US PATENTS IN 1878

DESCRIPTIONS AND CLAIMS OF SEVERAL AMERICAN PATENTS ISSUED IN THE YEAR 1878

Applications for patents, including designs ........................................ 20.260

Applications for re-issue of patents ........................................................ 638

Patents issued, including designs ..................................................... 12.935

Patents re-issued ................................................................................ 509

Patents extended .............................................................................. None

Caveats filed .................................................................................... 2.755

Patents expired during the year, exclusive of designs ............................. 2.617

Patents withheld for non-payment of final fee .......................................... 832

Applications for registration of trade-marks .......................................... 1.577

Trade-marks registered .................................................................... 1.455

Applications for registration of labels ...................................................... 700

Labels registered ................................................................................ 492

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JANUARY 1, 1878

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FIRST US PATENT FOR THE YEAR 1878

US 198.733

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US 198.757                               Eli  Tiffany

Knitting Machine

Improved Full Fashion Spring-Needle Knitting Machine.

Assignor of one-half his right to Charles Cooper

January 1, 1878

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US 198.790                            Thomas  Briggs

Trimming Mechanism for Sewing Machine

This invention relates to trimming mechanism to trim or cut material parallel with the seam being sewed and is specially useful in sewing leather for shoe and other work.

I claim: in a sewing machine, a slotted cutter-stock and cutter adapted to be moved vertically in guideways, in combination with a pin moved by the needle-operating devices, the pin cooperating with the slot in the cutter-stock to force the knife through the material at or near the termination of the downward stroke of the needle, substantially as described. 

January 1, 1878

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US 198.915                          Thomas  K.  Keith

Feeding Mechanism for Sewing Machine

This invention is an improvement on a prior invention of mine for which Letters Patent were issued to me October 9, 1877. The present invention has for its object to enable an ordinary four-motioned feed-dog, adapted to propel the work in a single direction, as usual, to be converted into a two-motioned horizontally-reciprocating feed- dog, adapted to reciprocate the work instead of propelling it in a single direction, so that one and the same feed-dog can be employed in forming the elongated stitches above referred to, as well as in forming the ordinary continuous lines of stitches.

January 1, 1878

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US 198.970                          Jasper  W.  Corey

Sewing Machine

The nature of my invention consists in certain constructions, combinations and arrangements of parts, hereinafter fully described and specifically claimed, whereby a lock-stitch sewing machine is produced of novel and very simple construction and operation and where in especially the motions of the needle bar and the loop forming revolving hook permit the adoption of a simpler and more effective take up than could heretofore be used in machines having a pitman motion of the needle-bar and producing a lock-stitch. 

What I claim as new is:

1. The revolving hook herein described, having the point of its hook and the chamber for the bobbin on its front side and having said point extend from said front and project beyond the rear side of the body of the hook, whereby the loop of the needle-thread is taken from the rear side of the hook and carried around the bobbin on the front side of the hook, substantially as set forth.

2. The revolving hook constructed substantially as described and the reciprocating needle, in combination with mechanism substantially as set forth, whereby two complete revolutions are imparted to the hook during one complete reciprocation of the needle, for the purpose set forth.

January 8, 1878

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US 199.206                      Thomas  S.  L.  Howard

Button-Hole

My improved machine is the same in its general principles as that described in Letters Patent of the United States, Reissue US RE 5.728, dated January 13, 1874In making button-holes a stout thread is usually laid upon the edges of the fabric. This is accomplished in my machine by the use of the thread-guide "h", attached to the presser-foot, which is a simple contrivance by which a stout thread is so guided as to be sewed to the fabric by the button-hole stitch. What I claim as my invention is the combination of the shuttle provided with the spring "g", the looper "a" and finger "b", substantially as described, whereby the slack of the loop of the under thread is properly taken up, as above explained. 

 Assignor to George W. Simmons

January 15, 1878

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US 199.315                           Reuben  M.  Rose

Darning Attachment

Improvement in attachments to sewing machines for fancy stitching, embroidering and darning purposes. The invention consists in a novel, simple and light spring-pressure attachment, adapted to admit of its being easily attached to and detached from the presser-bar or other fixed portion of an ordinary sewing machine and organized to be relieved by the action of the needle-carrier from pressure on the material as the needle is withdrawn from the latter and so to permit the movement of the cloth or material by hand in various directions and to any desired distance, as the varying nature of the work to be done in fancy stitching, embroidering, or darning may require.

I claim the combination of the presser-carrier and guide "E", the presser and needle-guide "G" "f", the spring "g" and the tappet "h", the whole organized substantially as herein described, to be attached to and detached from a sewing machine and, when attached thereto, to be operated by the action of the needle-carrier on said tappet, as herein set forth. 

January 15, 1878

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US 199.500                       Charles F. Bosworth

Machines for Sewing Straw Braid

This invention relates to an improvement in machines especially adapted to sewing straw braid or other narrow strips, as for the manufacture of hats, &c. and particularly to that class in which successive braids or runs of braid are stitched to the next preceding braid by bending the two, so that the needle with its thread, entering the braid near the bend, passes through one braid, into and out of the other and then out of the first on the same side at which it entered and so that the thread will appear little, if at all, on the surface of the second braid, opposite that which the needle entered.

I claim:

1. The herein-described method of sewing straw-braid edge to edge, consisting in bending longitudinally one edge of each of the two braids to be stitched together and then, while their edges are lapped and folded, passing a needle with its thread transversely through the folded portion of the braids to secure the braids together in a flat state, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. The combination, with sewing mechanism, of mechanism adapted to guide straw or other plaited braids and present the two runs of braid to be stitched together in a longitudinally bent or folded condition to the needle, substantially as described.

3. In combination, the slotted work-plate, a reciprocating needle moving in a path trans verse to the said slot, a reciprocating bender working into or through said slot and a feed mechanism working at right angles to the path. of the needle, substantially as described.

4. In combination, the slotted work-plate, a reciprocating needle moving in a path trans verse to the said slot, a reciprocating bender working into or through said slot, a feed mechanism working at right angles to the path of the needle and a reciprocating follower cor responding to the bender and working from the opposite or under side of the work-plate, substantially as described. 

January 22, 1878

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US 199.535                  Susan  De Lamater Granger

Sewing Machine Chair

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. A chair having a seat provided with the separate slats "a" "a2" "a3", each supported by the springs, arranged as described, for the purposes set forth.

2. A chair having the back provided on the upper part with two rows of springs, "f" "f1", substantially as and for the purposes described. 

January 22, 1878

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US 199.759                         Joseph  S. Turner

Boot & Shoe Throat-Plates

This invention relates to throat-plates adapted to enter the channels cut in the soles of boots or shoes, or other articles of leather, to keep such channels open for sewing, or while being pricked. This device is also specially useful in a machine to prick holes in leather, the awl entering the stock at one side and emerging from the bottom of the channel. I am aware that a channel-opening guide has been made to move with the needle in the direction of the feed. I have made the points of such size that they enter and successfully follow the narrow channel commonly used in hand-sewed work, whereas in the other usual openers, having a stationary bearing in the channel in front of and behind the throat, the channel is necessarily made larger.

I claim:

1. In a channel-opening throat-plate, the combination, with the guide "c", of the guided, adapted to yield laterally to the curvature or position of the channel.

2. A fixed guide to enter and follow a channel at one side of the awl-passage, in combination with a guide at the opposite side of the awl-passage, adapted to yield laterally to the right or left of the fixed guide, substantially as and for the purpose described. 

January 29,1878

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US 199.790                          Henry O. Cheney

Machinery for Cutting Pegs

Assignor to Louie K. Hutchinson

January 29, 1878

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US 199.802                           Christian  Dancel

Boots & Shoes

This invention relates to a sewing machine specially designed for stitching outsoles to welts. The machine employs a reciprocating curved needle, as in the class of machine represented in Patent US 124.393, granted to Michael J. Stein, that machine, however, being adapted to sew what is known as turned shoes, rather than to sew outsoles to welts. 

Assignor to Charles  Goodyear

January 29, 1878

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FEBRUARY 1878

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US 199.923                       Henry  Moses  Mellor

Knitting Machine

February 5, 1878

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US 199.991                    Marshall  Henry  Pearson

Waxing Devices for Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to make all shuttle-sewing machines capable of sewing with hard-waxed or bees-waxed thread. I claim as my invention:

1. The combination, with the sewing machine and the wax-holder, of a lifting device for the wax, consisting of a cup or pump and mechanism for connecting the same to the operating parts of a sewing machine, whereby the said wax-lifting device is raised and lowered at every reciprocation of the needle and caused to present the melted wax with uniformity for the needle to enter the same, substantially as set forth.

2. The method herein specified of warming the shuttle of the sewing machine and lessening the adhesion of the wax by directing upon such shuttle a jet of steam to warm and moisten the same, substantially as set forth.

February 5, 1878

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US 200.022      Frederick Blackburn  &  Valentine Moeslein

Straw-Braid Sewing Machine

Assignors of three-fifths their right to Henry  Friedberger,  Henry L. Strouse and Bernhard Strouse, the said Bernhard Strouse assignor to Henry Friedberger

Our, invention relates to certain improvements in machines for sewing straw braid for the manufacture of hats, bonnets, &c., the main object of our invention being to improve the devices for feeding and crimping the braid.

We claim as our invention:

1. The within-described feed-rolls for sewing machines, the said rolls being circular with angular extensions, as specified.

2. The combination of the feed-rolls of a sewing machine with the forked crimping plate in and mechanism, substantially as described, for reciprocating said crimping-plate.

3. The combination of the lower feed-roll with the plate I, carried by and moving with the bearing of said lower feed-roll, as and for the purpose set forth.

4. The guide. T and adjustable gage-plate t, in combination with a spring and screw or pin for keeping the two in contact, substantially as specified.

February 5, 1878

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US 200.090                            George  Rehfuss

Sewing Machine Attachment

Assignor to the American Button-Hole Over-Seaming and Sewing Machine Company

February 5, 1878

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US 200.092                         Benjamin  F.  Ryder

Sewing Machine Caster

Assignor to Martin  W.  Foster

 February 5, 1878

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US 200.111                        Joseph  H.  Walker

Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

February 5, 1878

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US 200.225                         Benjamin  F.  Shaw

Method of Knitting Stockings

February 12, 1878

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US 200.305                          James  F.  Hutton

Tension Device for Shuttle

The object of my invention is to construct a simple and effective tension device for shuttle. I claim as my invention:

The combination of the shuttle-casing A, the bobbin B, adapted to bearings in the casing and having a head, b, the lever D, having a short arm adapted to bear upon the periphery of the head b and the screw e, for adjusting the lever, all substantially as specified. I claim as my invention:

The combination of the shuttle-casing A, the bobbin B, adapted to bearings in the casing and having a head b, the lever D, having a short arm adapted to bear upon the periphery of the head b and the screw e, for adjusting the lever, all substantially as specified. 

February 12, 1878

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US 200.431                             G. W. Burgess

Rufflers for Sewing Machine

The said improved ruffler is intended to be applied to the presser-foot bar of a sewing machine, a presser-foot, in my construction of ruffler, constituting part thereof. I claim:

1. The combination of the presser-foot A, the arm C extended therefrom, the bent pendulous and studded bar D, the spring G and the slotted bar E, provided with the toothed rack e and the recessed latch F, all arranged and applied substantially as set forth.

