US PATENTS IN 1854

DESCRIPTIONS AND CLAIMS OF SEVERAL AMERICAN PATENTS ISSUED IN THE YEAR 1854

 

This list of patents is far than be complete, further researches will be done, including patents for Needles and Knitting Machines.

Number of applications for patents during the year ...................... 3.324

Patents issued during the year ...................................................... 1.902

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FIRST US PATENT FOR THE YEAR 1854

US 10.358

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JANUARY 1854

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US  10.427                          John J.  Greenough 

Pegging Machine

My invention consists of certain parts, hereafter described in detail, which are for the purpose of forming and driving pegs of wood or metal into the soles of shoes, boots, &c., or other similar manufactures and in moving the work up to the pegging apparatus.

January  17, 1854

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MARCH 1854

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US 10.597                          William  H.  Johnson

Chain-stitch, one thread, Needle Feed

My invention consists in the making of what I denominate "the belaying double-loop stitch" with a single thread by the employment of one needle used in connection with a double-spring hook over which the loops are formed, the needle working vertically and having a vibratory side motion, so that each time it passes through the cloth or other material to be sewed the material is moved forward a sufficient distance for the succeeding perforation, thus constituting a machine which forms the seam by means of a single thread and feeds by its own operation.

March   7, 1854

Reissued

February 26, 1856         US RE 355

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The first American machine to stitch Button-Holes

US 10.609                               Charles Miller

Buttonhole Sewing Machine Two Thread

The invention relates to the adaptation of the cloth or other material to be sewed to receive what are termed the "button-hole stitch", the "whip-stitch" and the "herring-bone stitch" and it consists in giving the cloth or material to be sewed a movement laterally to the direction of the seam and in opposite directions, alternately, between every two stitches, in addition to the movement commonly given in the direction of the seam. The button-hole stitch and whip-stitch are both made in the same way by taking one stitch through the cloth and the next over the edge the only difference being that in making the button-hole stitch the movement in the direction of the seam requires to be much less than in making the whip-stitch, being properly only the distance of one thickness of thread. The herring-bone stitch is made by taking all the stitches through.

March 7, 1854

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US  10.615                        William Wickersham

Sewing Leather Machine

What I claim as my invention consists more properly in:

So combining, with one sewing machine having one needle and a thread-carrier, or their mechanical equivalents, another or second needle and a second hole in the thread-carrier, or the equivalents therefor, that by the action of the same needle-moving machinery two needles are made to operate simultaneously, so as to perform at one and the same time two parallel rows of stitches with separate threads,substantially as herein before specified.

 March 7, 1854 

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US  10.622                       Christopher  Hodgkins

Chain-stitch, two threads

My invention consists in a peculiar arrangement of the eye of the upper or vertical needle, together with a peculiar mode of forming and operating the lower needle and my invention has reference to machines which sew by the conjoint operation of two needles, one of which passes through the cloth, while the other works on one side of it.

Assignor to Nehemiah Hunt

March 7, 1854

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APRIL 1854

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US 10.728                               W. H. Akins              

Cop for Shuttle

April 4, 1854  

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US 10.757                                S. J. Parker

Lock-stitch, transverse reciprocating shuttle

April 11, 1854

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US 10.763                             J. Harrison Jr.

Lock-stitch, reciprocating shuttle. Upper and under thread controller.

April   11, 1854

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MAY 1854

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US 10.842                              Isaac M.  Singer

Chain-stitch, two threads; embroidery attachment carrying third thread.

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. Forming seams for stitching and sewing with two threads, the first of which is carried through the cloth at each stitch and interlaced with the second by forming a loop with the second on one side of a loop formed With the first and then forming a second loop with the second thread, which is drawn through the loop formed with the first thread and through the first loop formed with the second thread, as described.

2. The needle and looper, in combination with the instrument or its equivalent for carrying or guiding the second thread within the range of the looper, substantially as described.

May 2, 1854

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US 10.875                                  S. Coon

Lock-stitch; reciprocating shuttle, thread controller.

May 9, 1854

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US 10.878                                H. Crosby Jr.

Lock-stitch; revolving hook, thread controller.

May 9, 1854

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US 10.879                        Christopher  Hodgkins

Improvement in a Lock-Stitch Machinery for Sewing Cloth or other Material

Assignor to Nehemiah Hunt

May 9, 1854

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US 10.880                                   Otis Avery

Chain-stitch, two needles and two threads.

