CANADIAN PATENTS

(BEGINNING FROM JUNE 1824)

 

1st SERIES

 

June 1846 - August 1869

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1846

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CA 91                                     Jonas Philip  Lee

Knitting Looms

of the town of Sherbrooke, in the district of St. Francis, Quebec, Manufacturer, for a new and useful improvement in the method of constructing Knitting Looms. In the common machines, such as have hitherto been used, the needles, which are cast into the metal girth, projected outwards at right angles from the girth or horizontal metal plate and the jacks or sinkers played up and down upon a horizontal bar or wire and by playing downwards between the needles, made a loop for the stitch. In the improved machine the needles are cast or fastened vertically into the girth or metal plate and horizontal sliding stitchers are substituted for the falling jacks or sinkers, diminishing the friction to a great extent and also lessening the chances of breakage, the falling jacks and sinkers being exceedingly liable to accidents. Another improvement characterizing this invention consists in the vertical arrangement of the needles, which are placed with their backs towards the face of the frame, the depressor being behind the needles under the stitchers, by which arrangement the work is elevated and exposed to the eye of the operator at all times. The horizontal sliding stitchers in the actual machine are about four and half inches long and their general width about three-fourths of an inch; these stitchers are cut in with square shoulders, so as to reduce them to half an inch in width, forming a recess in the stitcher, so as to admit a regulator or bar, which is about five-eighths of an inch less than the recess in the stitchers and serves to move the stitchers backwards preparatory to their being acted upon by the slur and to stop them correctly as they are thrown forward by it; this regulator is attached to the frame and stretches across the whole width of the machine, parallel with the line of the needles; this arrangement and combination of the regulator with the stitchers, so that by its vibration it will move the stitchers backwards and forwards by its action, in the manner above described, is one of the chief characteristics of the invention, as also the horizontal position of the stitchers, the vertical position of the needles, and the manner of combining the bar, as regulator, with them, rendering unnecessary the use of springs or other analogous devices for retracting the shoulders. The application of the power by means of a shaft does not differ in this from that which is used in the ordinary loom.

June 4, 1846 

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1851

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CA 321                                     John  Rourke

Self-acting Ribbed Warp Knitting Loom

of the city of Montreal, Quebec. This invention consists of a self-acting rib warp knitting loom, having two guide bars acting by cams on the main shaft, the guide bars traversing backwards and forwards by the action of level gears, attached to an upright shaft, worked from the main shaft and passing through the needles by a connecting rod worked by a cam on the main shaft, the needle bars being attached to the plungers or lifters, the front needle bar lifting the back sliding plate and the back needle bar the front sliding plate, the needle bars having alternate action and the work being taken over by the sliding plates, whereby the knitted work is produced much stronger, of better quality and more rapidly than by the ordinary hand loom, being made from a warp and not from a single thread as in the usual mode.

May 1, 1851

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1854

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CA 450                                 Jonas Philip  Lee

Double Acting Knitting Machine

of Niagara, in the County of Lincoln, Manufacturer, for the invention of a new and useful improvements in a Machine for knitting plain Fabrics, such as Shirts, Drawers, Stocking &c., known as and called Double Acting Knitting Machine.  

It consists in the construction of a rack, slur and carry needles attached so as to operate the jacks or levers and carry the yarn at the same time and by one combined motion. In the application of the rack, slur and carry needles to operate on two sets of jacks or levers and needles, by one and the same motion, knitting two webs or fabrics by the same motion on one machine. In the construction and application of jacks or levers, so formed and applied as to carry sufficient yarn between the needles to form a loop or stitch of the length required. In the cam 2, so arranged and applied as to work and vibrate the needle bars and needles, to draw through and throw off the stitches and tighten the fabric as knit. In tho level gear "a a" and shaft "c" and slur gear "G", (or cam gear) so arranged and applied as to carry the slur and knitting needles. In the construction of a machine for knitting two webs or pieces of fabric at the same time, by the same motion and with one thread to each web.

April 10, 1854 

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CA 468                                     D'Arcy  Porter

Sewing Machine

of the City of Hamilton, in the County of Wentworth (historic county), Ontario, Machinist. The invention consists in the general form and construction of the machine; in the principle of taking all the motions from the excentric shaft and in applying or using the curved needle with the shuttle.