2. The presser-foot A and the plate or projection B, arranged therewith so as to form between them the third place or passage a for the cloth, as set forth, in combination with the arm C, pendulous bar D, spring G and the slotted bar E, provided with the toothed rack e and the recessed latch F, all being substantially as specified.

3. The combination of the furcated gage H, as described, for use with the ruffler, provided with the recess a, arranged with the presser foot A, as set forth.

February 19, 1878

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US 200.452                           George  E.  Hart

Embroidering Attachment for Sewing Machine

Assignor to Amasa Mason

The advantages of my improvement are obvious. The devices have a positive motion, are simple and not liable to get out of order in use and it gives the opportunity of making the presser-foot quite thin, thereby enabling the operator to plainly see his work. 

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

In combination with the presser-foot A, carrying the bracket c' and the fixed laying-hub B and loop-carrier C, the spirally-grooved shaft F, adapted to be operated by a projection upon the needle-bar of a sewing machine and the gears D and E, all constructed and arranged to operate substantially as and for the purpose specified.

February 19, 1878

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US 200.463                        George  A.  Leighton

Circular Knitting Machine

Assignor of one-half his right to William Corey

This invention relates to improvements in knitting machines of the circular class employing a series of latched needles. The cam-cylinder is arranged to be rotated to knit tubular web, or to be reciprocated to fashion the web, or for knitting the heel and toe parts of stockings, as now commonly practiced on hand-operated circular machines. This invention has for its object an improvement in the construction of the cams, where by the yarn-carrier may be attached to the cam-cylinder positively, instead of being attached to a separate ring, to be operated independently when the heel and toe are being made, or when the machine is reciprocated. In this my machine the butts of the needles are elevated and depressed, when the cylinder moves in opposite directions, by means of two pivoted cams, each operating in turn by real son of the butts being alternately above and below it, according to the direction of movement of the cam-cylinder to elevate or draw down the needles. The invention also includes a new construction of needle, whereby it is adapted to rest upon the top of the needle-bed when elevated. It also includes an annulus provided with a rim and open center and a cam to permit the manipulation of the dial-needles with reference to the cylinder-needles, as hereinafter described. It also includes the combination, with the top of the cam-cylinder, of a series of needles provided with tail-pieces and having butts of a length sufficient to project beyond the cylinder, so that they may be engaged by the hand of the operator or otherwise and be quickly lifted into position when it is desired to shape the work, this being done instead of pulling up the needles by their hooks, as now commonly practiced. I claim:

1. The pivoted cams adapted both to elevate and draw down the needles, in combination with springs to hold the cams up and with rests above and below the cams to Sup port their free ends, substantially as and for the purpose described.

2. Two pivoted cams and their springs, adapted to operate substantially as described, in combination with pivoted needle-lifters, to elevate the butts of the needles above the pivots of the cams, substantially as described.

3. As a new article of manufacture, a knitting machine needle provided with a tail-piece and a projecting portion, 2, as and for the purpose described.

4. The combination, with the cam-cylinder, of needles provided with connected tail-pieces and with butts adapted to project horizontally beyond the portion of the cylinder upon which they rest, to permit the butts to be engaged to lift the needles and the tail-pieces below the butts retaining the needles in their grooves when elevated, all substantially as described.

5. The dial-annulus and separable cams b c', pivoted at d'e' and rim a', in combination with the dial-needles, to permit them to be operated to knit or to be drawn out of operative position to hold their loops, all substantially as described.

6. The annulus y, provided with an annular rim, a', to prevent the needles from being drawn completely from their beds and with a central recess to permit access to be had to the butts of the dial-needles, in combination with the dial-bed and its cams b' c', substantially as described.

February 19, 1878

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US 200.508                        Franklin  Chichester

Sewing Machine Chair

February 19, 1878

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US 200.606                              Philip  Diehl

Shuttles

Assignor to The Singer Manufacturing Company

My invention consists of a solid frame shuttle, which exposes the bobbin to view and is without hinge or joint; also, of the combination of the said solid frame shuttle with devices for retaining the bobbin and for operating on the shuttle-thread, all as specified in the claims at the close of this description.

I claim as my invention:

1. A. solid frame shuttle for a sewing machine, consisting, substantially as before set forth, of the jointless bail and plate and means for detachably supporting the bobbin on the bail. 

2. The combination, substantially as before set forth, of the jointless bail and plate frame shuttle with a spring-latch, to hold the bobbin to the bail.

3. The combination, substantially as before set forth, of the jointless bail and plate frame shuttle with the tension-spring to make tension on the shuttle-thread.

4. The combination, substantially as before set forth, of the jointless bail and plate frame shuttle, the tension-spring and the thread-guard.

February 26, 1878

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US 200.788                       Charles  A.  Corman

Peg-Cutter

February 26, 1878

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MARCH 1878

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US 201.024                         Thomas  Langham

Knitting Machine

My invention relates to certain improvements in the knitting machine for which Letters Patent of the United States US 178.167 were granted to me in May 30, 1876, the object of my present improvements being to render automatic the action of the levers which carry the supplementary or figuring threads. I claim as my invention:

1. The combination of the levers E, the ring b and its cams, the recessed ring e and the sleeve F, connected to the said ring e, all substantially as specified.

2. The combination of the levers E, the ring b and its cams and the recessed ring e with devices, operated substantially as described, for causing the partial turning of said ring e, as set forth. 

March 5, 1878

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US 201.040                           Israel  E.  Myrick

Motor for Sewing Machine

Assignor of one-half his right to John F. Hollingsworth

The novelty of this invention consists of an arrangement of a pair of auxiliary, springs and certain wheels adapted to co-operate with main springs and a system of gearing, where by said system of gearing is re-enforced and its power increased and the winding up of the mechanism rendered more readily effective than that of ordinary motors of this class. The special purpose of the motor alluded to is for driving a sewing machine, which, however, is equally suitable for running other light machines. I am aware that motors consisting of gearing and springs have been known but what I claim is an improvement in this class of motors, as herein described, the distinguishing features of which are set forth in the claims as follows. What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. In motors of this class, an improvement consisting of two springs secured at their interior ends to the same shaft B and having upon said shaft the gears P K L, one of which is keyed thereto, one loose thereon and the other in gear with the pinion O, with the wheels K L in gear with the wheels l J, the latter secured to one shaft and having thereon the springs F G, constructed and arranged to operate conjointly, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. In motors, the combination of the gears P K, united together and loose upon the shaft B, with the gear L rigidly thereon and having one or more volute springs connected with said shaft and arranged in such relation to the gears I J and springs F G that the force of the springs C D is transmitted to the gear J by the gear L and thence communicated to the gear K and its upper connections by the gear I co-operating with the action of the springs F G, substantially as and for the purpose specified. 

March 5, 1878

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US 201.260                          John  McCloskey

Take-ups for Sewing Machine

My invention is more especially designed as an improvement on the well-known. Wheeler & Wilson old-style sewing-machines, in which the stitches drawn tight and completed by the rotating hook at the same time that the next stitch is in course of formation, the slack thread that has to be taken up to complete the stitch being detained below the cloth-plate by a brush or pad until the rotating hook can act upon it. My invention may, however, be adapted, to a greater or less extent, to other sewing machines, shuttle as well as hook machines and may be used with straight needles and needle bars, or with vibratory arms and curved needles, as specially shown and described herein after. The object of my invention is mainly to take up and complete each stitch without drawing the needle-thread back through the eye of the needle, thereby obviating the friction and wear upon the thread from its alternate to-and-fro movement through the eye of the needle in passing out to a sufficient extent for the shuttle or bobbin, as the case may be, to pass through its loop and then back and up to complete and tighten the stitch. Its object is, further, with reference to the Wheeler & Wilson sewing machine first above mentioned and other similar machines, to dispense with the pad or brush before mentioned and thereby avoid the friction of the same upon the rotating hook, with the consequent heating of the latter and adjacent parts, resulting at times in so much expansion of the metal parts in contact as to cause imperfect working of the machine; its object being also to tighten the stitch in one direction only at a time and not in two directly-opposite directions, as is the case with the pad or brush machines just mentioned, which unfits them for stitching through heavy fabrics, owing to the great friction of the thread in the fabric. 

March 12, 1878

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US 201.447                         Adolf  Reichenbach

Knitting Machine

Assignor to Gustav Heinrich Neumann

This invention relates to certain improvements in straight-knitting machines, by which important advantages are attained over other machines of the kind.

March 19, 1878

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US 201.590                        Edward  S.  Boynton

Book-Sewing

The object of my invention is to simplify the process of producing the machine-made book patented to me July 17, 1877 and to give a neater and more tasty appearance without impairing the security of the binding. I accomplish this by corrugating or roughening the metal securing-pins inserted with in the loops passed through the center of the folded signatures, which avoids the necessity of turning up the ends of the wires to guard against accidental withdrawal and it also prevents the slipping of the loop upon the wire, thereby greatly enhancing the durability of the book, as it reduces the chances of the loop being worn off in long or hard use. There is also a considerable economy of labor in binding a book by using this improved wire over the use of a smooth wire and turning up both ends. What I claim and desire to secure by Letters. Patent, is:

The combination of a corrugated, twisted, or roughened-surface securing-pin with the cord of which the loops are formed, operating . together to bind a book, substantially in the manner described. 

March 26, 1878

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US 201.629                            Archibald  Paul

Knitting Machine

Assignor of one-half his right to Campbell & Clute

In using a knitting machine which draws the yarn rapidly from a stationary conical bobbin around and along the stem thereof, in the usual manner, the yarn is liable to often wrap around and bind against the stem of the bobbin and thereby produce great and uneven tension on the yarn and sometimes cause the breaking of the latter when it is fine or tender and at the same time the drawing off of each turn of yarn from the bobbin increases or lessens the twist in the yarn one turn and thereby alters the yarn and makes it more liable to kink between the bobbin and the needles of the knitting machine and to curl and get out of the needles when placed there in by the sinker-burror other yarn-feeding device. To avoid or lessen those defects is the principal object of the primary part of this invention, which consists in the combination, with a knitting machine, of mechanism for supporting a conical bobbin and connecting it with the knitting machine, whereby the bobbin is caused to revolve about its own axis at a speed somewhere near and in a direction contrary to, that in which the yarn is unwound from the bobbin in being drawn there from by the knitting machine. A further part of this invention consists in the combination, with a knitting machine, of a support constructed and connected with the knitting machine substantially as hereinafter described, whereby said support is adapted to hold a conical bobbin and revolve it about its own axis.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. In combination with a knitting machine, mechanism, substantially as described, for supporting a conical bobbin and connecting it with the knitting machine, whereby said bobbin is revolved about its own axis in a direction contrary to that in which the yarn is unwound from the bobbin in being drawn off along the stem of the bobbin by the knitting machine, as set forth.

2. In combination with a knitting machine, the support F, connected with the knitting machine by mechanism substantially as described, whereby said support is adapted to hold and revolve a conical bobbin, C, about its own axis, as set forth. 

March 26, 1878

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US 201.797                            Peter  Langlois

Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to provide an improved set of feeding devices for a sewing machine, designed to secure a more positive and uniform feed and to this end the invention consists in locating a swiveling feed-step upon a peculiarly-constructed four-motioned feed and combining it with the same and with operating devices. What I claim as new is:

The vertically-reciprocating bar K, carrying a horizontally-swiveling perforated feed-step g and having a projection i, in combination with the horizontally-reciprocating frame J, the boss H, having cam-groove b, the lever G and the boss D, having cam-groove a, substantially as and for the purpose described.

