by James Pigot (1821)
Burnley is a market town of Lancashire, 24 miles from Manchester, situated in a narrow vale on the margin of the river Calder to the south, and the river Brown towards the north, which unite a little below the town. The church is of considerable dimensions, handsomely built of freestone; it is considered one of the best livings in this part of the country, and is a curacy under Whalley. There are also several meeting-houses for dissenters. The trade of Burnley was formerly confined to woollen or worsted goods; the cotton manufacture has, however, been successfully introduced of late years, and is now carried on in the town and neighbourhood to a very considerable extent. The Leeds and Liver: pool canal, which nearly surrounds the town, and forms a junction between the Irish and German Ocean, tends much to increase its trade and population. The market is held on Monday, chiefly for corn ; the fairs are held March 7, May 6, 13, July 11, and October 11. Besides freestone, coal and slate, some lead mines have been discovered in the high and bleak grounds which surround the town. The population is about 7.000.