Figure 1 represents the plan; figure 2 section and elevation; figure 3 and 4 sections on the linos A, B and C, D, respectively shown in figure two. "E" represents the fly-wheel; F the driving pulley; G the pulley which drives the spindle for winding the bobbin, which is placed on the top of the machine; the above described pulley and fly-wheel are fastened upon the crank shaft and driven by the foot by means of the treddle (treadle) shown in figure two and three. A belt from the pulley E, gives motion to the pulley and shaft M and H, called the excentric shaft, for giving the different motions for working, through the invention of levers and rocking shafts, the needle feeding the cloth through, &c. and motion to the shuttle. "I", the lever and rocking shaft, for working the needle and slackening the thread at certain intervals, worked by the cam excentric K. "L", the cam excentric for giving motion to the shuttle, by means of the slide and curved piece, which embraces the shuttle. The motion which is given to the feed wheel N, at intervals is by means of the friction lever O. The feed wheel N, is roughened on the circumference the better to draw the cloth, leather, &c., along; this lever O, upon the rocking shaft P, is moved by the arm Q, which presses upon the excentric R. "S", shows the spool containing the thread, which is pressed upon by a spring T, to produce the necessary tension for drawing the thread tight in the needle, which is curved to suit the radius of the needle lever. "U", the cloth presser containing a spiral spring, which may be raised up by the catch "V", while placing the cloth in the machine. The thread is seen passing through the guide W and the needle X. "Y", is the lever for guiding the thread to prevent its getting foul. The invention consists in the general form and construction of the machine; in the principle of taking all the motions from the excentric shaft and in applying or using the curved needle with the shuttle.

July 21, 1854

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1858

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CA 810                                     G. H.  Lettore

of the City of Montreal, Quebec, for an improvement in Sewing Machines.

January 11, 1858

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CA 888                               Lewis Nelson  Soper

of the Town of Woodstock, in the County of Oxford, Ontario, for an Elastic Lock Stitch Sewing Machine.

November 3, 1858

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1860

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CA 1.048                                Charles  Elvidge

of Newmarket, in the County of York, Ontario, for a certain Sewing Machine.

March 7, 1860

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CA 1.072                            Lewis Nelson  Soper

of the Town of Woodstock, in the County of Oxford, Ontario, for an improved Sewing Machine.

April 19, 1860

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1861

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CA 1.181                             Frederick  Rodgers

of the City of Hamilton, in the County of Wentworth (historic county), Ontario, for an improved Cam for working the under needle or Catch Pin of Sewing Machines.

January 16, 1861

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CA 1.243                                   Paul T.  Ware

of the City of Toronto, in the County of York, Ontario for an improved Sewing Machine.

August 9, 1861

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CA 1.311                                Samuel S.  Martin

of the City of Toronto, in the County of York, Ontario, Assignee of John Angell Cull, the Assignee of Edward Lefroy Cull, the inventor for Auxiliary Spring improvements for Sewing Machines.

December 27, 1861

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1862

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CA 1.325                            Christopher  Lockman

of the City of Hamilton, in the County of Wentworth (historic county), Ontario, for an improvement in Shuttle Sewing Machines, termed the "Family Shuttle Sewing Machine".

February 19, 1862

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CA 1.416                                    Fracis  Cant

of the Town of Galt (Cambridge), County of Waterloo, Ontario, for an improved Cam for working the under-needle or catch-pin of Sewing Machines.

August 25, 1862

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CA 1.474                                  Warren  Millar

of the City of Montreal, Quebec, for a new and useful Loop Check in Sewing Machines using a rotating hook.

December 16, 1862

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1863

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CA 1.570                                 William  Berry

of the City of Montreal, Quebec, for an anti-friction loop stopper for Sewing Machines.

July 11, 1863

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CA 1.581                          George Henry  Meaking

of Belleville, in the County of Hastings, Ontario, for an improved Sewing Machine.

August 12, 1863

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CA 1.620                            Christopher  Lockman

of the City of Hamilton, in the County of Wentworth (historic county), Ontario, for an Attachment for Sewing Machines for ruffling.

November 21, 1863

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1864

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CA 1.690                             Jonathan Hilton  Haven

of the Town of Guelph, in the County of Wellington, Ontario, for a new and useful Chair, called "Haven's Sewing Chair".

May 2, 1864

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1865

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CA 1.891                                  Thomas  Rogers

of the City of Toronto, in the County of York, Ontario, for a new and useful Binder for Sewing Machines.