March 26, 1878

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APRIL 1878

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US 201.914                       George  W.  Copeland

Boot & Shoe Lasting Machine

Assignor to The Copeland Lasting Machine Company

April 2, 1878

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US 201.966                           Peter  Waterston

Sewing Machine

This invention, which is described in English Letters Patent GB 220 of 1877, granted to me, has for its object improvements in lock-stitch sewing machines and relates to an improved wheel or driver, from which motion is communicated to all the working parts of the mechanism. What I claim is:

The combination of driving-wheel A, constructed with a cam-groove E, needle-lever F, looper-lever G and take-up lever H, as and for the purpose set forth.

patented in England, GB 220, January 17, 1877

April 2, 1878

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US 201.987                           Lyman  R.  Blake

Boots & Shoes

This invention relates to sewing machines for sewing leather is an improvement on the machine represented in Patents US 36.163 and US 45.422, to which reference may be had.

April 2, 1878

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US 202.237                          William  C.  Cress

Needles for Sewing Machine

This invention relates to sewing machine needles using two threads and it consists substantially of a needle having two eyes, one for each thread, which eyes are so disposed relatively to each other and the groove of the needle that in the operation of sewing their threads Will be disposed one alongside of the other within the needle-groove and will be one on each side of the axial line of the needle and in such position carried through and laid upon the material being used. What I do claim is:

A sewing machine needle having two eyes, arranged in relation to each other and to the axial line of the needle, to dispose the threads, in the operation of sewing, alongside of one another, substantially as described and for the purpose specified. 

April 9, 1878

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US 202.303                    William  F.  Trowbridge

Presser-Feet for Sewing Machine

Assignor of two-thirds his right to Wilbur F. Brigham & Henry J. Watkins

This invention relates to an improved sewing machine presser-foot and stay-guide for use in stitching stay-straps or saddle-pieces over the uniting-seams of boots and shoes. The stay-strap or saddle-piece, as is well known, extends longitudinally of and over the seam to which applied and is secured in place by two parallel lines of stitching, one on each side of the covered seam. These parallel lines of stitching have been formed simultaneously by a double-needle sewing machine with waxed thread and in the application of the strap there has been used a presser-foot having two needle-slots and in front of said slots a trans verse slot, through which the strap is fed and by which it is guided, the rear portion of the presser-foot resting upon the strap as attached and the stitches as formed, pressing downward with sufficient force to flatten the stitches, close up the needle or awl holes and cause the strap to lie snugly against the material to which applied. The waxed thread used is usually warmed, to soften the wax and render the thread pliable and in practice I have found that in using the presser-foot above referred to, a sufficient quantity of this warm Wax is scraped off the stitches and adheres to and spreads over the rear portion of the bottom of the presser-foot to materially interfere with and retard the feeding of the work, which it causes to adhere to said foot. 

What I claim is:

The combination, with a sewing machine presser-foot having cut through it two longitudinal parallel slots a suitable distance apart for the passage therethrough of the needles or awls of a double-needle sewing machine and a transverse slot across the toe thereof for the passage of stay-strap, of a transverse friction roller or rollers, projecting below the bottom surface of the said presser-foot in the rear of the needle-slots, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. 

April 9, 1878

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US 202.313                            Henry  J.  Watkins

Overseaming attachments for Sewing Machine

Assignor to himself, William F. Trowbridge and Wilbur F. Brigham

This invention relates to an improved sewing machine attachment, whereby is accomplished the lateral movement of the needle plate and presser-foot, so that the needle in its vertical reciprocations will pass alternately through and outside of the work to form an overseam and, further, by which is effected, at proper intervals, the lifting of the presser foot to permit the feeding of the Work. My invention is susceptible of use in connection with the various kinds of sewing machines employing rotary or rock shafts either above or below the work-plate and with slight and obvious modifications of its connecting devices may be adapted to any variety of such machines now in use. What I claim is:

1. A sewing machine attachment, consisting of a needle-plate having a laterally-projecting arm provided with a cam bearing or bearings and moving in suitable guides, combined with a cam operating against said bearing or bearings and mounted upon a shaft and adapted to receive motion from a sewing machine shaft, a presser-foot connected to a standard on the arm of the needle-plate by a pivoted link, a guide-block fitted loosely to a horizontal slide firmly attached to the shank of a presser-foot and adapted for attachment to the presser-foot bar of a sewing machine and a lifting-bar jointed to the presser-foot and adapted for attachment to a sewing machine and operation by a suitable moving part thereof, whereby an overseam may be formed and the presser-foot lifted to allow the material in process of sewing to be fed at alternate stitches, substantially as described.

2. The combination, in a sewing machine attachment, of a needle plate and a connected presser-foot, both adapted for lateral reciprocation in overseaming, with a presser-bar and a lifting-bar connected with the presser-foot and adapted for attachment to a sewing machine, as described, whereby said presser-foot is lifted automatically at every other forward movement of the feeding device of the machine, substantially as set forth.

3. In a sewing machine attachment, the combination of the needle-plate B, having arm B', arranged to move longitudinally in suitable guides and provided with the cam faced standards c c, rotary cam D, adapted to receive motion from a sewing machine shaft, presser-foot L, adapted for lateral movement and connected with plate B and a suitable device for lifting said presser-foot, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

April 9, 1878

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US 202.314                         Henry  J.  Watkins

Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

Assignor of two-thirds his right to Wm. F. Trowbridge & W. F. Brigham

My invention relates to improvements in wax-thread sewing machines and consists in the combination of a vertically-reciprocating awl, a vertically and horizontally reciprocating open-eyed needle, a laterally-reciprocating needle-plate and a laterally and vertically reciprocating presser-foot, for the purpose of sewing two or more materials together in such a manner that the needle and awl shall pass alternately through the work and outside of the same, so as to form a continuous chain or loop stitch on the outside of the edges of the materials that are to be united. I wish to secure by Letters Patent and claim:

1. The combination, in a sewing machine, of a needle moving vertically to make its stitch and vibrating to feed the fabric and a slotted feed-plate and presser-foot, both adapted to reciprocate horizontally at right angles to the line of the feed, for the purpose of moving the fabric alternately away from and across the needle-path, as set forth.

2. In a sewing machine adapted for over seaming leather, the combination of a perforating-awl, a vertically-moving needle adapted to vibrate to feed the fabric, a horizontally-reciprocating needle-plate and a presser-foot adapted to move coincidently there with, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

3. The combination of a reciprocating needle-plate, l, arm x, pivoted upon said plate, a vertically and horizontally reciprocating presser-foot t and a vibrating sewing and feeding needle, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

4. The combination of cam-grooved cylinder o, lever p, having a pin projecting into the groove of said cylinder, the horizontally-reciprocating needle-plate l, pivoted arm x and presser-foot t, substantially as described. 

April 9, 1878

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US 202.567                        William  J.  McDevitt

Cam for Knitting Machine

April 16, 1878

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US 202.602                         Nesbitt  D.  Stoops

Shuttle for Sewing Machine

The object of this invention is:

First, to produce a practically-round shuttle, or one having all of its friction-surfaces formed on curved lines and adapted to have its bobbin inserted from the top instead of through the end, as has been the case heretofore in this class of shuttles. Second, to provide such a shuttle with a reliable, simple and ready means for regulating the tension of its thread and, third, to facilitate the threading of the shuttle.

In accomplishing these purposes my invention consists, first, in providing the pivoted lid of the shuttle with a flat tension-spring located on its upper surface and a combined shuttle-tension spring and latch connected therewith on its lower surface and adapted to be moved by an adjusting-screw extending through the shell of the shuttle, whereby the shuttle-lid may be held in place and the tension adjusted by the same screw; second, in a sewing machine shuttle having a pivoted or hinged top or lid, forming a part of the bobbin case and provided with tapering extension projecting beyond the heel of the shuttle, for the purpose of supporting a slack-thread guard-spring, which also extends beyond the heel of said shuttle, whereby the shuttle-thread is carried back beyond the heel of the shuttle and held down upon the lid during its for ward movement and the needle-loop extended while being drawn up until nearly within the fabric and thus prevented from twisting, while, during the backward throw, its thread is carried out of the path of the needle and bad stitches resulting from the knotting of the needle and shuttle-threads thereby prevented. I claim:

1. The combination, with a shuttle-shell, substantially as herein described, of a pivoted lid having a flat spring arranged upon and attached by one end to its upper surface and a tension-spring and latch connected with said spring and attached to the lower surface of the said lid and adapted to be moved by an adjusting-screw extending through the shell of the shuttle, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. The combination, with a sewing machine shuttle, of a pivoted or hinged lid, forming a part of the bobbin-case and provided with a tapering extension projecting beyond the heel of the shuttle and a slack-thread guard spring, also extending beyond the shuttle-heel and along a portion of the lid, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.  

April 16, 1878

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US 202.695                         Claude  M.  Boland

Glove-Sewing Machine

The invention relates to that class of machines for sewing gloves and furs in which are employed two parallel feed-disks, a reciprocating needle and an oscillating looper and the invention consists in the construction and arrangement of parts, which will be herein after fully set forth and then specifically claimed. I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

1. In a glove-sewing machine, the combination of intermittingly-revolving feed-disks, a reciprocating stitching-needle, a binding-off looper and an adjustable guide-arm for laying over the seam one or more ornamental face-threads, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. The combination of the intermittingly revolving feed-disks, reciprocating stitching needle and binding-off looper with a revolving brush-disk, to clear the edges of fur from hairs in sewing, substantially as specified.

3. The combination of the adjustable feed disk D, horizontal supporting-arm D, encircling spiral spring a and adjusting-lever D with the feed-disk D and frame or casing A, having guide-sockets for the supporting-arm, as and for the purpose set forth.

4. The combination, in a sewing machine, of the lever o, loop o', lever-rod p, curved and recessed arm p', having forked upright post p2 and the swinging lever t, having guide loop s and spring-pressed guide-pieces, the looper-rod F', having arms r r', the shaft and eccentric H i, the needle-bar E2, provided with the yoke it and the casing A', having the rocking bearing n, as and for the purpose here in set forth. 

April 23, 1878

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US 202.721                          Hervey  H.  Hallett

Work-Trimmers for Sewing Machine

The invention consists in the combination of the needle-carrier, the work-support plate, an arm and a work-trimmer pivoted to such arm and provided with a slot to receive the pivot and enable the said trimmer to vibrate within and to be raised out of the slot of the work-support plate, all being substantially as set forth. It also consists in the combination, with the work-trimmer and its carrier, of mechanism for elevating the trimmer out of the path of the shuttle after each descent of the said trimmer in the work. Heretofore, or before adopting the elastic or spring stop, I have used a rigid stop, as will be seen by reference to the Patent US 191.584, granted to me June 5, 1877.

What I claim as of my invention may be stated as follows:

1. In combination with the needle-carrier, the work-support plate and the carrier B, the pivoted work-trimmer A, having a slot a, arranged in it and with its supporting-pivot b, in manner essentially as specified, to enable the said trimmer to vibrate within and to be raised out of the slot of the said work-support plate, all being substantially as set forth.

2. In combination with the work-trimmer, mechanism for elevating it out of the track of the shuttle after each descent of the said trimmer in the work, such mechanism, as shown, being the spring D, affixed to the carrier B. 