  May   9, 1854

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US 10.910                              Hopkins Israel M.

Knitting Machine

May 16, 1854

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US 10.972                             Brown  Thomas   W.

Improved Buttonhole-Cutter or Instrument for Making Buttonholes or Slits in Cloth or other Material

May 23, 1854

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US 10.974                               Isaac M.  Singer

Chain-stitch, one thread; latch under needle, lifting presser foot.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The method, substantially as described, of forming a seam with one thread by carrying the thread through the cloth or other substance with the needle and forming the thread into a loop and at the next passage of the needle forming another loop, which is drawn through the first or previously formed loop, as described.

2. The employment of lateral pressure, whether by a cam, a lever, or their equivalent, to act against and in combination with the needle at or near the end of its perforating motion, substantially as described and to insure the proper position of the needle, as described.

3. In combination with a needle for perforating the substance to be sewed or stitched and carrying the thread through it, a looping apparatus to form a loop at each perforation of the needle and consecutively liberating the previously formed loop over the one last formed to effect the concatenation of the stitches, substantially as described.

4. The looping apparatus with a recess into which the thread is drawn to form a loop or its equivalent, substantially as specified, in combination with the lever or its equivalent for alternately opening the recess to receive the thread to form the loop and closing it to shut in the last formed loop and discharging the previously-formed loop over the one last formed, as set forth.

5. Giving a positive motion to the spring arm guide through which the thread passes from the tension apparatus to the needle by combining therewith the two bridles or their equivalents and the needle carrier or some equivalent moving part of the machine, substantially as specified, the carrier forcing up the said spring arm guide to the limit governed by the fixed bridle and the movable bridle forcing it down to make the slack, as described.

6. The method of feeding the cloth or other substance to the needle for the progress of the seam by means of the foot or pad which holds it to the table, substantially as specified, by means of which the cloth or other substance can be turned on the needle as its axis while the needle is in it and the foot or pad is lifted up preparatory to the feed motion, as set forth.

May  30, 1854

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US 10.975                              Isaac M.  Singer

Lock-stitch, shuttle-thread controller and tension.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The method of imparting the feed motion to the feed-wheel by means of the cord connected at one end with the adjustable arm of the rock-shaft and the other with the reaction spring, substantially as specified, when this is combined with the friction-brakes, operating substantially as specified and for the purpose set forth.

2. Governing and regulating the tension of the needle-thread by means of the wire with its eyes or guides, substantially as specified, in combination with the turning wing, by which the coiling or winding of the thread around the wire can be increased or decreased at pleasure, as specified.

3. In the sewing of leather, causing the needle-thread, on its way to the needle, to pass through linseed-oil or its equivalent, mixed with a drier, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

May  30, 1854

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US 10.994            Martin W. Stevens & Edward G. Kinsley

Lock-stitch, reciprocating shuttle in cylinder bed, with feed-wheel.

Having thus fully described our invention, we will proceed to state what we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent.

1. When the shuttle and feed-motion are arranged within a cylinder upon or around which the work is placed, so arranging and operating the feed-motion as to move the work longitudinally to the cylinder, substantially as described, in order that longitudinal seams may be made in articles of circular form.

2. Attaching the pressure-rollers L L to a collar, M, which fits to a portion of the needle-rod guide D, or other suitable fixed part of the machine, in such a way, substantially as described, that they may be turned and readily secured to run either longitudinally or transversely to the cylinder or bed upon which the work is placed.

May  30, 1854

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JUNE 1854

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US 11.161                                Walter Hunt

Sewing Machine

Said improvements consist in the manner of feeding in of the cloth and regulating the length of the stitch solely by the vibrating motion of the needle; in a rotary-table or platform, upon which the cloths placed for sewing; in guides and gages for controlling the line of the seam.

June  27, 1854

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JULY 1854

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US 11.240                           William Butterfield

Sewing Machine

(Chain-stitch, waxed thread for leather, barbed needle, wheel feed)

What I do claim as my invention or improvement in the chain-stitch sewing machine operating with a hooked needle or hook to draw the thread through the material to be sewed, is:

1. The rest cast-off in its combination with the hooked needle and as applied to and made to operate with it and the material to be sewed and in the loop of thread, substantially as specified.

2. The improvement by which the rest cast off is rendered capable of adapting itself to any ordinary thickness or variation of thickness of the fabric or article to be sewed, such improvement consisting in the above-described mode of operating it by the spring F, applied to the carrier-lever E and made to operate on the lower end of the recess C, as stated.

