WAX-THREAD

SEWING MACHINE US PATENTS

 

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1855

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US 12.336                               Salem  Wilder

Waxing Thread on Sewing Machine

This wax-holder is intended to hold liquid wax or any fluid composition or material with which it may be desirable to saturate the thread, such thread being carried from the eye of the thread-carrier into and through such wax-holder and the liquid therein. I am aware that a contrivance for applying oil to the thread has been arranged in rear of the eye of the thread-carrier or between the same and the bottom of the thread. In this case, as the thread is oiled before it reaches the eye of the thread-carrier, the said eye is liable to become more or less covered or filled with oil from the thread, the consequence of which is that the thread often becomes cemented or adheres to the eye of the thread carrier, whereby it is liable to be broken when the machine is put in operation. Besides this, the oil from the thread is liable to run down upon the thread-carrier and needle or get upon the cloth or article to be sewed in quantities that may be very injurious thereto. By my arrangement of the wax-holder between the eye of the thread-carrier and the needle the above-mentioned difficulties cannot occur and, besides this, advantages result from it which will be obvious to persons skilled in the use of sewing machines. When the wax-holder is fastened to the arm that supports the thread-carrier and so that that part of the thread extending from the eye of the carrier to the needle shall pass through the wax-holder, the vertical movements of the carrier will move the thread up and down through the wax in the holder and aid greatly in the saturation of the thread.

Patent Expired in 1869

January 30, 1855

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1856

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US 14.207                              Alfred  Swingle

Machinery for Sewing Cloth, Leather and other Material

The thread-tension apparatus, composed of the rollers M and O, their fork P, its screw and nut and spring, as above described, is of great advantage when a waxed thread is employed in the machine, it producing a proper and uniform tension of the thread and preventing the wax thereon from being scraped therefrom, as takes place when a waxed thread is carried and pressed between two flat surfaces....I do claim, as a tension apparatus, the combination of a rotary grooved roller and a pressure roller, operating by means of a spring of its equivalent, essentially as specified, the same, when a waxed thread is used, producing advantages substantially as hereinbefore stated.

February 5, 1856

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1863

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US 39.092                             Reuben W. Drew

Attachments for Waxed Thread Sewing Machine

In the use.of clear waxed thread in sewing machines it has been found that the rooms or apartments where used must be highly heated to make the waxed thread sufficiently pliable to work in and through a machine and so great has been the difficulty of making threads waxed with clear shoe-maker's wax sufficiently pliable, or flexible to work in machines that an inferior article of wax, or, rather, of a composition of a softer nature, has been resorted to, which is actually injurious to the thread, either rotting it or evaporating and leaving the thread dry. After much experiment I have succeeded in making an attachment to a sewing machine using a waxed thread that is perfectly practical and highly useful, enabling me to use waxed threads in any room or building under any temperatures. My invention relates and is applicable to any sewing machine using waxed threads and whose parts to which the heat is applied are made of metal, whatever may be its construction and mode of operation, but so that the heat may be distributed over the waxed thread without allowing the flame to injure it and it consists in the application of heat by the flame of a lamp, or of a gas-burner, or their equivalents, to a sewing machine using waxed threads, for the purpose of warming the thread and rendering it pliable and thus applicable to machine-sewing under any temperatures of the external air. 

Assignor to Alfred B. Ely

June 30, 1863

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US 39.567                          Thomas J.  Halligan

Sewing Machine Shuttle

This invention relates to an improvement in the construction of shuttles which are to be used in machines for sewing leather, &c., the object of which is to enable me to use waxed thread without liability of scraping off the wax therefrom and also to obtain a uniformity of tension, as will be hereinafter described. 

August 18, 1863

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US 40.318                             Isaac  Banister

Semi-Liquid Wax for Sewing Machine Thread

The nature of my discovery is such that it entirely obviates the present necessity of using heat to the wax-holder, while the wax at the same time has all the requisite qualifications required of wax upon the thread, as to making the thread work easily and be of the required hardness and durability on the thread when the wax becomes dry. 