April 23, 1878

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US 202.738                           John  McCloskey

Sewing Machine

This invention relates to a machine for producing a stitch by the interlocking of two in dependent threads, the loop of a secondary thread being passed through the loop of a needle-thread and the interlocking of said loops secured by a succeeding loop of the needle-thread. What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. In a sewing machine, a revolving double hook made fast to or in one piece with its shaft and having its hooks or hooked portions arranged to project in the same circular direction for successive operation, in combination with a reciprocating or vibrating needle, whereby the loop is caused to pass the hook only on its face and the nose of the hook shall hold the loop until the cast-off of the hook is reached by the back thread of the loop, in order that both threads of the loop shall pass over the face of the hook and the loop then slip back reversely from the nose, all substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. The revolving double hook H H', constructed with outwardly-projecting wings or guards k in the rear of its hooked portions or hooks proper, essentially as and for the purposes herein set forth.

3. In a sewing machine, a revolving double hook, rigidly fixed upon its shaft, in combination with a bobbin, an eye-pointed needle and connecting mechanism for operating the said parts in unison, whereby the needle is caused to make two descents to one rotation of the said double hook and form a lock-stitch.

4. A thread carrier or looper L, bowed at f and constructed with an eye at its forward end for passage of its thread in a loop form through the loop of the needle-thread, in combination with a rotary hook, a reciprocating or vibrating needle and operating mechanism whereby in its operation a forward and inward motion and an outward and backward motion of the thread-carrier with reference to the needle and rotary hook are secured, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

5. The combination of the revolving double hook H. H', the sewing-needle C, reciprocating secondary thread carrier or looper L and a feeding dog or device and operating mechanism, substantially as described, whereby the proper motions are imparted to the said devices, as set forth.

6. In a sewing machine feed, the combination of two cams, having their longer axes at an angle to one another and a compound strap, which receives positive rising and for ward movement from said cams and operates to give like movement to the feed-dog, substantially as set forth.

7. In a sewing machine feed, the combination, substantially as set forth, of two cams, having their longer axes at an angle to one another and a compound strap, which receives positive up-and-down and to-and-fro movement from said cams and operates to give motion to the feed-dog.

8. In a sewing machine feed, the combination, with the feed-bar and a spring, which tends to move the same backward or back ward and downward, of two cams, having their longer axes at an angle to each other and a compound strap, which receives positive movement from said cams and operates the feed bar against the stress of the spring, substantially as set forth.

9. In a sewing machine, the combination, with the feed-actuating shaft, of the compound cam, the corresponding compound strap, the feed-dog and connecting mechanism, where. by two complete feeding movements are effected by one revolution of the shaft.

10. The compound cam V2 V3, in combination with the compound strap W2 W3 T', the lever Y and the reciprocating secondary thread-carrier L, substantially as described.

11. The needle-thread take-up N N', attached in its rear to a rocking arm P and in combination with an eccentric, Q, on the needle-shaft, essentially as described.

12. In combination with the needle-thread take-up N', the spring device O, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

April 23, 1878

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US 202.749                            Charles  Palmer

Broom-Sewing Machine

Assignor to Edwin A. Hicks, Samuel D. Ogburn, George W. Davis and Thomas K. Davis

April 23, 1878

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US 202.771                           Thomas  P.  West

Presser-Feet for Sewing Machine

My invention relates to a sewing machine presser-foot intended particularly for use in sewing on stays for strengthening seams. For this purpose I have devised a presser-foot which has upon its under side a longitudinal rib or fin and is adjustable laterally or in a line transverse to the feed. The fin is intended to enter the seam and thus to compel the goods to travel in a determinate path. The lateral adjustment is for the purpose of varying at pleasure the distance between the seam and the row of stitches laid by the needle. 

April 23, 1878

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US 202.840                         William  T.  Lemon

Knitting Machine

April 23, 1878

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US 202.857      Robert  Wilson Morrell, Thomas  &  Joseph Parkinson

Sewing Machine

This invention relates to an improved means and apparatus for imparting to the forward feed-bar and to the lateral or sidewise feed-bar the required movements whereby the material being sewed or operated upon is fed to and brought under and held in proper position for the needles. We do not, however, wish it to be understood that we broadly claim a combined lateral and transverse feed for sewing machines, as such is not new, but what we claim as our invention and believe to be new, is:

The combination of the two feed-bars A B, slides L and H', step-cams E and R and cam S, with their levers and connections, substantially as described.

patented in England, July 9, 1874

April 23, 1878

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US 202.908                         James  E.  Wilson

Edge-Trimmer Attachment for Sewing Machine

April 23, 1878

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US 203.035                            John  Haworth

Motor for Sewing Machine

as shown in the patent of James Haworth & W. N. Newell, patent  US 189.624 dated April 17, 1877

April 30, 1878

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US 203.102                            Daniel  Barcellos

Thread-Controller for Sewing Machine

April 30, 1878

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US 203.131                      Alpheus  C.  Gallahue

Peg Machine

April 30, 1878

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US 203.173                           William  J.  Martin

Feeding-Mechanism for Button-Hole Sewing Machine

Assignor to John Brady

April 30, 1878

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MAY 1878

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US 203.287        George M. Morris  &  Joseph P. Hollenbeck

Button-Hole

Assignors to Edward O. House

May 7, 1878

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US 203.530                   Edward  Stanley  Boynton

Book-Sewing Machine

Assignors to  Wheeler & Wilson Manufacturing Company

May 14, 1878

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US 203.789                       Benjamin  F.  Stark

 Caster-frame for Sewing Machines

May 14, 1878

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US 203.791                     Leopold  Sternberger

Treadle Apparatus for applying power to Sewing Machine

May 14, 1878

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US 203.904                          Joseph  L.  Follett

Sewing Machine

May 21, 1878

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US 203.905                          Joseph  L.  Follett

Sewing Machine

May 21, 1878

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US 204.157                          Tolbert  Lanston

Table for Sewing Machine

May 28, 1878

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US 204.219                            Samuel  Hill

Table for Sewing Machine

The first part of my invention relates to a novel arrangement for converting a sewing machine table, when not in use, into a smooth top table by inverting the machine-head and is piece into a box underneath one end of the table. The second part consists of a novel construction and application of the legs of the table, whereby the machine, when folded and the legs detached, can be packed into a smaller compass for transportation than heretofore. My third improvement relates to a method of arranging a series of drawers with the box in which the machine, when inverted, is contained and the fourth relates to an arrangement for leveling the table on an uneven surface.  What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

The table A, provided with the movable cloth-plate J, hinged to the cabinet B by the links a b and provided with a hinged cover n and the end slide P, whereby the machine-head is folded down end for end into the cabinet, as set forth.

May 28, 1878

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US 204.291      E. Brosemann  &  M. Russenberger  &  M. Rosenstock

Shuttle-Driving Mechanisms for Sewing Machine

May 28, 1878

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US 204.294                 William Cook  &  Samuel Hill

Needle-Bar for Sewing Machine

The objects of our invention are to effect the ready and secure connection of the sewing machine needle to and its disconnection from, the needle-bar of the sewing machine, as well as to effect the “setting” of the needle in the bar that is, the fixing of the needle in its proper position with respect to the said bar. We wish it to be understood that we claim as our invention:

The combination, with the bevel or cone headed needle, grooved transversely, as shown and described, of the needle-bar, provided with spring, sliding bolt and knob or stud, to be operated for the release of the needle from without said needle-bar, substantially as shown and set forth. 

patented in England, December 4, 1877

May 28, 1878

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JUNE 1878

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US 204.426                         Frederick  Denzler

Knitting Machine

Assignor to Lamb Knitting Machine Manufacturing Company

June 4, 1878

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US 204.429                       Frederick  D.  Elderfield

Sewing Machine

June 4, 1878

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US 204.533                             Albert  Burgess

Feed-Mechanism for Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to provide a means, in sewing machines, for simultaneously feeding both the upper and under surfaces of the material being operated upon. What I claim as my invention is:

1. The combination of an upper and an under feed-bar, the former being caused to reciprocate within a horizontal movable carriage, which is connected with the latter by means of a pivoted bar attached to the rear of said carriage and extending to the rear and then beneath the bed-plate of the machine and an operating-cam, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

2. The combination of the vertically and horizontally reciprocating feed-bar, the presser-bar, carriage h, pivoted connecting-bar and the operating-cams, the several parts being arranged substantially as shown and described

June 4, 1878

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US 204.572     George Frederick Hildenbrand  &  Peter John Eckes

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

June 4, 1878

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US 204.579                          Thomas  K.  Keith

Feed-Operating Mechanisms for Sewing Machine

Assignor to Moses How

This invention is an improvement on two patents granted to me, respectively,

October 9, 1877, Letters Patent US 195.932 and

November 6, 1877, Letters Patent US 196.909

both relating to a feed-dog adapted to reciprocate in a horizontal direction, the work or material being stitched and thus cause the stitch-forming mechanism to produce a series of elongated stitches of uniform length, which the operator can combine in various ornamental designs by turning the work laterally during the operation, the feed-dog acting as a pivot; the patent of November 6, 1877, relating also to the combination of a reciprocating feed-dog with an ordinary feed for propelling the work in a single direction. The present invention has for its object to enable the length of the stitches to be automatically varied for the purpose of giving greater variety to the ornamental designs produced and to this end it consists, mainly, in the provision of means for automatically varying the length of stroke of the reciprocating feed described in said patents, so that the successive stitches formed while the feed is reciprocating will be of different lengths, the stitches prefer ably increasing in length until two or more are formed and then decreasing in length until a like number are formed, the result being the production of a leaf-like pattern or group of stitches, if the operator turns the work to cause the stitches to radiate or diverge, as described in the above named patents. The invention also consists in the provision of means for rendering inoperative the devices for varying the length of the stitches when the reciprocating feed-dog is depressed and inoperative and the ordinary feed of the machine is in operation. I claim as my invention:

1. The combination of the feed-dog-carrying cross-headd, means, substantially as described, for reciprocating the same and means, substantially as described, whereby the reciprocating movements of the cross-head and feed dog are automatically varied in length, as set forth.

2. The feed-dog-carrying cross-head d, provided with the fixed bearing d1 and pivoted or swinging bearing d2, combined with the cam c', for reciprocating the cross-head, the can I, forming a backing for the bearing d2 and the ratchet J and pawl K, arranged to rotate the cam I when the cross-head is reciprocated, as set forth.

3. The combination of the cam I and ratchet J with the cross-head d, having bearings d1 d2, arranged to be reciprocated by the cam c' and the pawl K, pivoted to the non-reciprocating shaft c, as set forth.

4. The combination of the lever f and arm O with the pawl K, substantially as and for the purpose specified. 

June 4, 1878

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US 204.599                          Frank  D.  Palmer

Straw-Braid Sewing Machine

I have in my experiments used a sewing machine which is, in other respects than the presser-foot and the means for operating the presser-foot, in accordance with the machine described in the patent to me,  US 181.590, dated August 29, 1876. In that machine the presser-foot was held at a certain level all the time after the goods were properly introduced. My present invention automatically raises the presser-foot by means independent of the feeding devices and leaves the hat practically free at the moment while the measured feeding forward of the braid is being accomplished. It then forces down the presser-foot to an exactly-predetermined extent, which may be considerably lower than was allowable with the old machine and thus compresses the braid forcibly and reliably to a uniform thickness. The needle, being mounted to work to a uniform distance below the surface of the fabric, always conceals the stitch on the front face, while allowing the needle to grasp a nearly uniform proportion of the material under all circumstances. I claim as my invention:

The presser-foot D and operating mechanism C B', in combination with the separate head-block E', having separate pressing mechanism E and with a gage-screw D2, adapted to not only gage the level to which the work may be compressed, but also to permit the presser-foot to rise when the head-block is raised, as and for the purposes herein specified.

