US PATENTS IN 1853

DESCRIPTIONS AND CLAIMS OF SEVERAL AMERICAN PATENTS ISSUED IN THE YEAR 1853

 

This list of patents is far than be complete, further researches will be done, including patents for Needles and Knitting Machines.

 

Number of applications for patents during the year ...................... 2.673

Patents issued during the year ......................................................... 958

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JANUARY 1853

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US  9.556                               Freeman  Palmer

Feeding device

The inventor's improvement is in the feeding apparatus for shuttle sewing machines. Fig. 1 is a side view, showing the feeding-wheel B, with a flange b, upon its disk and the cramp d, which grasps the flange b, but sliding freely along the same until acted on by the lever c, when it instantly binds firmly upon the flange, so that the feed wheel shall be carried forward by the arm e; the cramp d is kept in its place by a spring: Fig. 2 is a front view, showing these parts in their proper position. The forward motion of the feed wheel, which gives the length of the stitch, is regulated at pleasure by a screw regulator, which allows the arm a longer or a shorter range. In the returning motion of the shuttle, one of the friction rollers strikes an arm placed on the end of a horizontal shaft and acts on the feed wheel n, carrying the material to be sewed far enough forward for another stitch, which completes the operation.

Claim. The arrangement and combination of parts, by which the material to be sewed is carried under the needle, in a way to secure any required length of stitch; consisting of the shaft C and the screw regulator Y, together with the lever and cramp c and d, upon the feed wheel B.  

January  25  1853

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FEBRUARY 1853

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US  9.592                            William H. Johnson

Chain-stitch, two needles, two threads.

William G. Bates  assignee of W. J. Johnson

This invention consists in making a seam, or uniting two pieces of cloth, by means of the peculiar double loop-stitch; the loops of the stitch being made upon one side of the cloth, formed from two continuous threads, by the use of two needles with eyes near their points, one of the needles carrying its thread through the cloth and the other working entirety on one side, the needles passing alternately into loops formed in their threads, thus forming the double loop-stitch on one side of the cloth. The needles and feeding arrangement being moved by cams driven by suitable mechanical devices. The figure shows the double loop stitch produced in the manner above described.

Claim. Making the double loop-stitch, having the loops upon one side of the cloth, by means of two needles combined, &c. Also, making a seam, or uniting two pieces of cloth, by means of the double loop stitch from a single thread on one side and on the other of a continuous chain, formed of a succession of double loops from the threads.  

February 22, 1853

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MARCH 1853

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US 9.626                               William Mansfield

Improvement in Knitting Machines

By the aid of this improvement, the operation of knitting a piece of foods is performed by means of a single thread or yarn taken from a bobbin and two sets or series of hooked needles. The principal feature of this improvement consists in the manner of operating one set of needles with respect to the other set. To fully explain this machine, would require large drawings.

Claim.The manner of forming the loops in knitting ribbed fabrics, viz.: by the combination of two sets of needles, made to operate together, which affords important advantages in constructing and operating the loom.

March 22, 1853

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US 9.641                          Thomas  C.  Thompson

Lock-stitch, magnetic shuttle and race for keeping shuttle in contact with race

The nature of this invention consists, first, in charging the race or shuttle with magnetism, for the purpose of keeping the shuttle in perfect contact with the face of the shuttle race, without the use of springs, or holders of any kind, whilst at the same time '' I insure the taking up of every stitch". Also in making the shuttle with a hinged cap, for the more readily placing therein and retaining of the bobbin or cop which is used without a spindle or spool, the thread being drawn from the inside of the cop or bobbin, by which means a uniform strain or tension is preserved on the bobbin or cop thread.

Claim. The magnetic shuttle and race, one or both, for the purpose of keeping the shuttle in perfect contact with the face of the shuttle race, without the use of springs or any other device and thereby insuring the securing of every stitch.

March 29, 1853

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APRIL 1853

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US 9.665                            William  H.  Johnson

Cloth holder and feeding device

This improvement consists in the construction of a hollow rotary clamp composed of two skeleton disks or shells, meeting closely at their perimeters, so that the cloth can be folded in the interior of the clamp while the seam is arranged around the edge; this clamp being so operated as to render the machine self-feeding.

Claim. The use of a hollow rotary clamp, for holding and feeding cloth or other material to be sewed.

April 12, 1853

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US 9.679                           William Wickersham

Sewing leather, barbed needle, two threads

The claim of the inventor will enable those acquainted with sewing machines to understand this improvement.

Claim. The combination of a single needle and two thread guides (carrying separate threads), so operated that during one passage of the needle through and out of the cloth or other material to be sewed, one of the guides shall lay its thread in the hook of the needle, each guide acting alternately. Also, making one of the guides with a long slot, for receiving the thread in its passage to and through the other guide. Also, the peculiar mode of sewing cloth or other material by combining two threads with the fabric, by drawing them through each others loops, interlooping them in plegma stitches, so that the threads alternately bind each other. Also, the improved arrangement of applying the closing slide of the hooked needle to the same side as the barb or hook, so that it may slide in a groove in the needle or carrier, parallel to the motion of the needle, in the manner and for the purpose as specified.

April 19, 1853 

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MAY 1853

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US 9.718                                     Mee  John

Knitting Looms Machines

 Improvement in Power-Looms for Making Ribbed Warp-Knit Fabrics

The object of this invention is the weaving a new and improved manufacture of warp-knit cloth, produced by two sets of warp threads and two sets of needles and wherein the rib is shown on both sides of the cloth of equal width, or on one side of double the width of the other.

Claim. The two sets of thread guides, in combination with two sets of needles and machinery for casting the loops, the whole being made to operate together, to produce a ribbed Knit fabric. Also, causing the two sets of needles to work or move up or down independently of each other and thus be out of the way of the thread guides and be arranged close together, to make closer work than can be produced when the two sets of needles are made to move in one direction (either up or down) at the same time.  

May 10, 1853

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DECEMBER 1853

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US 10.344                        Henry  Leonard  Sweet

Improvement in Guides for Sewing on Binding

First American patent for an attachment

of Foxborough, Massachusetts, United States of America. The object of this improvement is to aid in sewing on binding to hats and the like. Fig. 1 is a top view. Fig. 2, a front view. Fig. 3, its receiving end. Fig. 4, its delivery end and fig. 5, a perspective view of the guide. This guide is to be used in sewing machines.

Claim. The doubling-guide, as not only made with a flat mouth, or one capable of receiving the ribbon, tape or binding, in a flattened state, but with a bent channel or sides, such as shall gradually bend or double it and discharge it at the other end in a doubled state, ready to be applied to any article conveniently placed to receive it and leave it sewed thereon.

December 20, 1853

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US 10.354                         Sherburne C. Blodgett

Improvement in Sewing Machines

By reference to the figure, the claim will explain the nature of this invention.

Claim. The formation of a seam in cloth or other material, by the interlooping of two threads, by the conjoint action of two needles in such manner that each needle shall be made to carry a loop of thread through a loop formed by the other needle and through the cloth, whereby one thread serves as a binding-thread to the other.

December 20, 1853

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US PATENTS IN ...

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1891   1892   1893   1894   1895   1896   1897   1898   1899   1900  

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The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)

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Report of the Commissioner of Patents for the Year 1853