October 20, 1863

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1864

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US 41.050                            Isaac  Banister

Thread-Waxing Devices for Sewing Machine

This invention relates to apparatus for waxing the thread with liquid wax, more especially to the employment for removing the superfluous wax from the thread, after it has passed. through the wax-trough, of a tube or eye of india-rubber or other elastic or flexible material which can be more or less contracted or expanded to suit thread of different sizes and according to the quantity of wax desired to be retained in or on the thread. It consists in a certain construction of the stock which holds the aforesaid tube, whereby provision is made for the contraction and expansion of the said tube.  

January 5, 1864

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US 42.292                              A. F.  Johnson

Sewing Machine

The present invention relates almost entirely to improvements in the method of producing a wax-thread seam for the uniting of heavy fabrics, like leather, such as are used for boots or shoes, harnesses, carriages, &c., although it will apply essentially to the sewing of other materials as well when other threads are to be used. Previous to entering into a detailed description of my invention it may be well to show what, in the course of many experiments and investigations, I have found to be the difficulties to be overcome and the essential requisites to be embodied in a sewing machine for producing this class of goods, as it will tend to point out more clearly the salient points of my invention and wherein they differ from what has before been done.

The only wax-thread sewing machinery heretofore used that has approximated to the accomplishment of practical results has been that by which a single-thread or tambour stitch has been produced, it having been found impossible to form a seam by a double-thread or lock stitch in such heavy goods with a waxed or tarred thread, although it is evident and has long been demonstrated that this latter stitch is the only one which is sufficiently strong and durable to withstand the hard usage to which such fabrics are exposed but the lock-stitch could not be made with a wax-thread in leather and other hard fabrics by the ordinary arrangement of devices....

April 12, 1864

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US 43.077                Gordon McKay & Lyman R. Blake

Devices for Stripping Superfluous Wax from Thread

In the preparation of thread for use by those sewing machines known as "waxed-thread machines", which employ a crochet-needle, the general waxing of the thread is imperfect, as is well known, caused by imperfection of the device used in waxing, termed the "stripper", which prior to our invention has been made of material which is quite compressible and soft, being generally rubber, leather, or cloth. Such Strippers have been made by perforating the compressible material with a hole for the passage of the thread or a slit has been cut in the material, through which the thread has been made to pass and this slit formation has been most used, because more easily threaded than the hole through the material. The compressible material has also been put in the shape of a tube, through which the thread has been drawn and this and the forms before mentioned have had appliances connected there with by which the material of the stripper has been compressed upon the thread as the stripping material wore away by the friction consequent upon the passage of the thread and Wax. With these strippers knots and enlargements of the thread were drawn through the thread-passage therein by compressing the material of the stripper and in their movement wearing away and enlarging the passage.

When the material was too tightly compressed upon the thread it for a time removed too much wax therefrom. Wearing away of the material of the stripper enlarged the hole. Then for a short time it allowed the proper amount of wax to pass the stripper and to remain upon the thread but the continued passage of the thread soon increased the aperture in the stripper, so that too much wax remained upon the thread and as the aperture generally wore oblong more wax was left on one surface or side of the thread than on the other. As the uniformly-good performance of waxed-thread sewing machines cannot be obtained without uniformity in the waxing of the thread used and as the quality of the sewing accomplished depends upon there being a sufficiency of wax left upon the thread, the utility of a device which, while made of a material not practicably compressible, not soft and subject to wear, like substances before named and which will at the same time admit the passage of knots and enlargements in the thread, becomes apparent.

Assignors to Gordon McKay

June 7, 1864

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US 43.209                            Amos  Holbrock Jr.

Devices for Heating Waxed Threads in Sewing Machine

My invention consists in an improvement by which I am enabled to employ gas as a means for heating the rotating horn of the sole sewing machine shown and described in the United States Letters Patent granted for the invention of Messrs. McKay and Mathies, August 12, 1862 and numbered US 36.163, the gas so employed being a cheap substitute for alcohol, oil, &c., thereby making a material daily saving in the cost of operating each of such of the aforesaid sewing machines to which my improvement may be applied, besides having advantages in the matters of cleanliness and ease of management. It is well known that in operating these sole-sewing machines it is necessary to heat the horn in order to keep the wax upon the thread soft and the thread flexible during the sewing process. It is also well known to those who operate the said rotating horn sewing machine that its horn is mounted on a vertical tubular shaft, within which is a small vertical shaft which operates the device which lays the thread into the hook of the needle. Said small vertical shaft, occupying the axis of rotation of the horn-bearing shaft, rendered it necessary to adopt some peculiar arrangement to convey gas to a burner placed in convenient position upon or under the horn which should not interfere with the rotation of the horn and the parts there with immediately connected.