June 4, 1878

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US 204.604                          John   Heberling

Running-Stitch Sewing Machine

In digitizing this patent, the first page relating to the description of the patent was incorrectly associated with another patent and the other page/s, relating to the description of the patent of this document, was/were probably lost or assigned to a different patent.

(See here)

June 4, 1878

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US 204.648                             Walter  Aiken

Knitting Machine

The machine, which is applicable to what by knitters are termed “straight-knitting-machines” or those which knit a web of cloth in contradistinction to such as knit tubular work, automatically determines the times or periods of narrowing, thereby, in order that the fabric, whether it be an undershirt or other garment, may be correctly knit with little or no assistance on the part of an attendant.  What I claim as of my invention is as follows:

1. The pattern-wheel, as described, having pin-receiving holes and provided with mechanism for revolving it and for moving it laterally, as specified, in combination with the two shafts A B, their pulleys C C D D and belts E E' and the tighteners F F and latch H, all being arranged and applied substantially and to operate as set forth.

2. The pattern-wheel, as described, having pin-receiving holes and provided with mechanism for revolving it and moving it later. ally, as specified, in combination with the lever N', having the tooth n and the retractive spring n' and with the two shafts A B, their pulleys C C' D D' and belts E E' and their tighteners F. F' and latch H, all being arranged and applied substantially and to operate as set forth.

3. The combination of the pattern-wheel, perforated as described and provided with mechanism for revolving it and moving it laterally, as specified, with the abutment N and with the two shafts A B, their pulleys C C', D D' and belts E E' and the tighteners F F' and latch H, all being essentially as specified.

June 11, 1878

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US 204.724                              Max  Gritzner

Table and Chair for Sewing Machine

I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, the combination of a sewing machine table and its side standards or supports with a movable chair constructed, substantially as shown and described, so that the latter may constitute, with the table, its side supports, and back, a perfect and ornamental case, in closing the driving mechanism, and capable of being locked up, substantially as shown and set forth. 

June 11, 1878

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US 204.776                         Cornelius  B.  Veronee

Motor-power attachment for Sewing Machine

My invention relates to certain improvements in motor-power attachments for sewing machines. If desired, my improvement may be secured to the machine so as to project from its rear side and be operated by a child or lady on that side thereof, instead of from the front side, as is usual. What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

A motor-power attachment for sewing machines, consisting in the combination, with the upright hand-lever pivoted to the elbow-arm, which latter is adapted to be detachably secured to a machine, of the horizontal pitman which connects with the driving-wheel, substantially as set forth. 

Assignor of one-half his right to James Bancroft

June 11, 1878

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US 204.789                            Henry  Barclay

Clamps for Sewing Machine Needles

The improvement is applicable to any needle-bar or to other needle-carriers, whether they procate in right lines or in an arc of a circle. The object of the invention is to provide a more convenient means of clamping a sewing machine needle than has hitherto been supplied. This I accomplish by my improvement and at the same time I clamp the needle securely. I claim:

The combination of the slotted or perforated needle-bar, the grooved clamping-pin and the spring H, attached to the needle-bar and engaging the said clamping-pin, substantially as described, whereby the said clamping-pin is forced endwise for clamping the needle in the slot or perforation of the needle-bar and the groove of the clamping-pin, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

June 11, 1878

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US 204.864                            Lionel  Varicas

Broom-Sewing Machine

June 11, 1878

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US 204.873                           Eugene  Moreau

Button-Hole

Assignor to Moreau Machine Manufacturing Company

My invention relates to certain improvements in that class of sewing machines chiefly designed for embroidering and stitching button-holes.

patented in England,  GB 3.614   November 6, 1873

June 11, 1878

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US 204.943                              Gaylord  Bell

Driving Attachments for Sewing Machine

June 18, 1878

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US 204.954                             Albert  Decker

This invention relates to such improvements in the fly or band wheels of sewing machines that the fly-wheel may be allowed to turn loosely on its shaft when winding up the bobbin, so as to prevent the running of the machine, save the wear of the same and dispense with the necessity of taking the work out of the machine while winding up the bobbin. The invention consists of a fly-wheel that is applied, either fixed or loose, by means of a fixed collar and by a detachable outer collar, to the end of the main shaft of the sewing machine, in connection with an adjustable clamp-screw.  I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

The combination, with the main shaft of a sewing machine, having a fixed collar and square end, of a fly-wheel placed loosely there on and clamped by a loose outer collar and adjustable clamp-screw, substantially as shown and described.

June 18, 1878

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US 204.963                           Hugh  Gerred

Boot & Shoe Lasting Apparatus

June 18, 1878

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US 205.167                             Walter  Aiken

Knitting Machine

A new and useful mechanism for throwing into and out of action, at proper periods of time, two shafts constituting parts of or for actuating the knitting and narrowing mechanisms of a straight-knitting machine. With my invention applied to the driving shafts of the knitting and narrowing mechanisms of a knitting-machine, I am enabled to operate the knitting mechanism thereof very much faster, and thereby greatly increase the amount of Work done, comparatively speaking. What I claim as my invention is The combination, substantially as described, for alternately putting the two shafts A B in revolution, such consisting of the shaft G, sleeve F, cam Q, lever P, spring R, pawl 8, ratchet-wheel O, toothed wheel N, toothed le. ver M, notched abutment L, spring m, cam I, duplex flanged gear E, plain gear H, studs ef ik, and circular heads D l, all being arranged and applied essentially in manner as shown, and to operate as specified.

June 25, 1878

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US 205.243                         August  C.  Carey

Sewing Machine Needles

This invention relates to sewing machine needles and consists in providing the needle with a thread-cutting portion at its shank or part against which the holding-screw operates, just below the end of the needle-bar. Thread-cutters have been commonly used in connection with sewing machine needle-bars, throat-plates and presser-feet; but never before this has a thread-cutter been made as a permanent part of the needle. I claim:

As an improved article of manufacture, a sewing machine needle provided at or near its shank with a thread-cutting edge, to operate substantially as and for the purpose described.

June 25, 1878

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US 205.254                      William  Taylor  Elliott

Sewing Machine Shuttle

The object of this invention is to furnish an improved sewing machine shuttle, which shall be so constructed that the bobbin may be readily put in and taken out, that it will hold the bobbin securely and will enable any desired tension to be given to the thread. I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

1. The combination, in a sewing machine shuttle, with the body and spring-lever, of the spindle, provided with disks, to constitute a bobbin, also with an annular groove and with a point, c, that works in a hole at the forward end of said body.

2. The combination, with the spindle and its disks and the spring-holder therefor, of the body of the shuttle, having the parallel longitudinal slots and a flattened portion, forming one side of an angular projection or rib, having slits a2 a3 a4, to receive the thread and the flat pivoted spring B, all as shown and described.

June 25, 1878

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US 205.315                           Daniel  J.  Tapley

Cutting Attachments for Sewing Machine

June 25, 1878 

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US 205.336                           Satterlee  Arnold

Stopping Mechanism for Knitting Machine

The nature of my invention relates to circular-knitting machines and it consists in the arrangement and combination of parts where by the machine is rendered more perfectinits operation. What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. In a circular-knitting machine, the burr G, located between the sinker-burr C and landing-burr E, in combination with the movable support H and a spring d, whereby the said burr G is caused to operate upon the new loops between the needles, or move into deeper engagement therewith when the new loops fail, substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.

2. In a circular-knitting machine, the combination of the web-depresser I, movable support H and burr G, said burr engaging with the needles and mounted on the movable support which is connected with the web-depresser, substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.

3. In a circular-knitting machine, the burr G, located between the sinker-burr C and landing-burr E, in combination with the web-depresser I and movable support H, substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.

4. In a circular-knitting machine, the combination of the stopping mechanism, the web-depresser I, the stop-operating mechanism Q O R, the burr G, engaged with the needles, and a movable support H, connected with the web-depresser, whereby, when the new loops fail, the burr will move inward and thereby release the web-depresser, so as to cause the latter to actuate the stopping mechanism, as set forth.

June 25, 1878

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JULY 1878

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US 205.532                       William  Duchemin

Sewing Machine Bobbin Winder

July 2, 1878

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US 205.663                         William H.  McNary

Knitting Machine

Assignor to John V. D. Reed

My invention is more specially applicable to that class of rotary and flat machines in which a desired form is given to the article knitted by controlling the rotary or lateral motions of the needles during the process of knitting and for improvements for which Letters Patent have been heretofore granted to me.

The needle-ring B' receives its step-by-step and oscillatory motion from the switch-wheel cupon the main driving-shaft in a similar manner to that described in Patent US 64.241 dated April 30, 1867.

July 2, 1878

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US 205.675                          George  M.  Peters

Guide Attachment for Sewing Machine

The object of my invention is to employ the sewing machine in sewing materials on one or more sides of a cylindrical body. To accomplish this object it is necessary that the material while being sewed should be pressed close up to the cylindrical body at that point where the seam is to be made and, further, that the material should be held in that position while the seam is being stitched. This object my invention accomplishes and enables the operator of the sewing machine to make such a seam in a workmanlike manner and also to sew such seams far more expeditiously than they can be done by the method now in use-viz., the method of sewing by hand. My invention consists, in general, of a raised needle-plate and a presser-foot, the under surface of the latter being adapted to cover a greater or smaller part of the upper surface of the cylindrical body around which the material to be sewed is fastened. What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The raised needle-plate B, in combination with a presser-foot the bottom of which is shaped to hold the material closely down upon and partially around the body to be covered and down upon that portion of material on the needle-plate, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. The combination of presser-foot E, needle-plate B, elevated above the level of the feed-plate and lip F, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

3. The combination of presser-foot E, needle-plate B, elevated above the level of the feed-plate, feed-plate D and lip F, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

4. The combination, substantially as specified, of a raised needle-plate, presser-foot and feed-plate, moving above the table in a plane below that of the needle-plate and formed to give lateral support to the article undergoing the operation of sewing.

5. The combination, substantially as specified, of a raised needle-plate and a feed-plate moving above the table in a plane below that of the needle-plate and formed to give lateral support to the article undergoing the operation of sewing.

July 2, 1878

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US 205.698                        William  J.  Stewart

Sewing Machine

July 2, 1878

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US 205.904                           George  Rehfuss

Sewing Machine

Assignor to the American Button-Hole Over-Seaming and Sewing Machine Company

July 9, 1878

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US 205.922                       Charles  P.  St. John

Sewing Machine

July 9, 1878

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US 205.966                            James  A.  Lakin

Presser-Foot for Sewing Machine

My invention relates to a device for sewing an open seam so that the two parts of the material which is sewed, when held apart or opened out, may beheld together by the stitches formed and yet may occupy a position in the same plane, with their edges more or less distant from each other. To this end my invention consists of a horizontal piece or foot, provided with a guiding edge on its upper and lower sides for guiding the work, a hole through it for the passage of the needle, an opening or slot to permit the stitches to pass out after being formed and a shank by which to attach it to the presser-bar of a sewing machine. I am aware that devices lave heretofore been made to be attached to sewing machines for accomplishing similar work, as shown in patent to A. I. Rumpff, 1869 and others and I do not claim the same irrespective of my construction thereof as hereinbefore described. Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new is:

1. The horizontal piece B, provided with the guiding-shoulders c and c', the needle-hole e and the opening c', combined with the shank A, adapted to be attached to the presser-bar of a sewing machine and having the offset or recess a, for the sewed work to pass through, substantially as described.

