" for guiding the needles are connected to the upper part of the jaws by screws passing through elongated holes, which render them capable of adjustment. Two indexes of improved construction are also described. Printed, 6d. Drawing.

December 19, 1821


GB 5.788/1829                       Henry Bock

Machinery for embroidering or ornamenting cloths, stuffs and other fabrics

May 2, 1829 


GB 6.513/1833          Daniel Ledsam and William Jones

Improvements in machinery to be used in the manufacture of pins and needle

November 21, 1833


GB 6.931/1835        James Cropper  &  John Brown Milnes

Improvements in machinery for embroidering and loom machine 

1. Machinery for embroidering lace, cloths or other fabrics by means of needles having a point at each end and an eye in the centre; such needles being conducted through the fabric from opposite sides alternately by a spring holder and the position of the fabric being changed from time to time, in order to produce the required form of ornament, by apparatus acting upon the principle of the pentagraph.

2. Improvements in looms whereby the fabrics in course of weaving therein are at the same time embroidered by means of threads supplied from bobbin carriages and which are laid on both the upper and under surfaces of the warp and consequently form additional threads to those which are thrown between the warp threads by the crossing of the shuttle; the threads from the bobbin carriages are laid in such manner as to present an appearance similar to that produced in embroidering with needles by passing ornamenting threads through the fabric. Printed, 2s. 4d. Drawings. A communication from

November 14, 1835


GB 7.079/1836                     William  Sneath

Bobbin Net Machinery

Application of mechanism to bobbin net machinery for the purpose of producing thread-work ornaments on the bobbin net or lace whilst it is being made by the ordinary parts of the bobbin net machinery or such mechanism may be combined into and form a machine independent of and separated from the machinery by which the bobbin net or lace is produced. The instruments used for making each pattern or ornament are, a bent or curved needle, with two eyes, for introducing the ornamenting thread through the lace and leaving a loop thereof; a pair of barbed points or instruments, barbed at opposite sides, for carrying the loop over the place where the needle is next to pass through and a bent hook, by which the ornamenting thread is tied into a knot at the completion of the pattern by dragging one loop through another. Printed, 4s. 2d. Drawings.

May 3, 1836 


GB 7.228/1836      Gordon Campbell  &  John Gibson

Improved process or manufacture of silk

both of the city of Glasgow, respectively merchant and throwster, for their invention of a new or improved process or manufacture of silk and silk in combination with certain other fibrous substances; 6 months.

November 19, 1836 


GB 7.236/1836                     William  Sneath

Improvements in producing embroidering using Bobbin Net Machinery

1. Producing embroidery or ornaments on muslins, silks and other woven fabrics by applying to such purpose the mechanism referred to in GB 7.079 and also the mode of fastening off each of the ornamenting threads at any determined period by drawing one loop within the other.

2. Apparatus for producing loopwork ornaments on woven fabrics and for fastening off the same by drawing one loop within the other. Hooks and guards are used for making the ornaments on the fabric which is moved vertically or horizontally according to the pattern and the fastening off is performed by the hook which passes the ornamenting loops through the fabric, aided by loop-openers. Printed, 2s. 10d. Drawings.

November 28, 1836 


GB 7.923/1839                      Abel Morrall

Improvements in the making or manufacturing of  needles and in the machinery or apparatus employed therein

January 3, 1839


GB 8.606/1840                        Luke Hebert

Luke Hebert of Birmingham, in the county of Warwick, civil engineer, for his invention of certain improvements in the manufacture of needles; 6 months 

August 17, 1840


GB 8.948/1841               Edward Newton Thomas Archbold

A grant unto Edward Newton, of Leicester, manufacturer, and Thomas Archbold, of the same place, machinist, for their invention of  improvements in producing ornamental or tambour work in the manufacture of gloves; six months

May 4, 1841 


GB 10.134/1844                 Leonard Bostwick

Machinery for sewing all kinds of cloth or other materials

April 2, 1844


GB 10.424/1844            John Fisher James Gibbons

Manufacture of figured and ornamented lace or net and other fabrics

December 7, 1844

Fisher & Gibbons invented a sewing machine without knowing it.

it was sufficient to invalidate Howe's (or Thomas's) patent, parts of which were accordingly disclaimed.