3. I do not claim the application of a spring to the bobbin for the purpose of enabling the bobbin to fall or turn backward and take up the slack of the thread; but what I do claim is the combination of the bobbin-holder U with the spring V, the friction-disk R and the axle on which the holder turns, the same enabling an empty bobbin to be removed from the holder and a full one put in its place with out disturbing the connection of the spring with the bobbin and friction plate or disk.

Assignor to Butterfield & Stevens

July   4, 1854

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US 11.284                               G. A. Leighton

Chain-stitch, two threads.

July 11, 1854

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US 11.507                             Alfred  Swingle

Sewing leather, chain-stitch, one thread

assignor to Elmer Townsend

July 8, 1854

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AUGUST 1854

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US 11.531                          Sylvester  H.  Roper

Short thread, backstitch

My improved machine is calculated to produce either what is generally termed "back stitch sewing" or that ordinarily called the "running stitch". By back-stitch sewing I mean that in which a thread, after being carried through a piece of cloth from the front to the rear side of said cloth, is moved backward the length of the stitch, is next again carried through the cloth from the rear to the front side of said cloth, is next carried forward double the length of the stitch or some other suitable distance and is next passed through the cloth from the front to the rear side of said cloth. Such operations, being successively repeated, form what is termed "back-stitch sewing". By the ordinary running stitch or stitching I mean that in which a thread is passed through the cloth from the front to the rear side of said cloth, is next moved forward the length of the stitch, is next carried through the cloth from its rear to its front side, is next carried forward the length of a stitch and is again passed through the cloth from the front to the rear side of the cloth. These operations, being repeated, form what is frequently called the "running" or "basting" stitch. 

August 15, 1854

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US 11.588                       Sidney  Stevens  Turner

Sewing leather. Single thread, chain-stitch

assignor to Elmer Townsend

August 22, 1854

Reissued       March 25, 1856       US RE 363

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US 11.615                                J. B. Nichols

Binder and folder.

August 29, 1854

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US 11.631                                S. S. Turner

Sewing leather, wheel-feeding device.

August 29, 1854

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SEPTEMBER 1854

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US 11.680                             Philander  Shaw

Improvement in Operating the Feeding-Roller of a Sewing Machine

(Wheel-feeding device)

September 12, 1854

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US 11.720                           Corwin  Joseph  A.        

Knitting Machine, Straight

September 26, 1854

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NOVEMBER 1854

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US 11.884                            Daniel  C. Ambler

Lock-stitch, two needles, overseaming for felling lap-seams.  

Is this machine the first ZIG-ZAG ?

November  7, 1854

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US 11.934                               Daniel  Harris

Lock-stitch, upper-thread controller

Assignor to John P. Bowker Jr.

Sold in 1854 by American Sewing Machine Company as:

"DORCAS SEWING MACHINE"

November 14, 1854

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US 11.971                                 C. Parham

Lock-stitch, shuttle carrier.

November 21, 1854

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US 11.995                               Hollen Joseph

Knitting Machine

November 28, 1854

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US 12.011                               T. E. Weed 

Thread Controller

November 28, 1854

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US 12.014                             O. G. Boynton

Binder

November 28, 1854

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US 12.015                         T. J. W.  Robertson

Lock-stitch, stationary Shuttle

November 28, 1854

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DECEMBER 1854

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US 12.066                                  W. Lyon

Feeding Device

December 12, 1854

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US 12.074                              G.W.  Stedman

Chain-stitch

December 12, 1854

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US 12.116                              Allen B.  Wilson

Feeding Device

vertical or up and down motion four-motion feed

December 19, 1854

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LAST US PATENT FOR THE YEAR 1854

US 12.116

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US REISSUED IN 1854

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US RE269                            John J.  Greenough                      

Pegging Machine

 July 4, 1854

Specification forming part of Letters Patent

US 10.427       January 17, 1854

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US PATENTS IN ...

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    1850   1851   1852   1853   1854   1855   1856   1857   1858   1859   

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    1870   1871   1872   1873   1874   1875   1876   1877   1878   1879   

    1880   1881   1882   1883   1884   1885   1886   1887   1888   1889   

    1890   1891   1892   1893   1894   1895   1896   1897   1898   1899   

    1900   1901   1902   1903   1904   1905   1906   1907   1908   1909

    1910   1911   1912   1913   1914   1915  

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The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

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Report of the Commissioner of Patents for the Year 1854