2. The combination of the part B, provided with the guiding-shoulders c and c', the needle-hole e and opening e', the shank A, adapted to be secured to the presser-bar of a sewing machine and the work-presser C, all substantially as and for the purpose described.

July 16, 1878

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US 206.029                             Albert  Leavitt

Sewing Machine

Assignor to David Whittemore

My invention relates to devices for feeding or causing the material to progress while being stitched on a machine which employs as a part of its stitch-forming mechanism a hook-needle and “cast-off” operated beneath the work plate, the needle passing up through the material and serving to feed the same in the process of stitching and my invention consists in certain details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts and devices for supporting the work and causing the same to progress by means of the needle and constituting an improvement upon what is termed a “needle-feed. What I claim as my invention is:

1. In a wax-thread sewing machine employing an awl above and a hook-needle and cast off below the work-plate, the supporting post or frame, composed of parts A B, forming, when united, the curved slot or slidleway p and connected at their tops by the plate C, all constructed, combined and arranged as and for the purposes specified.

2. The combination of the work-support, constructed as described, with block J, needle-bar G, cast-off bar H, pivoted block F and rock shaft K, all constructed and arranged to operate together, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

July 16, 1878

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US 206.035                            Eugene  Moreau

Turn-Tables for Sewing Machine

Assignor to Moreau Machine Manufacturing Company

My invention relates more particularly to that class of sewing machines designed to work button-holes, embroider, &c. and it has for its object to provide a means for changing the direction of the movement of the shuttle and the line of sewing to any desired angle from its normal position. It consists in the combination, with the bed plate in a sewing machine, of a circular turn table let into a recess or opening in the bed plate of corresponding form and having in it the shuttle-race, in which the shuttle is carried by suitable mechanism operated from beneath the bed-plate, the said turn-table being connected in any proper manner with the needle bar of the machine to cause them both to turn simultaneously with each other and in the same direction, for the purpose of keeping the loop of needle-thread always in the same position with respect to the shuttle-race, or at right angles with the travel of the shuttle. What I claim as new therein and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. In combination with a sewing machine frame or bed-plate, a circular turn-table B, having a shuttle-race cut therein diametrically across it and arranged to turn within a recess or opening in the bed-plate, whereby the shuttle-race and its shuttle may be turned at any desired angle across the bed-plate, substantially as herein set forth and described.

2. In a sewing machine, the turn-table B, having a shuttle-race, in combination with the movable needle-bushing, connected, substantially as described, to the said turn-table, so as to turn therewith, for the purpose set forth.

July 16, 1878

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US 206.094                           David  E.  Dutrow

Sewing Machine Stoppers

My invention relates to an attachment to the driving-wheel of a sewing machine whereby the machine may be stopped when the needle is in its highest position and out of the fabric or other position and also relates to a means of preventing the wheel, when starting, from moving backward. My invention consists in applying an auxiliary treadle operating a pawl, which will engage notches in the periphery or side of the driving-wheel of a sewing machine, at such points when the needle is in its highest or other position and it consists, also, in attaching to said auxiliary treadle a stop, which, when depressed, will engage pins on the said driving-wheel and prevent a backward motion, but will not interfere with the motion of the wheel when not depressed. What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination, with a balance or other wheel provided with notches a, a and intervening spaces, of a buffer B, treadle C and rod D, whereby the said buffer may be caused to act upon the periphery of the wheel previous to engaging with the notches thereof, as and for the purposes set forth.

2. The driving-wheel of a sewing machine provided with pins e, in combination with the buffer g, operated by mechanism substantially as described, whereby the operator may control the same, substantially as described

3. The treadle C, carrying the stop B and buffer g, in combination with the rod D and arm-stop c, whereby said stop and buffer may be operated by the arm of the operator, substantially as described.

July 16, 1878

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US 206.178                              Orison  Huff

Pegging Machine

July 23, 1878

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US 206.203        John E. Wheeler  &  Martin V. B. Ethridge

Boot & Shoe Lasting Machine

Martin V. B. Ethridge Assignor to John E. Wheeler

July 23, 1878

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US 206.239                        James  Alford  House

Sewing Machine

My invention relates to improvements in feeding devices or attachments for sewing machines for ornamental stitching, such as embroidery and flossing and for working button-holes and eyelets, especially designed for the well-known Wheeler & Wilson machine. My improvements are, however, applicable to other machines which make the lock-stitch. In this instance they are shown as adapted to the Wheeler & Wilson No. 6 machine, which is generally similar to the sewing machines illustrated and described in an application for Patents filed by me in May 8, 1878 (maybe was US 210.036 November 19, 1878 but filled in May 6, 1878) and in sundry Letters Patent US 124.360 dated March 5, 1872.

July 23, 1878

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US 206.317                          Hermann  C.  Gros

Boot & Shoe

July 23, 1878

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US 206.329                           Abel  P.  Holcomb

Sewing Machine Attachment

Assignor to Huntley Holcomb & Hine

July 23, 1878

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US 206.354                         Samuel  Peberdy

Knitting Machine Needles

July 23, 1878

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US 206.375                         Joseph  C.  White

Sewing Machine Bobbin Winder

July 23, 1878

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US 206.513                         Daniel  Williamson

Sewing Machine

Assignor to Daniel Beckley and Sybilla Williamson

July 30, 1878 

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AUGUST 1878

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US 206.667                  G. H. Dimond  &  S. D. Castle

Fur-Controlling Guide for Sewing Machine

The object of our invention is to sew fur by a sewing machine and show no seam. It is accomplished by pressing the hair back from the line of stitching. It is effected by so shaping a guide that it turns the hair out of the path of the needle as the skin is fed along and the invention is chiefly to be found in the shape of the guide, which is that of the moldboard of a plow and it acts precisely as such a moldboard acts in earth or snow, turning the hair back upon the skin and clearing the line for the needle. What we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

A fur-controlling guide for sewing machines, having one or more curvilinear-shaped blades to turn the hair out of the line of the seam, constructed and operating substantially as described.

August 6, 1878

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US 206.669                        Thomas  D.  Emery

Sewing Machine Attachment

Assignor of one-half his right to William  S. Nash

August 6, 1878

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US 206.717                       Tristram H. Fletcher

Pegging Machine

August 6, 1878

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US 206.743         W. Martin jr.  &  D. K. Dawson  &  R. Orchar

Sewing Machine

August 6, 1878

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US 206.768                            Samuel  J.  Baird

Button-Hole Attachment for Sewing Machine

Assignor to George Trull

My invention relates to improvements in button-hole attachments of the same class as those shown and described in sundry Letters Patent of the United States heretofore granted me, my present invention resembling, more or less, in general features of construction and mode of operation, the inventions shown in such patents, among which may be mentioned

Reissue US RE 4.794, of March 12, 1872;

Patent US 117.364, of July 25, 1871;

Patent US 134.346 and Patent US 134.347, of December 31, 1872 and

Patent US 159.740, of February 16, 1875.

My improvements consist in novel organizations of parts and certain combinations of devices hereinafter first fully described and then specifically designated by the claims. I claim as of my own invention:

1. The combination of the chambered turret, the single ratchet-wheel inclosed therein, the crown-wheel also inclosed in the turret, the screw-shaft on which the ratchet-wheel and clown-wheel are mounted in contact with each other and the covering-plate closing the opening into the turret and confining the ratchet and crown-wheel therein, all substantially as hereinbefore set forth, whereby the parts are protected, confined in a small space and may readily be removed.

2. The combination of the turret, the ratchet-wheel, the driving-shafts, the adjustable cross bar connecting the driving-shafts and the rod adjustably connected with said bar, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

3. The combination of the casing having a chambered turret, the reciprocating driving shafts, the single ratchet-wheel, the vertically rotating crown-wheel connected to the ratchet and inclosed with it in the turret, the horizontal master-wheel engaging with the crown wheel beneath the casing top and at the base of the turret, the vertical cam-shaft E and its pinion driven directly by the master-wheel, substantially as and for the purpose described.

4. The combination, substantially as herein before set forth, of the intermittently-operated ratchet-wheel, the crown-wheel, the master wheel driven thereby, the cam-shaft E, its pinion, the cloth-clamp-oscillating lever pivoted at its heel and its cam-frame or shifting-plate provided with a slot in which the two wipers of the cam-shaft operate, in the manner specified.

5. The combination, substantially as herein before set forth, of the cloth-clamp-oscillating lever pivoted at its heel, the cam-frame or shifting-plate having the inclined slot G' in its front end, the cam-shaft E, working in said slot and provided with the wipers h h', the adjusting-landle or turning-lever interlocking with the casing top, and its crank-arm and pill engaging the slot in the rear end of the shifting-plate.

6. The combination of the oscillating lever F, pivoted at its heel, the reciprocating cloth-clamp, the double-racked plate, the rack-engaging pinion, the rack-adjusting frame L, the cam-frame or shifting-plate by which the lever F is oscillated and the handle or turning lever operating both the said cam-frame and the adjusting-frame, these members being constructed and operating substantially as hereinbefore set forth.

7. The combination, substantially as herein before set forth, of the double-racked bar, its adjusting-frame slotted at the rear, the crank working in said slot, the bent rod connected to said frame at front and turning in the casing and the lug on the heel of the frame between which and the crank the rod passes.

8. The combination of the master-wheel, the pinion on its shaft, the great pinion driven thereby, the rack-pinion and the laterally-adjustable rack-bar, substantially as and for the purposes specified. 