GB 10.716/1845            J. Fisher & J. Gibbons and Thomas Roe

Manufacture of lace or net and other fabrics;machinery for figuring or ornamenting lace or net and other fabrics

June 10, 1845


GB 11.025/1846              Arthur Eldred  Walker

Machinery for sewing

January 6, 1846


GB 11.464/1846                   William Thomas                     (Howe' patent)

Machinery for sewing or stitching various fabrics

December 1, 1846

curved needle & shuttle, lockstitch sewing machine


GB 12.060/1848             Jean Marie Magnin             (Thimonnier' patent)

Machinery for sewing and embroidering

February 9, 1846

barbed or hooked needle, one thread, chain stitch sewing machine


GB 12.221/1848                William Thomas                     (Morey's patent)

Machinery for Sewing and Tambouring

of Cheapside, in the city of London, merchant, for improvements in the manufacture of stays, boots and shoes; also in fastening and connecting fabrics and garments; communicated to me  from abroad.  6 months; colonies.

July 26, 1848

 needle and hook, one thread, chain stitch sewing machine


GB 12.462/1849                    Robert Brown

Machinery for perforating, sewing, stitching, pegging and riveting

February 8, 1849


GB 12.736/1849             William Thomas  &  John Marsh

A grant unto William Thomas, of Cheapside, in the city of London, merchant, and John Marsh, foreman to the said William Thomas, for improvements in the manufacture of looped fabrics, stays and other parts of dress; also an apparatus for measuring, being partly a communication; 6 months

August 9, 1849

one thread, beards needles, tambour stitch


GB 12.752/1849                    Charles Morey

Sewing machinery or apparatus for sewing, embroidering and uniting or ornamenting by stitches, various descriptions of textile fabrics

August 30, 1849

Patent for 5 Machines' improvements 

curved needle & curved shuttle, lock stitch, rotary machine (No. 3)

curved needle & shuttle, lock stitch, vibrating shuttle, machine (No.4)

US  6.766                              Blodgett  & Lerow                 October 2, 1849

Rotary Sewing Machine


US  7.776                               Wilson,  Allen B.                     Nov. 12, 1850

Vibrating Shuttle Machine


GB 12.842/1849                      Robert Parnall                    

A grant unto Robert Parnall, of the city of London, clothier, for his invention of a new instrument for facilitating the stitching or sewing of woven fabrics; 6 months

November 13, 1849


GB 13.038/1850                          Robert Reid

A grant unto Robert Reid, of Glasgow, in the county of Lanark, manufacturer, for his invention of certain improvements in weaving; 6 months; colonies

April 15, 1850


GB 13.321/1850                     J. A.  Lerow                     (Blodgett' patent)

Sewing machine

November 7, 1850

grooved needle & curved shuttle, rotary  machine


GB 13.325/1850                    David Christie

Machinery or apparatus for sewing

November 7, 1850


GB 13.494/1851             Frederick R. Robinson

Sewing machine

February 7, 1851


GB 13.889/1851       Francis Hastings Greenstreet

of Albany Street, Mornington Crescent, in the county of Middlesex, for improvements in coating and ornamenting zinc; a communication; 6 months.

December 31, 1851


GB 13.890/1852           Charles Dickson Archibald

of Portland Place, in the county of Middlesex, esquire, for improvements in the manufacture of bricks and other articles made of plastic materials and in cutting, shaping and dressing the same, as also stone, wood and metals and in the machinery and apparatus employed therein; 6 months; a communication; colonies.

January 8, 1852


GB 14.161/1852                  Henry Houldsworth

of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, cotton spinner, for his invention of improvements in embroidering machines and in apparatus used in connection therewith; 6 months

June 10, 1852


GB 14.240/1852   Henry Houldsworth and James Houldsworth

both of  Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, silk manufacturers, for their invention of certain improvements in the fixing, extending and holding of cloth to receive embroidery and in apparatus applicable thereto; 6 months

July 27, 1852


GB 14.256/1852             Edward Joseph Hughes            (Judkins' patent)

Machinery for stitching, either plain or ornamentally

August 10, 1852

...Charles Tiot Judkins, an American located in Manchester who was the proprietor of the patent taken out by Edward Joseph HughesAugust 10, 1852, and which included in its specification the machines known in America as the Grover & Baker and the Singer Manufacturing or No. 2 machine. To the former was given the name of the " Lancashire " and it is known by it to this day...

