This place, though in the county of York, is said to be within the parish of Rochdale;
the cause of which appears by an old book belonging to Whalley Abbey, to have been an
application from Hugo de Stapleton, lord of the manor of Rochdale, for leave to erect a
chapel chapel should for the be useannexed of his tenants; to the abbey the peºmission of Whalley.was,On the ted,dissolution buton capdition of monasteries that the
this was annexed to Rochdale; and the minister of its church or chapel is now put in by
the vicar of that place; the tithes of which have been lately purchased by the land owners.
Saddleworth is a large valley, about seven miles long and five across the broadest part,
situated in an angle of Yorkshire, between Lancashire and the north eastern projection of
Cheshire. It is by nature a wild and bleak region, but industry has accumulated in it a
vast number of inhabitants, (and is now in a high state of cultivation, and conveniently
intersected by good turnpike roads) who gain a comfortable subsistence by the manufac
turing of woollen cloth, for which the place is peculiarly famous; many of the superior
broads manufactured here being equal, if not superior, to those of the West of England.
The cotton business has also been introduced,
and is now carried on to a considerable
The Huddersfield canal, which passes through Saddleworth, and penetrates by a
tunnel, upwards of three miles in length, the mountains of Pule Moss and Brunn Top, has
given material advantages to the inhabitants of this district.