August 6, 1878

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US 206.774                        Nathaniel  A.  Conklin

Automatic Thread-Tension for Sewing Machine

The object of my inventionis to provide for furnishing a sewing machine at the time of making each stitch and in a simple and inexpensive manner, with the exact quantity of thread required to form a stitch. To this end the invention consists in the combination, with the means for operating the needle, of a tension device, whereby the thread required to form a stitch is caused to be drawn out on the descent of the needle-bar and one portion of the thread is caused, directly or in directly, to bind and hold another part, so as to obstruct the drawing of thread from the spool save at the proper time. What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. In a sewing machine, the combination, with the means for operating the needle, of a tension device, whereby at certain times during the operation of the needle one portion of the thread used in sewing is caused, directly or indirectly, to bind or act as a brake on all other portion, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

2. In a sewing machine, the combination, with a vibrating needle-arm, provided with an eye for the reception of the thread used in sewing, of a fixed arm extending from the frame of the machine and provided with two eyes for the reception of the said thread, whereby during the operation of the machine one portion of the thread is caused to directly bind or act as a brake on another portion, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

August 6, 1878

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US 206.848                    H. Wollenberg  &  J. Priesner

Fur-Guide for Glove Sewing Machine

Our invention consists of a mechanism by which motion is given to a blunt blade, the function of which is to draw down the hair during the sewing of the skins by the machine. This mechanism may easily be stopped in its action in the manner hereinafter described, while the mechanism by which the sewing is performed continues its work. Persons acquainted with the trade must know that there are sometimes small rents in the fur-skins, which are better mended with out the help of the new mechanism by putting down the hair with the hand with the help of a little piece of wood. The work is in such a case done much more slowly; but occasion for doing it is seldom and the seams to be made are very short. If such a case occurs the mechanism is easily stopped by the herein after-mentioned means. The principal advantage of our machine for sewing fur-skins is the sewing together of two pieces of fur-skins in such a way that the seam is faultless, skillfully made and that the work is done in much less time than it is possible for a furrier to do it by hand. What we claim as novel and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

The combination, with the stitch-forming and feeding mechanism of a glove-sewing machine, of the blunt blade "n" and mechanism, substantially as described, for operating the same, whereby the hair of fur-skins is drawn away from the line of stitching, substantially as and for the purpose described.

patented in England, May 26, 1877

August 6, 1878

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US 206.992            Edward S. Young  &  George H. Diamond

Sewing Machine

The invention consists in the combination, in a braid-sewing machine, of the following instrumentalities, viz: A throat-plate, a guide to embrace both edges of the braid being delivered to be stitched, means to adjust such guide laterally with relation to the needle-hole, a guide connected with the presser-shank and made laterally-adjustable with reference to the presser-foot and needle-hole, the adjustment of the upper and lower guide with relation to the needle-hole and each other regulating the amount of lap of the braid being delivered under the edge of the superimposed braid already stitched to form a part of the head-covering, substantially as hereinafter described. The machine herein shown is one of the well known  Wheeler & Wilson No. 8. We claim:

1. In a braid-sewing machine, the combination, with the throat-plate and a guide to embrace both edges of the braid being delivered to be stitched and means to adjust such guide laterally with relation to the needle-hole, of a guide connected with the presser-shank and made laterally adjustable with reference to the presser-foot and needle-hole, the adjustment of the upper and lower guide with relation to the needle-hole and each other regulating the amount of lap of the braid being delivered under the edge of the superimposed braid already stitched to form a part of the head covering, substantially as described.

2. The presser-bar and its laterally-attached guide h for the upper braid, combined with the presser-foot l, made vertically adjustable upon said bar and with reference to the guide, substantially as and for the purpose described.

3. The presser-bar, presser-foot l and the guide h, to govern the edge of the upper piece of braid and the independently-adjustable guides r s, movable over the bed-plate "a" to control the under braid, combined with a separator m, to keep the two braids apart just in advance of the point where the needle penetrates through them, substantially as described.

4. The presser-foot bar and its attached guide for the edge of the upper braid, combined with the separator and holding-down finger, substantially as and for the purpose described. 

August 13, 1878

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US 207.004                            Eloi  Bouscay

Shuttle for Sewing Machine

My invention relates to improvements in sewing machine shuttles; more especially in that class of the same which does not require the thread to be passed endwise through an eye formed in the shuttle, but which provides an open end slot extending forward from the heel of the shuttle, so as to permit the thread to be passed laterally into said slot and from thence carried forward to be connected with the tension spring. Hitherto, the tension springs used with this class of shuttles have been of such character as required them to be removed, raised or otherwise displaced from their operative position upon the shuttle, in order to engage the thread therewith.

I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination, with a shuttle, of a tension-spring formed with the angular-arm projection, adapted to permit the thread to be passed beneath the same without displacement of the main body of the spring, substantially as set forth.

2. The combination, with a shuttle formed with the transverse recess in its outer side body, of a tension-spring provided with the angular. arm projection fitting into said recess and which is adapted to have the thread passed under the same and thereby secured in proper tension without passage endwise through an eye thereof or by being passed beneath the main body of the spring, substantially as set forth.

3. The combination, with a shuttle formed with the diagonal open-end slot and the connecting longitudinal slot, of the tension-spring, which is made with the open-slotted eye and the angular-arm projection, beneath which latter the thread is passed, the same being adapted to have the thread held in proper tension without passage endwise through eyes formed either in the shuttle or spring and without being passed beneath the main body of the spring, substantially as set forth.

4. The combination, with a shuttle provided both with a notch in its heel and with the slot which leads therefrom, of a lid, whose free end is held in said notch by the spring-pressure of the slotted shuttle, said lid being hinged directly to the body of the shuttle, which latter is formed of increased thickness at this point, substantially as set forth.

August 13, 1878

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US 207.029                              Adam  Greiss

Knitting Machine

My invention consists of a rotary cylinder having perforations for the reception of the shanks or heels of the needles and an under-cut or groove on the under face of the cylinder, with which the perforations communicate, whereby, should the shanks or heels break when in the perforations, they may be driven inwardly through the perforations into the groove, from whence they will fall on the head below and they will there work out, or they may be removed through the space between the head and cylinder. What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

The needle-cylinder A, having on its under face an under-cut or groove B, communicating with the openings at in the wall of the cylinder and with the space between the cylinder and head below it, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. 

August 13, 1878

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US 207.035         Clara P. Hoffman  &  Nicholas Meyers

Blind-Stitch Sewing Machine

Assignor to Clara P. Hoffman

August 13, 1878

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US 207.044                             Thomas  Lamb

Sewing Machine

August 13, 1878

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US 207.173           James W. Furbush  &  John Perley

Feeding Devices for Button-Hole Sewing Machine

The invention consists of a mechanical movement whereby segmental and differential gearings are employed to produce, as required and in the same work, both slow and rapid motion. Without change of action in the machinery and which movement is particularly adapted to that class of machines used for stitching button-holes and which machine we take to illustrate said mechanical movement and as applied to said machine we say our invention consists of a mechanical movement applied to a button-hole stitching-machine and this movement as applied to said machine is effected by means of segmental and differential gearing in combination with a cam. As we make no claim of invention or improvement in said button-hole stitching machine, except in the movement of the feeding mechanism, we shall confine our specification, so far as we can, to that part of the machine, adopting the devices for communicating motion already in use. Our invention also relates particularly to that class of button-hole machines where the needle-carrying box is moved laterally after each stitch by means of a cam.

No button hole stitching machine of this class was in use prior to that invented by Daniel W. G. Humphrey, patent US 36.617 dated October 7, 1862.

In June 13, 1871, said Daniel W. G. Humphrey also obtained Letters Patent US 115.857 for improvements upon his first invention.

What we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination of the external gearing E and F, which are secured to the shaft J, with the segmental gearing D, which has abutments f and g, the segmental gearing D and the hub H, all combined together substantially in the manner and for the purpose shown and described.

2. In a button-hole stitching-machine, the driving gear-wheel F, secured to the shaft J, the segmental gear E, secured to said gear-wheel F, the segmental gear D, provided with abutments f and g and the semicircular gear D, revolving about the hub H, in combination with the cam C, substantially in the manner and for the purpose shown and described.

August 20, 1878

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US 207.230                           James  Wensley

Sewing Machine

August 20, 1878

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US 207.340                           Lyman  R.  Blake

Boot & Shoe

August 27, 1878

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US 207.454                          Aurelius  Steward

Sewing Machine

This invention relates to sewing machines of the Wheeler & Wilson No 8 class and is specially designed as an improvement upon the machines described in United States Letters Patent US 175.463, US 124.360 and US 145.570, to which reference may be had. 

Assignor to Wheeler & Wilson Manufacturing Company

August 27, 1878

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SEPTEMBER 1878

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US 207.648                           Edward  Flather

Thread-Cutters Attachment

September 3, 1878

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US 207.692                          Eddy  T.  Thomas

Braid-Guide for Sewing Machine

Assignor to Gold Medal Sewing Machine Company

This invention relates to improvements in that class of braiding-guides for sewing machines in which is used a laterally-extended grooved arm for leading the braid to a needle hole of round or ordinary form and the invention consists in a throat-plate provided with a V-shaped needle hole or passage, the small end of the said passage pointing in the direction toward which the material being braided is being moved. I claim:

1. The improved braiding-guide or throat plate, provided with a V-shaped passage d, for the braid and the needle, the smaller contracted end of the V-shaped passage being made to point in the direction of the forward movement of the feed, to guide and centralize braids of different widths, substantially as described.

2. The throat-plate provided with the feed opening and the V-shaped braid and needle passage d, combined with the connected and laterally-extended arm f, to operate substantially as described.

September 3, 1878

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US 207.745                           Pierre  F.  Jonte

Treadle-Movements for Sewing Machine

The nature of my invention relates to a device whereby an ordinary treadle-movement of a sewing machine is changed into a continuous rotary motion and being adjustable in minute degrees to increase or decrease in its speed with a given speed of the treadle, important feature is that the sewing machine cannot be run backward and hence the operator, on moving the treadle in either direction, will at once move the machine in the forward course. This saves the operator much mental labor, as in the ordinary treadle using the band-wheel, crank and pitman or their equivalents, the mind is under constant strain to prevent the machine starting backward and disarranging the work. What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination, with the shaft G, of the fly-wheel F, keyed thereon, the single eccentric-clutch H, mounted on a stud f, projecting from the hub of the said fly-wheel and the loose pulleys E E', mounted on the shaft on each side of the fly-wheel and engaging alternately with opposite sides of the single eccentric-clutch, substantially as described and shown.

2. The adjustable clamps d d', to vary the speed or power of said device, as herein specified.

September 3, 1878

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US 207.763                         William  Menkhoff

Straw-Braid Sewing Machine

Assignor to Henry Friedberger

My invention relates to certain improvements in the straw-braid-sewing machine for which Letters Patent US 200.022 were granted to the assignees of Frederick Blackburn and Valentine Moeslein on the 5th day of February, 1878, the main object of my invention being to improve the construction and operation of the feeding and needle-guiding devices of the machine.

I claim as my invention:

1. The combination of the feed-roll "a1", having toothed rings, as described, with the grooved crimping-plate "E", adapted to said roll, all substantially as set forth.

2. The combination of the feeding devices, the needle and an adjustable disk or plate "m", having a cam-slot "n", as specified.

3. The combination of the feeding devices, the needle, the pivoted disk "m", having a cam slot "n" and toothed periphery and the operating-screws, as set forth

September 3, 1878

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US 207.911                        Roswell  H.  St. John

Sewing Machine

September 10, 1878

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US 207.928                          Richard  G.  Wood

Sewing Machine

This invention relates to that class of sewing machines which are employed for stitching the customary leather coverings on carriage dashes, bows, fenders, guards, &c. and the first part of my improvements comprises a novel construction of the main frame of the machine.

September 10, 1878

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US 208.021                              Rufus  Leavitt

Shuttles

This invention relates to improvements in shuttles for sewing machines and has reference specially to the devices for regulating the tension of its thread. In this my invention tension upon the shuttle-thread is produced by a button or head attached to a swinging latch, which closes the opening in the shuttle-body through which the bobbin is inserted, an adjustable spring connected with such button determining the degree of tension. This button is more readily manipulated to place the thread under tension and the tension is more uniform, than with the usual long flat springs provided with eyes, through which the shuttle-thread is passed.

I claim:

1. The combination, with the shuttle-body, of the countersunk latch, button f, lever g and adjusting device to operate the lever and button to press the under side of its head down upon the thread below it, substantially as described.

2. In a shuttle, the latch, button f, lever g, provided with a fulcrum, i and adjusting device to operate the lever, in combination with the removable washer, supported by the latch, substantially as described.