William Newton Wilson (Jan. 1892)

Patent for 3 Machines' improvements

Three legs, two needles, two threads, double loop or double chain stitch or Grover&Baker stitch, vertical or up and down motion feeding (No.1)

Needle & shuttle, lock stitch sewing machine (No.2)



Machine 1


 Three legs


Two needles, two threads, double loop or double chain stitch or Grover & Baker  stitch, vertical or up and down motion feeding 






Machine  2



Needle & shuttle, lock stitch sewing machine

In April 1, 1859, a Disclaimer was signed, sealed and delivered by Alexander Stewart Jordan. The Disclaimer and Memorandum of Alteration of certain parts of the Specification and Title,  was enrolled in February 9, 1859.

And whereas by divers assignments and finally by an indenture bearing date on or about the January 20. 1858 made between William Emerson Baker of one part and me Alexander Stewart Jordan, of the other part, the said letters patent and Invention and all and singular the rights and privileges thereby granted, became and are now absolutely vested in me.

And whereas the machinery or apparatus for stitching or sewing described in the Specification and shown in the Drawings, Figures 5 to 8 and 20 to 28 inclusive, have not come advantageously into use, I the said Alexander Stewart Jordan, for this reason wish to disclaim and I do hereby disclaim all parts of this Invention.


GB 14.328/1852        William Edward Newton    (Grover&Baker' patent)

Machinery or apparatus for sewing double-looped stitches.

October 19, 1852

GB 14.328 October 19, 1852
GB 14.328 October 19, 1852




Four legs


Two needles, two threads, double loop or double chain stitch or Grover & Baker  stitch, vertical or up and down motion feeding 


GB 14.359/1853              Bennet Woodcroft

A grant unto Bennet Woodcroft, formerly of Mumps, in the township of Oldham, in the county of Lancaster, but now of Furnival's Inn, in the city of London, gentleman, of an extension for the term of seven years from the fourth day of January 1852, of Letters Patent granted to him and bearing date at Westminster the fourth day of January 1838, for his invention of improvements in the construction of looms for weaving various sorts of cloth, which looms may be set in motion by any adequate power.

July 26, 1853

Note.—Re  Campbell and Gibson's Patent.—1836, November 19th. No. 7228.

"A new or improved process or manufacture of silk and silk in combination with certain other fibrous substances"

This Patent, though prolonged for six years, has not yet been re-sealed.  


  British Patent GB 14.359/1853 is the last patent granted under the medieval       system before the introduction of the Patent Law Amendment Act 1852 on       1 October of that year.




Chronological List of British Patent Models

From March 1617 to July 1853 (Old Series)


GB 1/1730                  Aaron Rapburne & Roger Burges            March 2, 1617

GB  515/1730                              John Kay                                    May 8, 1730

GB  542/1733                              John Kay                                  May 26, 1733

GB  701/1755                 Charles Frederick Wiesenthal             June 24, 1755

GB  955/1770                            Robert Alsop                          March 22, 1770

GB 1.097/1775                      William Sheward                          June 10, 1775

GB 1.764/1790                         Thomas Saint                             July 17, 1780

GB 2.769/1804                         John Duncan                               May 30, 1804

GB 3.012/1807                        James  Winter                     February 20, 1807

GB 3.571/1812                        John Scambler                             June 2, 1812

GB 4.627/1821                         James Winter                   December 19, 1821

GB 5.788/1829                          Henry Bock                                  May 2, 1829

GB 6.513/1833           Daniel Ledsam and William Jones          Nov. 21, 1833

GB 6.931/1835      James Cropper & John Brown Milnes          Nov. 14, 1835

GB 7.079/1836                        William  Sneath                             May 3, 1836

GB 7.228/1836       Gordon Campbell  &  John Gibson     November 19, 1836

GB 7.236/1836                        William  Sneath                 November 28, 1836

GB 7.923/1839                         Abel Morrall                           January 3, 1839

GB 8.606/1840                           Luke Hebert                         August 17, 1840

GB 8.948/1841            Edward Newton Thomas Archbold        May 4, 1841

GB 10.134/1844                    Leonard Bostwick                           April 2, 1844

GB 10.424/1844            John Fisher James Gibbons       December 7, 1844

GB 10.716/1845      J. Fisher & J. Gibbons & Thomas Roe        June 10, 1845

GB 11.025/1846                 Arthur Eldred  Walker                  January 6, 1846