September 6, 1865

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CA 1.896                                   D'Arcy  Porter

of the City of Toronto, in the County of York, Ontario, for certain new and useful improvements in Sewing Machines.

September 19, 1865

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1866

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CA 2.100                              Leon Moses  Clench

of the Town of St. Mary's in the County of Perth, Ontario for an Elbow needle-bar, silent motion and oscillating feeding attachment for sewing machines, to be called "Clench's Elbow Needle-Bar", silent motion and oscillating feed attachment for Sewing Machines.

September 13, 1866

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CA 2.121                                 Robert  Barclay

of the Town of Paris, in the County of Brant, for a certain new and useful improvement in Sewing Machines.

September 29, 1866

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1867

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CA 2.327                                 Robert  Barclay

of the Town of Paris, in the County of Brant, for a certain new and useful improvement in the construction of Sewing Machines.

May 7, 1867

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CA 2.380                            Christopher  Lockman

of the City of Hamilton, in the County of Wentworth (historic county), Ontario, for a new and useful Sewing Machine.

June 27, 1867

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1868

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CA 2.550                                 Robert  Barclay

of Paris, in the County of Brant, for a certain new and useful improvement in the construction of Sewing Machines.

April 1, 1868

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CA 2.748                         Richard Thomson  Gilpin

of the Town of St. Mary, in the County of Perth, Ontario, for a new and useful machine, namely, an attachment to Waxed-thread Sewing Machines for the purpose of keeping waxed-thread pliable by heat, to be called "Gilpin's Hot Air Waxed Thread Heater".

August 27, 1868

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CA 2.760                                   Norris  Black

of the City of Toronto, in the County of York, Ontario, for a new and useful Hand Shuttle Sewing Machine, which he calls "Black's Sewing Machine".

September 7, 1868

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1869

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CA 3.133                            Christopher  Lockman

of Hamilton, Ontario, for an improvement on Sewing Machines.

April 9, 1869

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CA 3.233                                   J. D.  Lawler

of Montreal, Quebec, for improvements in Sewing Machines.

July 2, 1869

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PATENTS ISSUED FOR FIVE YEARS

Under Patent Act of 1869

 

2nd SERIES

August 1869 - 1883

 

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1869

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CA 45                                       J. H.  Osborne

of Guelph, Ontario, for an improvement in Sewing Machines.

September 11, 1869

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CA 94                                           W.  Muir

of Montreal, Quebec, for improvements on Multiple Sewing Machine.

October 15, 1869

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CA 111                                      J. H.  Osborn

of Guelph, Ontario, for an improvement on the Single Thread Sewing Machine for looping the Stitch.

October 21, 1869

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CA 130                                      G. W.  Corbitt

of Toronto, Ontario, for a machine for applying treadle power to Sewing and other Machines.

November 1, 1869

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CA 142                                         C.  Irvin

of Belleville, Ontario, for improvements on Sewing Machines.

November 12, 1869

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CA 184                                      J. D.  Lawler

of Montreal, Quebec, for Sewing Machines.

December 12, 1869

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1870

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CA 245                                         J.  Crowe

of Guelph, Ontario, for improvements in Sewing Machines.

February 9, 1870

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CA 346                                Christopher  Lockman

of Hamilton, Ontario, for Sewing Machines.

April 5, 1870

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CA 448                                     F. A.  Gardner

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements on Sewing Machines,

May 31, 1870

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CA 465                                         J.  Barett

of Belleville, Ontario, for Sewing Machines.

June 17, 1870

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CA 619                                       J. N. Tarbox

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements on Sewing Machines.

September 26, 1870

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CA 696                                    W. H.  Hannam

of Whitby, Ontario, for improvement on Sewing Machines.

November 11, 1870

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CA 699                                       J. D.  Lawler

of Montreal, Quebec, for improvements on Sewing Machines.

November 14, 1870

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CA 744                                      W.  Thompson

of Woodstock, Ontario, for improved Sewing Machine Top.

December 10, 1870

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CA 753                                   F. A.  Gardener

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements on Sewing Machines.

December 21, 1870

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1871

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CA 831                                      J. W.  Abbott

of St. Catharines, Ontario, for improvement in the plate of Sewing Machines.

March 8, 1871

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CA 837                                       C. F.  Mueller

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvement in the art of ornamenting Sewing Machines and other articles of manufacture of Wood, Metal, Glass, &c, with gold, silver or metal leaf.