September 17, 1878

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US 208.127                       Henry  G.  Thompson

Boot & Shoe Lasting Machine

Assignor to himself, as Trustee for The Magnetic Lasting Machine Association

September 17, 1878

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US 208.156       G. W. Copeland  &  E. Woodward  &  M. Brock

Boot & Shoe Lasting Machine

Assignors to The Copeland Lasting Machine Company

September 17, 1878

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US 208.259                               Carl  Necker

Sewing Machine

September 24, 1878

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US 208.407                      George  F.   McCombs

Broom-Sewing Machine

Assignor to  Annie  McCombs

September 24, 1878

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US 208.410                         Fenton  A.  Meredith

Bobbin-Winder

September 24, 1878

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OCTOBER 1878

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US 208.631                              J. I.  &  H. Pellerin

October 1, 1878

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US 208.679                              W. S. Hadaway

October 8, 1878

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US 208.838        Lebbeus Balwin Miller  &  Philipp Diehl

Sewing Machine

Assignors to The Singer Manufacturing Company

October 8, 1878

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US 208.911                             J. A. Lakin

October 15, 1878

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US 208.967                        Job  Anthony  Davis

Sewing Machine

October 15, 1878

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US 209.026                         Cyrus  S.  Cushman

Sewing Machine

Assignor to Nesbitt D. Stoops

October 15, 1878

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US 209.030                              Louis  Evans

Sewing Machine

Assignor to himself, John J. Thornton, Daniel H. Ridgeway and W. E. Tuston

October 15, 1878

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US 209.061                           James  S.  Lever

Book-Sewing Machine

October 15, 1878

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US 209.075                           George Rehfuss

Tuck-Marker for Sewing Machine

Assignor to the American Button-Hole Over-Seaming and Sewing Machine Company

October 15, 1878

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US 209.116                              J. W. Fackler

October 22, 1878

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US 209.126                             J. Keith

October 22, 1878

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US 209.157                        Charles  K.  Bradford

Sewing Machine

Assignor to  J. Franklin Faxon and J. Warren Faxon

October 22, 1878

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NOVEMBER 1878

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US 209.543                            Edwin  E.  Bean

Sewing Machine

Assignor to The Consolidated Wax Thread Sewing Machine Company

November 5, 1878

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US 209.712                             G.M. Pratt

November 5, 1878

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US 209.764                              J. G. Lettelier

November 12, 1878

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US 209.843                         William  W.  Wells

Sewing Machine

Assignor to The Dauntless Manufacturing Company

November 12, 1878

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US 209.877                              J. M. Fair  &  W. Hinze

November 12, 1878

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US 209.986                         Edwin J. E. Rollins

Boot & Shoe Lasting-Jack

November 19, 1878

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US 210.036                           James  A.  House

Sewing Machine

My improvements are, in this instance, shown as adapted to the sewing machine Wheeler & Wilson No. 6 , which is generally similar to the machines illustrated and described in Letters Patent US 124.360, dated March 5, 1872

November 19, 1878

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US 210.296                   James  Wright  Chambers

Fan for Sewing Machines

Assignor to Allan Ramsay Blacklock

November 26, 1878

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US 210.329                             Samuel  Huff

Knitting Machine

November 26, 1878

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US 210.330                          George  W.  Hunter

Shuttles

Assignor to one-half his right to Henry M. Baker

In sewing machine shuttles tension on the thread is produced in a variety of ways, mostly, however, by threading the thread through a number of holes, as in the shuttle used in the Singer machine. This threading operation is, as is well known, exceedingly troublesome and tedious as well. It is the object of my invention to remedy this defect. To this end I form in the shell and longitudinally of the shuttle, slots or openings, which are at varying distances from the point where the thread leaves the shuttle, it being held at that point by a suitable hook, guide, or retainer. The slots are of a size to permit the thread to pass readily through any one of them. The farther the selected slot is from the guide or retainer the greater will be the length of thread brought in contact with the periphery of the shuttle and consequently the greater will be the tension. It is in this combination of the slotted shuttle with a thread guide or retainer that my invention mainly consists.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. A sewing machine shuttle comprising a shuttle-body and a thread-retainer, the body being provided with a series of longitudinal slots, which are arranged at different distances from said retainer, the shuttle-thread passing through one of said slots around the periphery of the shuttle to the retainer and the degree of tension being varied in direct proportion to the distance intervening between the particular slot selected and the retainer, substantially as set forth.

2. A sewing machine shuttle provided with a series of longitudinal tension slots or openings, formed in a portion of the body of the shuttle which is of less diameter than the shuttle-nose or front end, as and for the purposes set forth

November 26, 1878

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US 210.370                         August  H.  Tait jr.

Button-Hole Sewing Machine

Assignor of one-half his right to Edward Hem

The invention consists in novel constructions and combinations of a hook-bar having three double or six reverse single movements, for carrying the shuttle-thread around the needle-thread and for forming, in connection with the needle and shuttle, the required stitch. Furthermore, the invention consists in an independent clamping or feeding plate of peculiar construction interposed between the presser-foot and the material under operation, in combination with a guide attached to the presser-foot for directing the feed of the material in stitching button-holes and in certain means for automatically actuating said plate when stitching round the ends of a but ton-hole.

I claim:

1. The combination, with the needle-bar provided with the projection "n", of the hook bar "I", having the lifting-extremity "a1" and incline "s1", the spring cam or latch "M", the pivots "i l", arranged at right angles with each other and the rising-and-falling bar "G" and its controlling-spring "g", substantially as specified.

2. The hook-bar "I", having a rising-and-falling motion, constructed with a rear leg, "o" and slot "s", in combination with the bar "E", provided with the rest "r", the bar "G" and the pivots "i and l", essentially as described.

3. The combination of the rising-and-falling hook-bar "I", having a cam-like projection, "c1", on its face, the bars "E and G", the pivots "i and l" and the spring "u", substantially as specified.

4. The combination, with the presser-foot bar "D1", of the bar "E", the face-plate or head "C", the bar "G", connected with the bar "E" by one or more guides, "f", the spring "g", the pivot "i", the sleeve "k", the pivot "l" and the book-bar "I", essentially as described.

5. The combination of the needle-plate provided with a stud or projection, "a2" and the hook-bar "I", substantially as and for the purpose herein described.

6. The combination of the presser-foot provided with a tubular projection, "e1", with the slotted feed-plate having a roughened under surface and fitted to the said projection on the presser-foot, substantially as and for the purpose herein described.

7. The independent feed-plate "J", constructed with a longitudinal slot, "d1", in it and having its under surface serrated and its upper surface formed with a groove or way, "f1", running in parallel courses and terminating in opposite end toothed semicircular portions "g1", in combination with the sliding pawl-holder "K1", the spring-pawl "K", the needle-bar having a projection, "l1", the rising-and-falling bar "G", having a projection, "m1" and the presser-foot provided with a tubular projection, "e1", essentially as described.

November 26, 1878

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DECEMBER 1878

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US 210.466                             Henry  Pollock

Thread-Cutting Attachment

This invention refers to an improved thread cutting attachment to sewing machines, by which the thread may be cut in quick and convenient manner and the cutter instantly lowered below the table when not required for use and the invention consists of a cutting knife set into a vertically-sliding spring-bolt, that is thrown up through a hole of the sewing machine table as soon as released from a locking spring-bolt. The locking-bolt is bent up at the outer end, so as to project over the table for being readily withdrawn.

I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

1. The combination, with a sewing machine table, of a vertically-guided and spring-acted cutter-carrying bolt and of a horizontally sliding and spring-acted locking -bolt, by which the cutter-bolt is locked or released as required, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. The combination of a guide-socket of the sewing machine table with a spring-bolt having a fixed cutting-blade and notch and with a sliding and spring-acted locking-bolt having outer bent-up end to be conveniently taken hold of, substantially as and for the purpose described. 

December 3, 1878

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US 210.487                          George  C.  Bovey

Sewing Chair

Assignor of One-half his Right to James  A.  Marsh

My invention consists in combining with an ordinary rocking-chair a pocket for the temporary reception of such garments as the seam stress may be engaged on and a work-box to contain her spools, scissors, needles, &c. This pocket is applied to the back of the chair, while the work-box is located beneath the seat of the same and is so constructed as to be readily drawn out either to the right or left, said box being preferably provided with compartments or divisions, as hereinafter more fully explained. I am aware it is not new to apply pockets to the sides of writing-chairs, &c. and to locate drawers beneath chair-seats and therefore my claim is expressly limited to such pockets and drawers when combined with a rocking sewing chair in the manner herein illustrated and described.

I claim as my invention as a new article of manufacture, a sewing chair consisting, essentially, of the chair A B C, mounted on rockers D D1 and having applied to its back C the pocket E E1 F G H H1, a work-box, K, being located beneath seat B in such a manner as to be readily drawn out either to the right or left of said rocking-chair, as herein described and for the purposes set forth. 

December 3, 1878

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US 210.653                George H.  &  Harrison Adams

Knitting Machine Needles

This invention relates to certain improvements in knitting machine needles and consists of a novel method of securing the pivot by which the latch of the needle is held in its place. In the manufacture of some knitting machine needles, the method employed for securing the latch has been to use a pivot longer than the thickness of the body of the needle, said pivot passing through the body of the needle and through the hole in the end of the latch, there being a slot cut in the needle to receive said latch. The holes in the needles were enlarged or countersunk on their outer sides and the pivot was riveted down, thus forming heads at either end, which held the pivot in its place. The difficulty attendant upon this form of manufacture is, that in the severe strain to which the needles are put in the rapidly-running machines the pivots frequently become loosened and the thin edges of the heads project above the surrounding surface and catch the fiber of the yarn, there by causing injury to the quality of the work and frequently much damage to the machine itself. The object of this invention is to overcome this difficulty.

What we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

A knitting machine needle having the latch secured thereto by an independent pivot of a length shorter than the width of the needle body and the pivot held in place by the metal being depressed on the outer faces of the body on each side of the two pivot ends, as and for the purposes set forth. 

December 10, 1878

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DECEMBER 17, 1878

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LAST US PATENT FOR THE YEAR 1878

US 211.077

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 TRADE-MARKS IN 1878

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6.047                                       R. J. Roberts

Needles

May 14, 1878

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6.048                                       R. J. Roberts

Needles

May 14, 1878

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6.105                                    J. Thornton & Co.

Needles

May 21, 1878

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6.222                              National Needle Company

Needles

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6.433                                 Tryber & Sweetland (Chicago, Illinois)

Sewing Machine

June 11, 1878

July 30, 1878

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6.474                                     Henry  Baylis  (New York)

Sewing and knitting Needles

August 13, 1878

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DESIGN IN 1878

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US D 10.764                       George  S.  Darling

Design for Sewing Machine Bracket Arm

Assignor to Wilson Sewing Machine Company  (Chicago, Illinois)

August 6, 1878

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US D 10.829                          Edson  S.  Jones

Design for Sewing Machine Leg

Assignor to The Providence Tool Company  (Rhode Island)

September 17, 1878

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REISSUED IN 1878

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US RE 8.079                         Ruel  W. Whitney

Lock for drawers

Assignor to Wilson Sewing Machine Company (Chicago, Illinois)

February 12, 1878

Specification forming part of Letters Patent

January 19, 1875          US 158.876

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US RE 8.391                          William  H.  Carr

Burr for Knitting Machine

Assignor to George Campbell & John Clute

September 3, 1878 

Specification forming part of Letters Patent

July 26, 1864          US 43.636

Assignor to himself & Nelson P. Akin

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US PATENTS IN ...

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1881   1882   1883   1884   1885   1886   1887   1888   1889   1890  

1891   1892   1893   1894   1895   1896   1897   1898   1899   1900  

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Sources:

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

Google Patents

Report of the Commissioner of Patents for the Year 1878