GB 11.464/1846              William Thomas        (Howe)       December 1, 1846

GB 12.060/1848       Jean Marie Magnin  (Thimonnier)       February 9, 1846

GB 12.221/1848         William Thomas    (Morey's patent)        July 26, 1848

GB 12.462/1849                        Robert Brown                      February 8, 1849

GB 12.736/1849          William Thomas  &  John Marsh          August 9, 1849

GB 12.752/1849                       Charles Morey                       August 30, 1849

GB 14.161/1852                     Henry Houldsworth                     June 10, 1852

GB 14.240/1852         H. Houldsworth & J. Houldsworth           July 27, 1852

GB 14.256/1852        E.J. Hughes  Charles Tiot Judkins        August 10, 1852

GB 14.287/1852                      Julian  Bernard                 September 10, 1852

GB 14.314/1852       P. A. Le Comte de Fontaine Moreau      October 7, 1852

GB 14.315/1852                    Solomon  Andrews                    October 7, 1852

GB 14.316/1852                    Alexander  Shairp                      October 7, 1852

GB 14.317/1852            Richard  Archibald  Brooman            October 7, 1852

GB 14.318/1852            Richard  Archibald  Brooman            October 7, 1852

GB 14.319/1852                   John  Reed  Randell                   October 7, 1852

GB 14.320/1852                William  Edward  Newton           October 11, 1852

GB 14.321/1852             Richard  Archibald  Brooman         October 14, 1852

GB 14.322/1852                      Walter  Ricardo                     October 14, 1852

GB 14.323/1852                      Thomas  Carter                     October 14, 1852

GB 14.324/1852                          John  Field                         October 14, 1852

GB 14.325/1852                      William  Brown                     October 18, 1852

GB 14.326/1852               Alfred  Vincent  Newton              October 19, 1852

GB 14.327/1852       Joseph  Palin & R. Wm. Sievier           October 19, 1852

GB 14.328/1852               William Edward Newton              October 19, 1852

GB 14.329/1852              William  Edward  Newton             October 19, 1852

GB 14.330/1852                Edward  Henry  Jackson             October 21, 1852

GB 14.331/1852               Edward  Brailsford  Bright           October 21, 1852

GB 14.332/1852                        William  Reid                       October 21, 1852

GB 14.333/1852                     William  Boggett                    October 21, 1852

GB 14.334/1852                  John  Charles  Wilson               October 21, 1852

GB 14.335/1852                     Robert  Mcgavin                     October 23, 1852

GB 14.336/1852       Henry Needham Scrope Shrapnel       October 23, 1852

GB 14.337/1852                       James  Lamb                        October 23, 1852

GB 14.338/1852                      Joseph  Walker                    November 2, 1852

GB 14.339/1852                   Patrick  McAnaspie                 November 2, 1852

GB 14.340/1852                       John  Crowther                   November 2, 1852

GB 14.341/1852                         Louis  Arnier                     November 6, 1852

GB 14.342/1852      P. A. Le Comte De Fontaine Moreau             Nov. 6, 1852

GB 14.343/1852                      Charles  Liddell                  November 11, 1852

GB 14.344/1852                       John  Weems                    November 11, 1852

GB 14.345/1852                      Andrew  Fulton                  November 11, 1852

GB 14.346/1852                      William  Petrie                   November 13, 1852

GB 14.347/1852                   A.  E.  L.  Bellford                  November 25, 1852

GB 14.348/1852                        Moses  Poole                    November 27, 1852

GB 14.349/1852                       Lewis  Pocock                   November 27, 1852

GB 14.350/1852                 Pierre  Jules  Lamaille              December 1, 1852

GB 14.351/1852                     William  Gorman                   December 8, 1852

GB 14.352/1852                       George  Shaw                   December 17, 1852

GB 14.353/1852                        Robert  Burn                    December 21, 1852

GB 14.354/1852                     Robert  Galloway                December 21, 1852


GB 14.354 Last Patent Old Series in 1852


GB 14.355/1853                Thomas Fildes Cocker                 January 11, 1853

GB 14.356/1853                   Pierre Isidor David                   February 5, 1853

GB 14.357/1853      Mary Honiball J. Honiball (W. H. Porter)      Feb. 9, 1853

GB 14.358/1853                        Joseph Gibbs                          March 21, 1853

GB 14.359/1853                   Bennet Woodcroft                          July 26, 1853


 British Patent GB 14.359/1853 is the last patent granted under the medieval system before the introduction of the Patent Law Amendment Act 1852 on 1 October of that year.