March 8, 1871

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CA 851                                        C. W.  Coy

of Sherbrooke, Quebec, for improvements on Sewing Machines.

March 9, 1871

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CA 881                                      J. N.  Tarbox

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements on Frillers for Sewing Machines.

March 16, 1871

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CA 937                                        C. S.  Bell

of Morpeth, Ontario, for improvement on Sewing Machines.

April 18, 1871

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CA 983                                         J.  Miller

of Perth, Ontario, for improvements in Sewing Machines.

May 11, 1871

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CA 993                                         R.  Peters

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements on Sewing Machines.

May 25, 1871

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CA 1.092                                   J.D.  Lawlor

Sewing Machine

August 7, 1871

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CA 1.104                                 C. G. C.  Simpson

of Montreal, Quebec, improvements on Sewing Machines.

August 18, 1871

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CA 1.174                                     C. B.  Gerow

of Port Perry, Ontario, for improvements in Rufflers and Plaiters for Sewing Machines.

October 11, 1871

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CA 1.215                                     John  Reece

of Stanstead, Quebec, for improvement in Sewing Machines.

November 18, 1871

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CA 1.233                                  C. J.  Appleton

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements in the Feed attachment of Sewing Machines.

November 24, 1871

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CA 1.241                                 C. J.  Appleton

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements in Knitting Machines.

December 4, 1871

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CA 1.242                                 C. J.  Appleton

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements on the Shuttle Motion of Sewing Machines.

December 4, 1871

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CA 1.245                                   J. N.  Tarbox

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements in Frillers for Sewing Machines.

December 15, 1871

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CA 1.248                              W. H.  McElcheran

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvement in the art of Ornamenting and Lettering Sewing Machines, Cars, &c.

December 15, 1871

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CA 1.257                                    N. R.  Allen

of Montreal, Quebec, for improvement on Treadles of Sewing Machines.

December 15, 1871

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1872

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CA 1.311                                      R.  Peters

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvement in Sewing Machines.

January 26, 1872

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CA 1.128                                  George  Young

of Trenton, Ontario, for improvements in Sewing Machines.

April 18, 1872

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CA 1.433                               Charles  Raymond

of Guelph, Ontario, for improvements in Sewing Machines.

April 18, 1872

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CA 1.462                                      W.  Muir

of Montreal, Quebec, for improvements in Sewing Machines.

May 18, 1872

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CA 1.463                                      W.  Muir

Sewing Machine

May 18, 1872

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CA 1.531                    G. Webster Jr.  &  J. F.  Webster

of Hamilton, Ontario, for improvements in Sewing Machines.

June 29, 1872

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CA 1.540                                   J. H.  Osborn

of Guelph, Ontario, for improvement in Sewing Machines.

July 15, 1872

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CA 1.681                              David Mc. C.  Smyth

Sewing Machine

October 19, 1872

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CA 1.719                                   Alex  Howie

Sewing Machine

October 25, 1872

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CA 1.778                                 Francis E.  Mills

Sewing Machine

November 16, 1872

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CA 1.809                                 John D.  Lawlor

Sewing Machine

November 21, 1872

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1873

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CA 2.010                                James A.  House

Sewing Machine

January 25, 1873

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CA 2.060                                James F.  Kellogg

Sewing Machine

February 12, 1873

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CA 2.575                                Hugh  Robertson

Sewing Machine

July 26, 1873

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CA 2.706                                  D'arcy  Porter

Sewing Machine

September 10, 1873

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CA 2.902                                Eugene Moreau

Embroidering and Stitching Button Hole

December 5, 1873

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CA 2.907                                  John L.  Coles

Sewing Machine

December 5, 1873

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CA 2.908                                    John  Miller

Sewing Machine

December 5, 1873

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CA 2.933                                James H. Smith

Shuttle Sewing Machine

December 15, 1873

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1874

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CA 3.051                             Ebenezer A.  Goodes

Sewing Machine

January 21, 1874

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CA 3.054                                  J. H.  Vermilya

Sewing Machine

January 23, 1874

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CA 3.187                                  Israel M.  Rose

Embroidering Attachment for Sewing Machine

March 12, 1874

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CA 3.771                              Johial H.  Cleveland

Sewing Machine

August 22, 1874

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CA 3.824                             William A.  Springer

Sewing Machine

September 21, 1874

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1875

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CA 4.231                              Richard M.  Wanzer

Sewing Machine

January 7, 1875

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CA 4.390                                  James  Laing