Prior to my invention a slack flexible hose was used to convey the gas to the burner; but this involved the unwinding of the hose from the horn-supporting shaft as often as it became tightly wound up thereupon during the operation of the machine in sewing around soles and the trouble and loss of time involved in this more than counterbalanced any advantages arising from the use of gas for heating.

June 21, 1864

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USRE 1.831                         Amos  Holbrock Jr.

 ... and we, the aforesaid Amos Holbrock and William F. Spinney and F. W. G. Lewis, also of Lynn aforesaid, the owners thereof...

Devices for Heating Waxed Threads in Sewing Machine

December 6, 1864

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1865

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US 47.911                             Hosea P.  Aldrice

Machine for Sewing Leather with Waxed Thread

I claim herein as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. Heating the pressure-pad and cloth-plate of a sewing machine, or either of them separately, by steam or otherwise for the purpose of preventing waxed thread from sticking thereto while passing through the machine, substantially as and for the purposes specified.

2. Inclosing the tension-wheel or other, tension device of a sewing machine over which the Waxed thread passes in a heated chamber or casing for the purpose of preventing waxed thread which passes around it from sticking thereto, substantially as herein described. 

3. Combining with the steam-chest of the wax-receptacle D the casing which contains the tension-wheel, substantially in the manner and for the purposes specified.

4. In combination with the wax-receptacle D and its steam-chest a, the pipes G O K, hollow pressure-pad B and hollow cloth-plate C, substantially as and for the purposes specified. 

Assignor to himself and George Jenks

May 30, 1865

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US 47.912                             Hosea P.  Aldrice

Thread-Waxing Device for Sewing Machine

Although I have designed the apparatus principally for use in shoemaking, it may be used to good advantage in all cases where waxed threads are employed-such, for in stance, as in harness-making and similar branches of manufacture. By my invention the thread does not have to be spooled, but can be used direct from the ball or skein, thus saving a great deal of time. Any other yielding substance such as Cork may be used for the plug O, although I prefer rubber. Having thus fully described the nature of my invention, what I claim herein as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The combination of the wax-receptacle A with the water-tank D, water-jacket E and chimney C, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2. Attaching the wax-receptacle to the sewing machine by passing a rod through the hollow tube I, which tube performs the function of a thread-guide for immersing the thread under the surface of the wax, substantially as herein described.

3. The combination of the tube L, india-rubber plug O and screw M, substantially as and for the purposes described.

4. Making the india-rubber plug O convex at both its ends, in combination with the socket of tube L and that on screw M, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

5. The application to thread-waxing devices of the tube L, when constructed and operated as and for the purposes described. 

Assignor to himself and George Jenks

May 30, 1865

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US 50.917

November 14, 1865

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US 51.383

December 5, 1865

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1866

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US 54.145

April 24, 1866

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US 58.550

October 2, 1866

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US 59.127

October 23, 1866

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1867

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US 67.300

July 30, 1867

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US 67.881

August 20, 1867

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US 69.056

September 17, 1867

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1868

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US 74.310

February 11, 1868

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1871

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US 113.962

April 26, 1871

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US 117.644

August 1, 1871

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1872

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US 130.556

August 20, 1872

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1875

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US 167.094                           William J. Garton

Wax Thread Heating Machine

My invention relates to sundry improvements in wax-thread-heating machines, such as are used in boot and shoe factories, having for their object to thoroughly heat and keep pliable the waxed thread while being used on a sewing machine, so that the work produced by the machine with the aid of my improvements shall be equal in quality and in every other respect, to that produced by the best hand labor. 