Overhead Sewing Machine

February 15, 1875

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CA 4.420                                Lewis M.  Becker

Sewing Machine

February 23, 1875

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CA 4.553                                   Henry  Bland

Sewing Machine

April 1, 1875

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CA 4.679                             Christopher  Gullman

Sewing Machine

April 27, 1875

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CA 5.197                              Gustav  Kollmeyer

Sewing Machine

September 25, 1875

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1876

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CA 5.751                                  T.S.L.  Howard

Sewing Machine

March 2, 1876

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CA 5.852                               Charles F.  Ritchel

Sewing Machine

March 21, 1876

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CA 5.947                                 Lyman L. Barber

Boot & Shoe

April 10, 1876

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CA 5.964                              Richard M.  Melluish

Sewing Machine

April 21, 1876

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CA 6.108                                 John C.  Burton

Sewing Machine

May 23, 1876

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CA 6.359                                  Hugh  Menown

Sewing Machine

July 21, 1876

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CA 6.548                                Charles  Schunoff

Sewing Machine

September 16, 1876

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CA 6.708                    David M. Smyth & William Muir

Sewing Machine

October 30, 1876

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CA 6.841                             William J.  McMurty

Sewing Machine Shuttle

December 2, 1876

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1877

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CA 6.990                                John  McCloskey

Sewing Machine

January 22, 1877

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CA 7.263                             Thomas A.  Macauley

Sewing Machine

March 26, 1877

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CA 7.367                                 Andrew  Wilson

Sewing Machine

April 19, 1877

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CA 7.392                            William W.  Whitcomb

Sewing Machine

April 27, 1877

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CA 7.393                                  Israel M.  Rose

Sewing Machine

April 27, 1877

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CA 7.477                                   William  Muir

Sewing Machine

May 18, 1877

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CA 7.491                                   John S.  Hall

Sewing Machine

May 18, 1877

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CA 7.631                              William  Haslehurst

Sewing Machine

July 16, 1877

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CA 7.981                                   William  Muir

Sewing Machine

October 5, 1877

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CA 7.982                                   William  Muir

Sewing Machine

October 5, 1877

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CA 7.998                                    John  Keats

Sewing Machine

October 15, 1877

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CA 8.018                             Marshall H.  Pearson

Sewing Machine

October 16, 1877

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CA 8.200         James F. Chamberlain & Richard M. Wanzer

Sewing Machine

December 10, 1877

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1878

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CA 8.458                                 Robert W.  Park

Sewing Machine

February 23, 1878

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CA 8.506                                    Louis  Cote

Sewing Machine

March 8, 1878

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CA 8.643                                 Ruben M.  Rose

Sewing Machine

April 12, 1878

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CA 8.662                                 George E.  Hart

Sewing Machine

April 24, 1878

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CA 8.786                             Duncan H.  Campbell

Sewing Machine

May 13, 1878

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1879

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CA 10.560                             George Juengst

October 18, 1879

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1880

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1881

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1882

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1883

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CA 16.249                           Duncan H.  Campbell

Sewing Machine

February 2, 1883

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CA 16.250                           Duncan H.  Campbell

Sewing Machine

February 2, 1883

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Ontario sewing machine manufacturing entered its heyday during the early 1870s. Improved or refined technology resulted in well-constructed, durable machines that could be manufactured cheaply and sold at a price affordable by everyone. Favourable public reaction to this cheap, accessible, labour-saving device was reflected in the tremendous increase in demand during the 1870s. The manufacture of sewing machines clearly spelled opportunity and the decade witnessed the establishment of a wave of new companies and an enormous increase in registered Canadian sewing machine patents. It was also during the 1870s that the sewing machine became a leading Canadian export.

 

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Patents in this List were granted for the periods and under the Acts stated

1st SERIES

Nos. 1 to 165 grunted for 14 years.

Part in force in Lower Canada and part in Upper Canada under various acts.

Nos. 166 to 258 granted for 14 years.

In force in the Province of Canada, under the Act 7th Geo. TV, Cap. 25

Nos. 259 to 3.325 granted for 14 years.

In force in the Province of Canada, under the Acts 12th Vic., Cap. 24

and Con. Stat. Canada, Cap. 34. 

2nd SERIES

Nos. 1 to 1.644 granted for 5 years.

In force in the Dominion of Canada, under "The Patent Act of 1869"

32nd-33rd Vic., Cap. 11.

 

 

 

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