Assignor of one-half his right to William Ward

August 24, 1875

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1876

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US 171.877                          William A.  Springer

Guides for Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

January 4, 1876

 

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US 173.837      John E. Wheeler & Lynn and Lyman Barber

Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

This invention has for its object the automatic adjustment of the presser-foot, for work of varying thicknesses. We claim:

1. The wedge-shaped adjusting-block G, rocking-lever E and presser-bar A, in combination with the lever B and projecting collar C, substantially as described.

2. The combination of the shoulder C and lever B with the variable adjusting-block G and operating mechanism, Substantially as described, whereby the said block is adjusted by the thickness of the work and the presser bar thereby caused to have a uniform lift from the surface of the work, substantially as set forth.

3. The combination of the presser-bar A, adjustable collar D, with the rocking-lever E and Spring H, all arranged and operated substantially as described.

February 22, 1876

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US 176.269        Raymond Blakiston & William Compton Blakiston

Waxing and Tarring Soft Cording, Rope Yarns, &c.

The object of the invention is to wax and tar soft cording, rope yarns and all kinds of twines made from jute, flax, or cotton more thoroughly and evenly and with a greater saving of time and waxing material, than by any other process now in use in sail-makers' lofts or in factories where twines and threads are either made or used

April 18, 1876

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US 176.772                            Louis  Chevallier

This invention relates to a new sewing machine, which is to be more particularly used for stitching leather and is a machine of that class in which an awl is employed above the fabric, together with a presser-foot and a needle, the awl serving to perforate the leather and feed it, the needle being subsequently introduced through the hole made by the awl and making the stitch, while the presser-foot holds the leather firmly in place. 

May 2, 1876

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US 179.759           Ray. Blakiston & William C. Blakiston

Waxing Compound or Composition

This invention relates to that class of compounds used to wax soft cording and all descriptions of twines made from jute, flax, cotton, or hemp. To prepare this compound, take of bees-Wax three parts; of rosin, five and a half parts and of palm oil, one and a half parts. Dissolve the rosin and wax together in an ordinary kettle on a stove or furnace; when dissolved, add the palm-oil in a crude state, which must be done gradually and carefully, to avoid scattering of mixture. When the ingredients are thoroughly mixed in the proportions stated, the mixture is ready for use. To prepare said twines, the material above described is placed in a machine made for the purpose (and for which a patent was granted to us April 18, 1876, US 176.269). We claim A compound consisting of bees. Wax, rosin and palm-oil, in the proportions above stated, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

July 11, 1876

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US 185.080                      Samuel Nelson Corthell

Apparatus for Applying Wax to Boot and Shoe Burnishing Machines

December 5, 1876

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1877

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4.371        Consolidated Wax Thread Sewing Machine Company

(Boston, Mass.)

Wax-thread Sewing Machine

Trade-Mark

February 13, 1877  

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US 196.809                            Jeremiah  Keith

Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

This machine is specially adapted to sewing with a waxed thread and consequently is intended for sewing articles of canvas or leather. It can be used, however, to sew a thread not waxed. In carrying out my invention employ a two nosed shuttle, a “hooked needle” rather than what is termed an “eye-pointed needle”, which will not operate well with a waxed thread, on account of the wax collecting in the eye and groove of it to such an extent as to prevent or hinder the free passage of the thread through the needle. 

November 6, 1877

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US 198.392                          D. Ufford  Jennings

Manufacture of Waxed Thread for sewing

December 18, 1877

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US 198.594                            Hannibal  Folsom

Wax-Thread Sewing Machine

This invention relates to wax-thread sewing machines for sewing, the outer seam of boot and shoe soles, which employ a post for sup porting the work and in which the work is fed by a movement of the needle... My invention has for its object mainly to facilitate the manipulation of a boot or shoe while it is being stitched and by “manipulation. I mean inclining the sole, swinging the boot or shoe while it is inclined or in any position and feeding the boot or shoe between stitches.

December 25, 1877

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1879

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US 218.464                   Simon Willard Wardwell Jr.

Wax Thread Sewing Machine

The main object of my invention is to sew leather and other materials with two waxed threads that is, with threads thoroughly saturated with shoe-maker's wax, locking said threads at some point between the faces of the material and this I effect by means of a machine embodying new and improved mechanisms and devices, which will be hereinafter fully described.

Assignor to Hautin Sewing Machine Company

August 12, 1879

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